IELTS vocabulary / changes 2 Online Test

The population of the country has trebled in the last 25 years.

{There has been a 'dramatic increase' in the number of people living in the country}

Unemployment has dropped by about 2% every year for the last six years.

{There has been a 'steady decrease' in the number of people out of work}

The government has spent a lot of money improving roads around the country.

{There has been a 'deterioration' in the national road system}

The number of exam passes achieved by students has risen by almost 50%.

{There has been a 'decline' in the exam pass rate}

American tourists have discovered that they can buy more foreign currency with their dollar.

{There has been a 'weakening' of the dollar}

It is now much easier to import goods into the country than it was a few years ago.

{There has been a ' tightening up' of border controls}

We're increasing our stocks of oil before the winter begins.

{We're 'running down' our stocks of oil}

Prices have gone up by about 4% every year since 2008.

{There has been a 'constant rise' in the rate of inflation}

The passs rate for the exam was 3% lower this year than it was last year.

{There has been a 'sharp fall' in the pass rate}

The government is going to reduce the number of conventional weapons in the armed forces.

{The government is going to 'build up' the number of conventional weapons they have}

Deflation has adversely affected many industries around the country.

{There has been a 'growth' in industrial activity}

The rules aren't as strict as they were before.

{There has been a relaxation of the rules}

Last year, 12% of the population worked in industry and 10% worked in agriculture. This year, 14% of the population work in industry and 8% work in agriculture.

{There has been a 'narrowing of the gap' between those working in different sectors of the economy}

Some management roles in the comapny will not exist this time next year.

{Some of the management roles are going to be 'phased out'}

More people are shopping at large supermarkets rather than small local stores.

{There has been an 'upward trend' in the number of people shopping at small local stores}

Her Italian is clearly better now than it was six months ago.

{There has been a 'marked progress' in her Italian}

Nowadays, people live in better houses, drive nicer cars and eat higher-quality food than they did twenty years ago.

{There has been a 'general improvement' in the standard of living}

The company has opened factories in France, Germany and Italy in the last five years.

{The company has witnessed considerable 'expansion' in the last five years}

The governemnt will spend less on social security next year.

{There are going to be 'cuts' in social security spending next year}

Young people nowadays want to see more of the world.

{Young people nowadays want to 'broaden' their horizons}


Test your knowledge of vocabulary related to changes. Develop your vocabulary and become familiar with expressions used to describe changes. This will help prepare you for the (IELTS) International English Language Testing System examination. You can practice and learn more vocabulary by attempting the other IELTS vocabulary tests in this series.

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