Teaching with Moodle – Theories & Practice

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Teachers are people who are constantly exposed to new challenges. They are people who are skilled in delivering curricula, motivating learners, and successfully guiding them through the learning process. Above all, teachers are education practitioners with a wide range of experience. Therefore, they tend to explore new challenges from the point of view of explorers, confiding in empirical information. Many teachers think that theory should be left to theoreticians. We learn to think of theories as “removed from reality”, “useless for specific practical issues”, and “belonging to the realm of research”. At university, theories are often presented as ideas someone had and wrote a book about it.

What if theories were more than just ideas published in scholarly articles?

This interactive presentation explores two theories, instructional design theory and sociocultural theory, in the context of teaching and learning with the asynchronous learning management system Moodle. The two theories will be outlined, and the participants will explore how theories can contribute to the understanding of course designers, teachers, and learners of the teaching and learning process in Moodle courses.


Type: ppt

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Presentation Transcript Presentation Transcript

Teaching with Moodle: Theories & Practice : MMVC12 Online Conference August 2012 Presented by Diethild Starkmeth Teaching with Moodle: Theories & Practice

Overview : Overview What is a scientific theory? Theory and Teaching Theory of Instruction (R. Gagné , USA, 1965) Scaffolding Theory (D. Wood, J. Bruner, G. Ross, USA, 1976) Comparison of these theories Moodle, Theory, and Teaching Some links for further reading Teaching with Moodle: Theories & Practice

What is a theory? : What is a theory? Please define the term “theory”. Teaching with Moodle: Theories & Practice

The term “theory” defined. : The term “ theory ” defined. Scientific Theory Essential Criteria T estable hypotheses (falsify – verify) Hypothesis is supported by evidence A theory is consistent with pre-existing theories and other experimental results Additional Criteria A theory can be adapted Occam’s razor (simplest is best) Theoria , θεωρί α " a looking at, viewing, beholding", referring to contemplation or speculation ≠ action . ( Wikipedia “theory”)

A metaphor for the term “theory” : A metaphor for the term “ theory ”

Can theory help teachers? : C an theory help teachers ? What do you think? Can theory help teachers? (Poll) Teaching with Moodle: Theories & Practice

Theory and Teaching : Theory and Teaching Teaching is a complex task. Teaching requires flexibility to adapt the content and its delivery. Teaching is situated in specific social and cultural contexts, defined by institutions and society in general. Theory transcends these contexts and helps us to reflect on them . Theory helps identify specific elements and aspects of teaching . Theory helps define the range of possibilities when adapting content and methods to learners’ needs . Teaching with Moodle: Theories & Practice

Robert Gagné’s Theory of Instruction : Robert Gagn é’s Theory of Instruction

Scaffolding Theory (Wood, Bruner, and Ross) : Scaffolding Theory ( Wood, Bruner, and Ross)

Let`s compare : Theory of Instruction Scaffolding Theory Learning Outcome The learner is able to perform without the help of the expert. Let`s compare Learning Outcomes five categories verbal information intellectual skills cognitive strategies attitudes motor skills

Let`s compare : Theory of Instruction Scaffolding Theory Learner starts with elements within range of his comprehension . Learner must comprehend the solution before performing the task . Let`s compare Conditions of Learning internal conditions : previously learned capabilities of the learner The external conditions : what instruction is provided to the learner?

Let`s compare : Theory of Instruction Scaffolding Theory 6 E lements of S caffolding Recruitment Reduction in degrees of freedom Direction maintenance Marking critical features Frustration control Demonstration Let`s compare 9 Events of Instruction Gain attention Inform learners of objectives Stimulate recall of prior learning Present the content Provide "learning guidance" Elicit performance (practice). Provide feedback Assess performance Enhance retention and transfer to the job

What should Moodle teachers know about theory? : What should Moodle teachers know about theory ? Teaching with Moodle: Theories & Practice

Links to further reading : Teaching with Moodle: Theories & Practice Links to further reading

Questions - Comments : Q uestions - Comments

Thank you for your participation! : Thank you for your participation!

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