S1 - Salaah 1

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Khutbatul-Haajah : إِنَّ الْحَمْد َ لِلَّهِ نَحْمَدُهُ وَنَسْتَعِينُهُ وَنَسْتَغْفِرُهُ وَنَعُوذُ بِاللَّهِ مِنْ شُرُورِ أَنْفُسِنَا وَمِنْ سَيِّئَاتِ أَعْمَالِنَا مَنْ يَهْدِهِ اللَّهُ فَلَا مُضِلَّ لَهُ وَمَنْ يُضْلِلْ فَلَا هَادِيَ لَهُ وَأَشْهَدُ أَنْ لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لَا شَرِيكَ لَهُ وَأَشْهَدُ أَنَّ َ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ يَاأَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ ءَامَنُوا اتَّقُوا اللَّهَ حَقَّ تُقَاتِهِ وَلا تَمُوتُنَّ إِلا وَأَنْتُمْ مُسْلِمُونَ يَاأَيُّهَا النَّاسُ اتَّقُوا رَبَّكُمُ الَّذِي خَلَقَكُمْ مِنْ نَفْسٍ وَاحِدَةٍ وَخَلَقَ مِنْهَا زَوْجَهَا وَبَثَّ مِنْهُمَا رِجَالا كَثِيرًا وَنِسَاءً وَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ الَّذِي تَسَاءَلُونَ بِهِ وَالأَرْحَامَ إِنَّ اللَّهَ كَانَ عَلَيْكُمْ رَقِيبًا يَاأَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ ءَامَنُوا اتَّقُوا اللَّهَ وَقُولُوا قَوْلا سَدِيدًا يُصْلِحْ لَكُمْ أَعْمَالَكُمْ وَيَغْفِرْ لَكُمْ ذُنُوبَكُمْ وَمَنْ يُطِعِ اللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ فَقَدْ فَازَ فَوْزًا عَظِيمًا أَمَّا بَعْدُ : فَإِنَّ أَصْدَقَ الْحَدِيْثِ كِتَابُ اللهِ وَأَحْسَنَ الْهَدْيِ ه َ د ْ ي ُ مُحَمَّدٍ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ وَشَرَّ الْأُمُوْرِ مُحْدَثَاتُهَا وَكُلَّ مُحْدَثَةٍ بِدْعَة ٌ وَكُلَّ بِدْعَةٍ ضَلاَلَة ٌ وَ كُلَّ ضَلاَلَةٍ فِي الْنَارِ Khu t batul- H aajah خطبة الحاجة

Khutbatul-Haajah Understanding its meaning : إِنَّ الْحَمْد َ لِلَّهِ نَحْمَدُ هُ وَ نَسْتَعِينُ هُ وَ نَسْتَغْفِرُه ُ وَ نَعُوذُ بِ اللَّهِ مِنْ شُرُورِ أَنْفُسِنَا وَمِنْ سَيِّئَاتِ أَعْمَالِ نَا مَنْ يَهْدِهِ اللَّهُ فَلَا مُضِلَّ لَ هُ وَمَنْ يُضْلِلْ فَلَا هَادِيَ لَ هُ وَ أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللَّهُ وَحْدَ هُ لَا شَرِيكَ لَه ُ وَ أَشْهَدُ أَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُ هُ وَرَسُولُهُ يَاأَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ ءَامَنُوا اتَّقُوا اللَّهَ حَقَّ تُقَاتِهِ وَلا تَمُوتُنَّ إِلا وَ أَنْتُمْ مُسْلِمُونَ يَاأَيُّهَا النَّاسُ اتَّقُوا رَبَّ كُمُ الَّذِي خَلَقَكُمْ مِنْ نَفْسٍ وَاحِدَةٍ وَ خَلَقَ مِنْ هَا زَوْجَهَا وَ بَثَّ مِنْ هُمَا رِجَالا كَثِيرًا وَ نِسَاءً وَ اتَّقُوا اللَّهَ الَّذِي تَسَاءَلُونَ بِهِ وَ الأَرْحَامَ إِنَّ اللَّهَ كَانَ عَلَيْكُمْ رَقِيبًا يَاأَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ ءَامَنُوا اتَّقُوا اللَّهَ وَ قُولُوا قَوْلا سَدِيدًا يُصْلِحْ لَ كُمْ أَعْمَالَكُمْ وَ يَغْفِرْ لَ كُمْ ذُنُوبَكُمْ وَمَنْ يُطِعِ اللَّهَ وَ رَسُولَهُ فَ قَدْ فَازَ فَوْزًا عَظِيمًا أَمَّا بَعْدُ : فَإِنَّ أَصْدَقَ الْحَدِيْثِ كِتَابُ اللهِ وَأَحْسَنَ الْهَدْيِ ه َ د ْ ي ُ مُحَمَّدٍ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَ سَلَّمَ وَ شَرَّ الْأُمُوْرِ مُحْدَثَاتُهَا وَك ُلَّ مُحْدَثَةٍ بِدْعَة ٌ وَك ُلَّ بِدْعَةٍ ضَلاَلَة ٌ وَ كُلَّ ضَلاَلَةٍ فِي الْنَارِ Khu t batul- H aajah Understanding its meaning خطبة الحاجة God/deity إِلَه ٌ Evil (s) ش َ ر ٌّ شُرُورِ Self ( ves ) ن َ ف ْ س ٌ أَنْفُس ٌ Deed (s) ع َ مَل ٌ أَعْمَال ٌ Bad سَيِّئَ ةٌ سَيِّئَات ٌ Alone وَحْد Partner شَرِيك ٌ Slave عَبْد ٌ They believed ءَامَنُوا You all أَنْتُمْ Muslim (s) مُسْلِمٌ ) ونَ ( Man/men رَجُلٌ رِجَالٌ Woman (en) اِمْرَأَةٌ نِسَاءٌ

Welcome! : Welcome! The Prophet ﷺ would say Khu t batul- H aajah in all of his important affairs and as these sessions are important to us we begin them with Khu t batul- H aajah , following his example ﷺ . The s alaah is in the Arabic language. It is important to understand what we are saying when we communicate with Allaah 5 times daily. Allaah loves the Solaah and He loves to hear the words contained in the s alaah . In it, He is teaching us how to praise Him as He said: "Verily! I am Allah! La ilaha illa Ana (none has the right to be worshipped but I), so worship Me, and perform As- Salat ( Iqamat -as- Salat ) for My Remembrance. [ T aa H aa 20:14] Indeed + I إِنَّنِي = إِنّ + نِي I أَنَا Worship ! اُعْبُدْ – عَبَدَ يَعْبُدُ Establish! أَقِمِ أَقَامَ يُقِيْمُ The Solaah الصَّلَاةَ Remember + Me ذِكْرِي = ذِكْر + ي وَأَقِمِ الصَّلَاةَ لِذِكْرِي and establish As- Salat for My Remembrance. إِنَّ نِي أَنَا اللَّـهُ لَا إِلَـٰهَ إِلَّا أَنَا فَ اعْبُدْنِي وَ أَقِمِ الصَّلَاةَ لِ ذِكْرِي ﴿ ١٤ ﴾

Contents : Contents The Importance of S alaah The Appointment Why the Appointment? The S alaah and Success Important Note Our Method of Studying & Understanding the S alaah Conclusion Contents خطبة الحاجة The Appt. Imp. of Salaah Notes Method of studying Conclusion

The Importance of Salaah : The Importance of S alaah Our life goal: to develop a better relationship with Allaah through s alaah . (وَأَقِمِ الصَّلَاةَ لِذِكْرِي) After the Shahaadah (an action of the heart and tongue) we must do actions on the limbs and the greatest of those is the s alaah . (وَاعْلَمُوْا أَنَّ خَيْرَ أَعْمَالِكُمُ الصَّلَاة) The words of the s alaah are not ordinary words. They are words that Allaah revealed for us to use to praise Him. They are thus the most beautiful and majestic and reading them with understanding is one of the greatest ways to help one: a) to perfect the s alaah and 2) assist one to get closer to Allaah. Besides the words, the s alaah also contains many important events/moments which should be properly understood to establish the solaah – the following are a few: a) Nothing else requires that one must be totally pure in order to do it. b) There are no other actions that must be performed compulsorily 5 times daily. c) It is not enough that we just stand in s alaah and recite. There are other dimensions and important aspects that make it complete. d) There is a difference between praying and establishing the s alaah (as A llaah has commanded in the Qur’aan ). In shaa Allaah, our discussions concerning solaah will also include this aspect. وَأَقِمِ الصَّلَاةَ لِذِكْرِي and establish As- Salat for My Remembrance.

The Appointment : The Appointment Verily, the prayer is enjoined on the believers at fixed hours. [An- Nisaa ’ 4:103] Consider the tafseer of this aayah carefully { Verily , the s alaah is Kitaaban on the believers at fixed hours.} means: “enjoined”, as Ibn ` Abbaas stated. Ibn ` Abbaas also said, “The prayer has a fixed time, just as the case with Hajj.” Similar is reported from Mujaahid , and others. Points to Ponder : Consider your value – O Muslim ! Allaah, the Almighty made s alaah obligatory to be performed at specified times – thus, He has made an appointment with the believers for these times .   إِنَّ الصَّلَاةَ كَانَتْ عَلَى الْمُؤْمِنِينَ كِتَابًا مَّوْقُوتًا  ﴿ ١٠٣ ﴾ To be كَانَ كَانَتْ Upon /on عَلَى Believer Believers الْمُؤْمِنُ ) ونَ ( Enjoined كِتَابًا Time (fixed) مَّوْقُوت وَأَقِمِ الصَّلَاةَ لِذِكْرِي and establish As- Salat for My Remembrance.

Why the Appointment? : Why the Appointment? Question: Who specified the times for the appointment? Answer: Allaah, the Almighty Question : Who is He making the appointment with? Answer : The believers – the best of creation! This is a indeed a great honor   إِنَّ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ أُولَـٰئِكَ هُمْ خَيْرُ الْبَرِيَّةِ ﴿ ٧ ﴾ “ Indeed, they who have believed and done righteous deeds - those are the best of creatures.” Al- Baiyinnah   ( 7 ) Question: Would Allaah benefit if believers fulfil this appointment and pray? Answer: Absolutely not! Only you and I (i.e. The believer) would benefit if we establish the prayer for Allaah’s remembrance. Do we do this? Please ponders: Allaah is giving us, through the s alaah, a chance to be successful! Question: So what is there in the s alaah for the believer? Answer: Success in this world and the Hereafter! S alaah is the true success. وَأَقِمِ الصَّلَاةَ لِذِكْرِي and establish As- Salat for My Remembrance. Indeed إِنَّ They who الَّذِينَ Believed آمَنُوا Do (p) وَعَمِلُوا Righteous الصَّالِحَاتِ Those أُولَـٰئِكَ They هُمْ Good خَيْرُ creatures الْبَرِيَّةِ Since success is your goal then follow us in the following slides as we try to establish this, in shaa Allaah so that you can now be properly focused.

The Salaah and Success : The S alaah and Success Tafseer of Ibn Katheer "( Khaashi`oon ) means those with fear and tranquillity.'‘ It was reported from `Ali bin Abi T aalib , may Allaah be pleased with him, that Khushoo ` means the Khushoo ` of the heart. Al- H asan Al- Ba s ri said, "Their Khushoo ` was in their hearts.'' So they lowered their gaze and were humble towards others. Khushoo ` in prayer is only attained by the one who has emptied his heart totally, who does not pay attention to anything else besides it, and who prefers it above all else. At that point it becomes a delight and a joy for eyes, as in the h adeeth recorded by Imaam A h mad and An- Nasaa'i from Anas , who said that the Messenger of Allaah ﷺ said: حُبِّبَ إِلَـيَّ الطِّيبُ وَالنِّسَاءُ، وَجُعِلَتْ قُرَّةُ عَـيْـنِـي فِي الصَّلَاة “ Fragrance and women have been made dear to me, and s alaah was made the joy of my eye . ” قَدْ أَفْلَحَ الْمُؤْمِنُونَ  ﴿ ١ ﴾  الَّذِينَ هُمْ فِي صَلَات ِهِمْ خَاشِعُونَ  ﴿ ٢ ﴾ … وَالَّذِينَ هُمْ عَلَىٰ صَلَوَاتِهِمْ يُحَافِظُونَ  ﴿ ٩ ﴾  أُولَـٰئِكَ هُمُ الْوَارِثُونَ  ﴿ ١٠ ﴾  الَّذِينَ يَرِثُونَ الْفِرْدَوْسَ هُمْ فِيهَا خَالِدُونَ  ﴿ ١١ ﴾ Certainly قَدْ succeeded أَفْلَحَ they هُمْ in فِي On/upon عَلَىٰ With Khushoo ` خَاشِع ) ونَ ( Guard يُحَافِظُ ) ونَ ( Inheritor الْوَارِثُ ) ونَ ( Those أُولَـٰئِكَ To inherit يَرِثُ ) ونَ ( Jannah الْفِرْدَوْسَ Eternally خَالِدُ ) ونَ ( وَأَقِمِ الصَّلَاةَ لِذِكْرِي and establish As- Salat for My Remembrance. Certainly the believers have succeed, [1] They who, during their prayer, are humbly submissive. [2] …And they who carefully maintain their prayers – [9] Those are the inheritors [10] Who will inherit al- Firdaus . They will abide therein eternally [11]. [Al- Mu’minoon ]

The Salaah and Success cont’d : The S alaah and Success cont’d S alaah ( prayer) is undoubtedly the most important act of worship for a Muslim. This is based upon the statement of the Messenger of Allaah ﷺ : “ Indeed the first of his actions for which a servant of Allaah will be held accountable on the Day of Resurrection will be his prayers. If they are in order, then he would have succeeded and if they are wanting then he would have failed and lost.” [At- Tabaraanee ] The call to prayer – the call to success. POINT TO PONDER! Consider the value of the s alaah - If a person’s s alaah is intact then he would be successful on the Day of Judgment . Proper Salaah Success on day of judgment وَأَقِمِ الصَّلَاةَ لِذِكْرِي and establish As- Salat for My Remembrance.

Important Note : Important Note The Believer is the most important creation to Allaah (as stated in Sooratul-Bayyinah ). This is emphasized in the fact that He made s alaah , which is the most loved action to Him and whose aim is for His remembrance the most central thing in the life of a Muslim (five times daily compulsorily – there is nothing else that has this status ). Allaah, the Almighty makes it obligatory to remember Him – it is that important! Sine the believer is most important to Allaah, then Allaah ought to be most important in the heart of every believer. (If this is not the case, then it has to be made thus). The Solaah is one of the best ways to achieve this. Thus , the sensible believer would consciously make the s alaah the axis around which everything of his day rotates so that he can try to perfect it and earn success on the Day of Judgment. Thus, everything in a believer’s life must be linked to the s alaah. وَأَقِمِ الصَّلَاةَ لِذِكْرِي and establish As- Salat for My Remembrance.

Our Method of Studying & Understanding the Salaah : Our Method of Studying & Understanding the S alaah Because of what was discussed above we realise that s alaah has two distinct parts: The internal aspect - which includes khushoo `, ikhlaa s , love for Allaah, hope, niyyah , etc. The external aspect – this is based on the statement of the Messenger of Allaah ﷺ : صَلُّوْا كَـمَا رَأَيْـتُمُوْنِـي أُصَلِّـي “Pray as you see me pray.” [Al- Bukhaaree ] Pray (pl) صَلُّوْا As كَـمَا You (p) saw me رَأَيْـتُمُوْ نِـي I pray أُصَلِّـي

Conclusion : Conclusion Thus, our discussion concerning the s alaah in the other classes will be divided into two distinct parts, in shaa Allaah to help us to realise that the Solaah is not mere rituals but possess a spirit which we need to capture. And Allaah’s help is sought! S alaah is not only the actions of the body but also includes actions of the heart, therefore our discussions would be set out under the following two headings: Striving for khushoo ` The physical actions of the s alaah Since our main objective is to study the Arabic, then the texts we would select for each section would have to be memorized and vocabulary and phrases used in them would be included in our bank of new words which would also have to be learnt . سُبْحَانَكَ اللَّهُمَّ وَبِحَمْدِكَ أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لَا إِلَهَ إَلَّا أَنْتَ أَسْتَغْفِرَكَ وَأَتُوْبَ إِلَيْك

Vocabulary - مُفْرَدَاتٌ : Vocabulary - مُفْرَدَاتٌ 13 God/deity إِلَه ٌ Evil (s) ش َ ر ٌّ شُرُورِ Self ( ves ) ن َ ف ْ س ٌ أَنْفُس ٌ Deed (s) ع َ مَل ٌ أَعْمَال ٌ Bad سَيِّئَ ةٌ سَيِّئَات ٌ Alone وَحْد Partner شَرِيك ٌ Slave عَبْد ٌ They believed ءَامَنُوا You all أَنْتُمْ Muslim (s) مُسْلِمٌ ) ونَ ( Man/men رَجُلٌ رِجَالٌ Woman (en) اِمْرَأَةٌ نِسَاءٌ Indeed + I إِنَّنِي = إِنّ + نِي I أَنَا Worship ! اُعْبُدْ – عَبَدَ يَعْبُدُ Establish! أَقِمِ أَقَامَ يُقِيْمُ The Solaah الصَّلَاةَ Remember + Me ذِكْرِي = ذِكْر + ي To be كَانَ كَانَتْ Upon /on عَلَى Believer Believers الْمُؤْمِنُ ) ونَ ( Enjoined كِتَابًا Time (fixed) مَّوْقُوت Indeed إِنَّ They who الَّذِينَ Believed آمَنُوا Do (p) وَعَمِلُوا Righteous الصَّالِحَاتِ Those أُولَـٰئِكَ They هُمْ Good خَيْرُ creatures الْبَرِيَّةِ Certainly قَدْ succeeded أَفْلَحَ they هُمْ in فِي On/upon عَلَىٰ With Khushoo ` خَاشِع ) ونَ ( Guard يُحَافِظُ ) ونَ ( Inheritor الْوَارِثُ ) ونَ ( Those أُولَـٰئِكَ To inherit يَرِثُ ) ونَ ( Jannah الْفِرْدَوْسَ Eternally خَالِدُ ) ونَ ( Pray (pl) صَلُّوْا As كَـمَا You (p) saw me رَأَيْـتُمُوْ نِـي I pray أُصَلِّـي

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