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The sagittal plane:
Divides the body into anterior and posterior parts.
Is a horizontal plane.
Lies parallel to the median plane.
Divides the body into upper and lower parts.

In the anatomical position, all the following are true EXCEPT:
The person is standing erect.
Arms are straight by sides.
Legs are crossed.
Palms are facing forwards.

A structure present towards the back of the body is described as:
Anterior.
Posterior.
Superior.
Inferior.

A point present nearer to the origin of a structure is described as:
Superior.
Inferior.
Proximal.
Distal.

Moving two opposing surfaces away from each others is called:
Flexion.
Extension.
Abduction.
Adduction.

All the following are rotatory movements EXCEPT:
Pronation.
Supination.
Protraction.
Eversion.

An example of hyaline cartilage is:
Articular cartilage.
Ear pinna.
Intervertebral disc.
Epiglottis of larynx

All the following are true about hyaline cartilage EXCEPT:
Its matrix is transparent.
It's found in costal cartilages.
It ossifies with age.
It is rich in collagen fibers.

One of the following is an axial bone:
Mandible.
Clavicle.
Hip bone.
Femur.

One of the following is true regarding ossification of bones:
Clavicle ossifies by cartilaginous ossification.
Secondary centers of ossification appear in diaphysis.
Skull vault ossiffies by membranous ossification.
Primary centers of ossification appears after birth.

Pisiform bone is:
Sesamoid bone.
Flat bone.
Irregular bone.
Tarsal bone.

All the following are true about the two ends of a growing bone EXCEPT:
They are called epiphyses.
They contain medullary cavities.
They are covered by hyaline cartilage.
They ossify by secondary centers of ossification.

The most important source of arterial supply for the bone is:
Periosteal arteries.
Nutrient artery.
Metaphyseal arteries.
Arteries of the attached muscles.

The pelvic girdle is formed by:
Scapula alone.
Clavicle alone.
Hip bones.
Clavicle and scapula.

One of the following is a fibrous joint:
Intervertebral disc.
Symphysis pubis.
Epiphyseal cartilage.
Inferior tibio-fibular joint.

A pivot joint is:
Uniaxial.
Biaxial.
Polyaxial.
Plane.

The ankle joint is:
Hinge.
Ellipsoid.
Saddle.
Condylar.

The cardiac muscles are:
Voluntary striated.
Involuntary plane.
Supplied by somatic nerves.
Involuntary striated.

One of the following is true about skeletal muscles:
The distal attachment is the origin.
The proximal attachment is the insertion.
Their fibers are not branched.
They are supplied by autonomic nerves.

An example of bipennate muscle is:
Rectus abdominis.
Rectus femoris.
Deltoid.
Tibialis anterior.

All the following are oblique arrangement of skeletal muscle fibers EXCEPT:
Triangular.
Unipennate.
Bipennate.
Fusiform.

When a skeletal muscle is attached by a fibrous tissue cord, it is called:
Tendon.
Aponeurosis.
Raphe.
Fleshy attachment.

Skin appendages include all the following EXCEPT:
Hair follicles.
Sweat glands.
Sebaceous glands.
Nerve endings.

The dermis of the skin contains all the following EXCEPT:
Sweat glands.
Blood vessels.
Melanocytes.
Hair follicles.

All the following are true about Langer's lines EXCEPT:
They are skin lines.
They are important for surgeons.
They correspond to collagen fibers orientation.
They run horizontally in limbs.

The superficial fascia:
Covers the whole body.
Gives attachments for muscles.
Forms intermuscular septa.
Has no fat content.

All the following are true about the nerve cell EXCEPT:
The cell body contains the nucleus.
The axon is a single long process.
Dendrites transmit impulses away from the cell body.
The junction between two cells is called synapse.

The muscle which initiates the movement is called:
Agonist.
Antagonist.
Synergist.
Fixator.

The number of cervical spinal cord segments is:
5.
7.
8.
12.

The cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) runs in which space:
Extradural space.
Subdural space.
Subarachnoid space.
All of the above.

All the following are parts of the brain stem EXCEPT:
Midbrain.
Diencephalon.
Pons.
Medulla oblongata.

All the following are true about the Spinal nerve EXCEPT:
The dorsal root is sensory.
The ventral root carries impulses away from the CNS.
The dorsal ramus tends to form plexuses.
The trunk is mixed.

The spinal cord in adults ends at the level of lower border of:
1st lumbar vertebra.
2nd lumbar vertebra.
3rd lumbar vertebra.
4th lumbar vertebra.

The preganglionic parasympathetic fibers arise with the following cranial nerves EXCEPT:
Vagus.
Glossopharyngeal.
Hypoglossal.
Oculomotor.

One of the following is a function of the sympathetic nervous system:
Constriction of the pupil.
Slowing of the heart rate.
Stimulation of sweat glands.
Constriction of the bronchi.

All the following are true regarding systemic circulation EXCEPT:
Mitral valve lies between left atrium and left ventricle.
Left atrium recieves blood from pulmonary veins.
Pulmonary artery carries oxygenated blood.
Left atrium recieves oxygenated blood.

The valve between left ventricle and the blood vessel leaving it is the:
Mitral valve.
Tricuspid valve.
Aortic valve.
Pulmonary valve.

Blood vessels that carry blood toward the heart are called:
Arteries.
Veins.
Capillaries.
Lymphatics.

One of the following is true about the veins:
They have an elastic wall.
They are pulsating.
They may contain valves.
They have narrow lumen.

The heart gets its arterial supply through:
Coronary sinus.
Coronary arteries.
Bronchial arteries.
None of the above.

The circulation of blood from the intestine to the liver is called:
Pulmonary circulation.
Portal circulation.
Systemic circulation.
Coronary circulation.

All the following are true about the capillaries EXCEPT:
They are minute channels.
Their walls are very thin.
They are numerous in cartilage.
They allow gas exchange.

The right lymphatic duct drains the lymph from:
Abdomen.
Right lower limb.
Right side of head and neck.
Left upper limb.

All the following are rich in lymphatics EXCEPT:
Mucus membranes.
Serous membranes.
Spinal cord.
Glands.

All the following are true about lymphatic vessels EXCEPT:
They start as lymphatic capillaries.
Lymphatic capillaries are larger than blood capillaries.
They don't have valves.
They are highly permeable.

One of the following is a mixed gland:
Pituitary.
Thyroid.
Adrenal.
Pancreas.

One of the following is NOT an endocrine gland:
Pituitary.
Parathyroid.
Parotid.
Testis.

The Suprarenal gland secretes all the following hormones EXCEPT:
Adrenaline.
Nor-adrenaline.
Vasopressin.
Cortisone.

The hormone which stimulates uterine contraction is:
Growth hormone.
Oxcytocin.
Thyroxine.
Parathyroid hormone.

Which of the following imaging techniques use the radio-waves and doesn't use an ionising radiation:
Plain x-ray.
X-ray with contrast.
Computerized tomography (CT scan).
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).

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Discussion

Aya

thanks dr ahmed :D

2476 days 15 hours 6 minutes ago

Nada Mostafa

Thanx a lot Dr.Ahmed . it is really helpful.. just if u allow me i wanted to ask: in the question regarding diagnostic imaging... doesn't plain x-ray just use radio waves?? it is pretty confusing

2477 days 20 hours 3 minutes ago

Kareem Ahmed Ayman

its written in the book 7 cervical ?!

2480 days 16 hours 15 minutes ago

mahmoud

- ankle joint is an example for hinge joint ??

2483 days 5 hours 18 minutes ago

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