The 2001 AP US History Online Test

President Monroe articulated the Monroe Doctrine in his 1823 address to Congress primarily in order to
respond positively to the recent Latin American revolutions
rule out United States involvement in South America
provide a rationale for United States intervention in the Isthmus of Panama
warn European nations against further colonial ventures in the Western Hemisphere
encourage Britain to help the fledgling Latin American states
Which of the following transportation developments opened the West to settlement and trade between 1790 and 1830?
Turnpikes and canals
Railroads and steamships
Turnpikes and railroads
Clipper ships and turnpikes
Canals and railroads
"Reaganomics," or supply-0side economics, led to which of the following?
A decline in unemployment and poverty
Greater tax revenues than government expenditures
Large increases in the incomes of wealthy Americans
An increase in appropriations for school lunches
Lower military expenditures than during the Carter administration
The Compromise of 1850 did which of the following?
Admitted Texas to the Union as a slave state.
Admitted California to the Union under the principles of popular sovereignty.
Prohibited slavery in the District of Columbia.
Enacted a stringent fugitive slave law.
Adjusted the Texas-Mexico boundary.
Pinckney's Treaty with Spain is considered a diplomatic highlight of Washington's administration because it
allowed the United States to use the port of New Orleans
ceded Florida to the United States
invited Americans to settle in Texas
opened Spanish Caribbean ports to American trade
withdrew Spain's military forces from the Caribbean
Which of the following is true of the case of Marbury v. Madison?
It established that Congress had the sole right to formulate national legislation.
It supported Thomas Jefferson in his claim to have "executive review."
It backed William Marbury in his request for a bank charter.
It affirmed the principle of judicial review.
It determined the Senate's right to "advise and consent."
The policy of containment, justified by George Kennan's 1947 analysis of the international situation, called for
blocking the expansion of the Soviet Union's influence
curbing United States foreign investment to limit involvement in world conflict
liberating Eastern Europe from communism
destabilizing the Soviet Union
dividing Germany into zones administered by the United States, Britain, and the Soviet Union
All of the following accurately describe Jefferson's purchase of the Louisiana Territory from France EXCEPT
It opened the Mississippi River permanently to western farmers.
It ended the threat of American Indian raids on western settlements.
It was made possible by the failure of Napoleon's forces to suppress a slave revolt in Haiti.
It showed Jefferson's considerable flexibility in dealing with foreign policy.
It violated Jefferson's own views concerning the strict construction of the Constitution.
France negotiated a treaty of alliance with the new American nation in 1778 following
the defeat of the British General Burgoyne at Saratoga
American naval victories on the Great Lakes
the dispatch of an American peace mission to Britain
an ultimatum by American diplomats
a personal plea by George Washington
The most unpopular and least successful of President Thomas Jefferson's policies was his
advocacy of territorial expansion
handling of the Barbary Coast pirates
reduction of the size of the military
reduction of the national debt
adherence to neutrality in dealing with England and France
Jacksonian Democracy was distinguished by the belief that
an aristocracy posed no danger to the Republic
the National Republicans alone knew what was right for the people
political participation by the common man should be increased
political rights should be granted to women
franchise restrictions should be racially neutral
All of the following contributed to the passage of the Eighteenth Amendment legislating Prohibition in 1919 EXCEPT
the continued efforts of the Anti-Saloon League
the fervor of the First World War lending patriotism to the cause of prohibition
the Progressive belief in social reform
the cumulative impact of state prohibition laws
the high death toll from alcohol-related automobile accidents
In 1890 the most important source of revenue for the federal government was
income taxes
inheritance taxes
sales taxes
liquor taxes
customs duties
The Republican party originated in the mid-1850's as a sectional party committed to which of the following?
Opposition to the further extension of slavery into the territories
Immediate emancipation of the slaves
Repeal of Whig economic policies
Restriction of immigration
Acknowledgment of popular sovereignty as the basis for organizing federal territories
The Wilmot Proviso specifically provided for
the prohibition of slavery in Louisiana Purchase territory
the primacy of federal law over state-legislated Black Codes
the abolition of the international slave trade
the prohibition of slavery in lands acquired from Mexico in the Mexican War
federal return of fugitive slaves
The primary purpose of the Proclamation of 1763 was to
encourage westward colonial migration
avoid conflict with the trans-Appalachian Indians
gain much-needed revenue
drive out French colonists
provide a haven for Catholics
Which of the following statements about African American soldiers during the Civil War is correct?
They were primarily engaged in military campaigns west of the Mississippi.
They were limited to non-combat duty.
They were barred from receiving awards for valor in combat.
For most of the war, they were paid less than White soldiers of equal rank.
For most of the war, they were led by African American officers.
The principal reason for the formation of the Dixiecrat party in 1948 was the opposition of dissident Democrats to President Truman's
establishment of the Central Intelligence Agency
removal of General MacArthur from his military command
support for the Taft-Hartley Act
proposal for civil rights legislation
call for an investigation of the loyalty of all federal employees
In which of the following British North American colonies was slavery legally established by the early 1700's?
The southern colonies only
The middle and southern colonies only
The tobacco- and rice-growing colonies only
All the colonies except Pennsylvania and the New England colonies
All the colonies
All of the following contributed to discontent among soldiers in the Continental Army EXCEPT:
Most soldiers were draftees.
The soldiers feared for the welfare of families back home.
The army had inadequate arms and ammunition.
The army paid soldiers in depreciated paper money.
The army was inadequately fed and clothed.
The flappers of the 1920's challenged traditional American attitudes about women by supporting
a federal birth control and abortion rights protection law
gender equality in salaries
an equal rights amendment
greater freedom in manner of dress and moral behavior
a federal law to establish prenatal clinics in rural areas
"The problem lay buried, unspoken, for many years in the minds of American women. It was a strange stirring, a sense of dissatisfaction, a yearning that women suffered. . .. Each suburban wife struggled with it alone. As she made the beds, shopped for groceries, matched slipcover material, ate peanut butter sandwiches with her children, chauffeured Cub Scouts and Brownies, lay beside h husband at night--she was afraid to ask even of herself the silent question--'Is this all?'" The author of the statement above most likely was
Angelina Grimke
Susan B. Anthony
Betty Friedan
Angela Davis
Phyllis Schlafly
Which of the following emerged during the Progressive Era as the most influential advocate of full political, economic, and social equality for Black Americans?
W. E. B. DuBois
Frederick Douglass
Booker T. Washington
Ida B. Wells
Langston Hughes
Which of the following best describes the situation of freedmen in the decade following the Civil War?
Each was given 40 acres of land and a mule by the Union government.
All were immediately granted political equality by the Emancipation Proclamation.
The majority entered sharecropping arrangements with former masters or other nearby planters.
They were required to pass a literacy test before being granted United States citizenship.
They supported the passage of Black Codes to ensure their economic and political rights.
Which of the following civil rights groups is NOT correctly matched with one of its leading figures?
Southern Christian Leadership Conference. .Marcus Garvey
Black Panthers. .Huey Newton
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. .Roy Wilkins
Black Muslims. .Malcolm X
Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee. .Stokely Carmichael
The leaders of the Progressive movement were primarily
farmers interested in improving agricultural production
immigrant activists attempting to change restrictive immigration laws
representatives of industries seeking higher tariffs
workers concerned with establishing industrial unions
middle-class reformers concerned with urban and consumer issues
The Strategic Arms Limitations Talks (SALT), expanded trade with the Soviet Union, and President Richard Nixon's visit to the People's Republic of China were all facets of the policy of
brinkmanship
deterrence
detente
rollback
liberation
In the last quarter of the nineteenth century, American agriculture was characterized by
a decline in the number of tenant farmers
a decline in foreclosures on Midwestern farms
a decline in the number of farm cooperatives
an increase in wholesale prices for farm products
an increase in acres under cultivation
Wilson's Fourteen Points incorporated all of the following EXCEPT
open diplomacy
freedom of the seas
recognition of Allied economic and territorial agreements made during the war
creation of an international organization to preserve the peace and security of its members
national self-determination
The Supreme Court decision in Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) did which of the following?
Denounced business combinations in restraint of trade.
Sanctioned separate but equal public facilities for African Americans.
Declared that the Fourteenth Amendment applied principally to the protection of corporations.
Defined the Constitution as color-blind.
Empowered Congress to cancel treaties with American Indian tribes unilaterally.
The Republican Presidents of the 1920's favored
membership in the League of Nations
tax cuts for wealthy Americans
stringent federal regulation of American business
reduced American tariffs on foreign imports
forgiveness of European war debts from the First World War
Margaret Sanger is best known for her
contribution to the radical suffragist movement
endorsement of coeducation
advocacy of birth control
presidency of the Women's Christian Temperance Union
organization of the Women's Trade Union League
The Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine expanded America's role in
Central America and the Caribbean
the Philippines
North Africa
Asia
Europe
In his Atlanta Compromise speech, Booker T. Washington called for which of the following?
African American voting rights
An end to racial segregation
Support for African American self-help
Educational equality for African Americans
Racial integration of religious organizations
The American home front in the Second World War is best described as
politically divided over the wisdom of the American war effort
unaffected by ethnic and racial tensions
economically invigorated by military spending
rededicated to the reform efforts of the New Deal
demoralized by food shortages
All of the following have been cited as reasons for the dropping of atomic bombs on Japan in 1945 EXCEPT the need to
block a planned Japanese invasion of the United States
keep the Soviet Union out of the war against Japan
save American lives
demonstrate American superiority in weaponry to the Soviet Union
force the unconditional surrender of Japan
During the 1930's, the Great Depression led to
the nationalization of major industries
the strengthening of the family unit and a higher birth rate
a decline in highway construction
a mass internal migration of Americans looking for work
a decrease in labor union membership
Alexander Hamilton's financial program was most favorable to
western farmers
war veterans
southern planters
eastern merchants
state bankers
During his presidency, Richard Nixon did which of the following?
Supported the use of busing to end racial segregation in public schools.
Intensified conflict between the United States and Japan.
Abolished the Tennessee Valley Authority.
Ended American participation in the war in Vietnam.
Created the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.
By the 1750's, the British colonies on the North American mainland were characterized by all of the following EXCEPT
disdain for British constitutional monarchy
many religious denominations
a society without a hereditary aristocracy
a growing number of non-English settlers
acceptance of slavery as a labor system
Which of the following principles was established by the Dred Scott decision?
Congress could abolish slavery at will.
National legislation could not limit the spread of slavery in the territories.
The rights of all people are protected by the Constitution.
Slaves residing in a free state automatically became free.
Through squatter sovereignty, a territory had the sole right to determine the status of slavery within its territorial limits.
In the 1930's, the movement led by Dr. Francis Townsend contributed to congressional approval of a law
insuring the bank deposits of consumers
securing federal protection of labor union organizers
providing larger federal subsidies to farmers
implementing a federal program of old-age benefits
protecting ethnic minorities from discrimination
Which of the following statements about Africans brought as slaves to the British North American colonies is true?
They were the primary labor source for plantations in the Chesapeake by 1630.
They had a much lower life expectancy in the Chesapeake than in South Carolina or the West Indies.
They greatly outnumbered Europeans in every colony south of the Mason-Dixon Line by 1776.
They maintained cultural practices brought from Africa.
They were the primary labor source in Pennsylvania until 1720.
From the 1880's to the beginning of the New Deal, the dominant American Indian policy of the United States government sought to
strengthen traditional tribal authority
relocate all American Indians to the Oklahoma territory
encourage American Indian emigration to Canada
encourage American Indians to preserve their languages and religions
break up tribal landholdings
The precipitating factor in the 1894 Pullman strike was Pullman's
dismissal of union workers
introduction of scrip in part payment of wages
retraction of its promise to provide an employee insurance and retirement plan
employment of immigrant labor at less than a living wage
cutting of wages without proportionate cuts in company housing rents
The Navigation Acts were part of the British policy known as
isolationism
capitalism
mercantilism
monopolism
imperialism
All of the following contributed to the growth of the free African American population in the United States in the early nineteenth century EXCEPT
the gradual emancipation laws of individual states
manumission granted for Revolutionary War service
manumission granted by slaveholders' wills
natural increase among free African Americans
federal constitutional provisions for emancipation
One means by which President Hoover attempted to fight the Great Depression was
the establishment of the Tennessee Valley Authority
the establishment of the Reconstruction Finance Corporation
a lowering of barriers to free trade
the early payment of bonuses to veterans
direct government aid to the needy
The majority of White families in the antebellum South owned
more than 100 slaves
50 to 100 slaves
10 to 50 slaves
5 to 10 slaves
no slaves
In the United States, the Haitian rebellion of the 1790's prompted
the acquisition of Puerto Rico for colonization by emancipated slaves
a movement of free African Americans to Haiti
the passage of a federal law increasing the severity of punishments for slave rebellions
an increased fear of slave revolts in the South
a military expedition of southern slaveholders to restore French rule in Haiti
In the decade following the Second World War, the Supreme Court decision that had the most widespread consequences concerned which of the following?
Immigration policy
Congressional reapportionment
The rights of minority groups
The jurisdiction of courts in determining war guild
The federal government's powers of taxation
After the Revolution, the concept of the "republican mother" suggested that
women would be responsible for raising their children, especially their sons, to be virtuous citizens of the young republic
voting would soon become a privilege granted to educated and/or married women
the first duty of mothers was to serve the needs of government
wives and mothers would be welcome in the emerging political parties
women's virtues had been the inspiration for the ideals of the Revolution
The Missouri Compromise did which of the following?
Prohibited slavery in all the territory of the Louisiana Purchase.
Provided for admission to the Union of all future states in pairs of one free, one slave.
Allowed Maine to enter the Union as a free state.
Finally settled the question of congressional power over slavery in the territories.
Provided for the annexation of Texas.
"Let Southern oppressors tremble ... I shall strenuously contend for immediate enfranchisement ... I will be as harsh as truth and as uncompromising as justice." The author of the statement above was
John C. Calhoun
Stephen A. Douglas
Henry Clay
Abraham Lincoln
William L. Garrison
President Jackson resisted the admission of Texas into the Union in 1836 primarily because he
acknowledged the legitimacy of the Mexican government's claim to Texas
feared that debate over the admission of Texas would ignite controversy about slavery
was ideologically opposed to territorial expansion
could find no support within his own party for admitting Texas
believed that admitting Texas would violate international law
Which of the following was true of most Puritans who emigrated to seventeenth-century New England?
They had renounced the Church of England.
They rejected the authority of the English king.
They considered themselves non-Separatists.
They approved of the Crown's religious policy.
They intended to return eventually to England.
The Dutch settled New Netherland primarily to
secure a refuge for the persecuted
check the growth of English colonies in North America
expand their commercial and mercantile network
gain colonies to produce agricultural surpluses
secure naval supplies
Jacob Riis's How the Other Half Lives is a study of
Jim Crow segregation and its effect on African Americans
the plight of Great Plains farmers in the 1890's
immigrant urban poverty and despair in the 1890's
the corruption in city political machines in the 1890's
the rise of industrial capitalists in the late nineteenth century
Which of the following best characterizes the writings of American authors F. Scott Fitzgerald, e. e. cummings, and Sinclair Lewis?
Disillusionment with modern American society
Glorification of modern American capitalism
Celebration of Black culture
Glamorization of war
Reaffirmation of traditional American values
Major domestic developments in the United States during President Eisenhower's two terms included all of the following EXCEPT
a rise in the gross national product (GNP)
the dismantling of New Deal welfare programs
the peaking of the postwar baby boom
the exodus of Black families from the rural South
the beginning of construction of an interstate highway system
Which of the following was a serious constitutional question after the Civil War?
The restoration of the power of the federal judiciary
The legality of the national banking system
The political and legal status of the former Confederate states
The relationship between the United States and Britain
The proposed annexation of Colombia
The first massive migration of Black Americans from the South occurred during which of the following periods?
Immediately following the Civil War
During and immediately after the First World War
During the Great Depression
In the decade after the Second World War
During the civil rights movement of the 1960's
Which of the following is true of the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution?
It ended the Vietnam War.
It barely passed in Congress, reflecting the bitter division over American involvement in Vietnam.
It was a statement of American policy that followed the Tet offensive.
It allowed the President to deploy combat troops in South Vietnam.
It provided for the first peace negotiations between the United States and North Vietnam.
The Federalist papers challenged the conventional political wisdom of the eighteenth century when they asserted that
a republican form of government could succeed only in small countries
limitations on the popular will led to tyranny
a weak central government was the only guarantee of individual rights
a large republic offered the best protection of minority rights
political parties were crucial to the success of the new government.
William Jennings Bryan's "Cross of Gold" oration was primarily an expression of his
fundamentalist religious belief
neutral stance toward the belligerents of the First World War
advocacy of free and unlimited coinage of silver
opposition to teaching the theory of evolution in public schools
anti-imperialist convictions
Which of the following was true of the United States Constitution as adopted at the Constitutional Convention?
It was built on a series of compromises.
It provided exact specifications covering all aspects of government.
It was a revised version of the English Constitution.
It included a Bill of Rights.
It allowed all male citizens over the age of twenty-one to vote.
Progressive reformers rejected Social Darwinism because they believed that
all races were equal in ability
personal development was influenced solely by hereditary factors
conflict and competition did not necessarily improve society
science had no role in society
society was fixed by the laws of nature and incapable of significant change
Which of the following is a correct statement about college-level education in the twentieth-century United States?
State universities increased scholarship aid during the Depression.
Private universities raised admission standards during the 1940's.
The GI Bill financed the education of male students during the post-Second World War era.
The "baby boomers" finished college in large numbers in the 1950's.
There was a sharp decline in college enrollment during the Vietnam War.
Prior to the Civil War, a transformation occurred in the workforce of the New England textile mills as New England farm girls were replaced by
French-Canadian immigrants
freed African Americans from the South
Irish immigrants
German immigrants
Italian immigrants
The immediate effect of Andrew Jackson's attach on the Second Bank of the United States in 1834 was
the creation of the "independent treasury"
an expansion of credit and speculation
the failure of state banks
the establishment of modern banking regulations
the creation of a federal deficit
The Jefferson administration advocated which of the following changes as a means of restoring republican ideals?
Abolishing the Bank of the United States
Reducing the scope of activities of the federal government
Discontinuing the funding of state debts
Increasing the size of the United States military
Adopting the Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions at the national level
The goal of the American Colonization Society was to
return freed slaves to Africa
recruit immigrant labor for American factories
assimilate recent immigrants into American society
extend United States influence to overseas colonies
promote western expansion by funding internal improvements
One of the immediate consequences of the Tet offensive in 1968 was that
President Johnson completed the process of Vietnamization
North Vietnamese troops took control of Saigon
popular support for the war declined in the United States
the South Vietnamese government was overthrown
Congress gave greater support to President Johnson's war policies
Influential critics of the 1950's, such as David Riesman, were most concerned with which of the following aspects of life in the United States following the Second World War?
Alienation and conformity in modern society
Schooling for the baby-boom generation
The economic responsibilities of being a world superpower
The threat to the nation from communist subversion
The spread of political corruption
Throughout the first half of the nineteenth century, women reformers were most active in the cause of
temperance
woman suffrage
pacifism
immigrants' rights
workers' rights
Suring the Great Depression, the federal government responded with force when
the communist-dominated National Mine Workers' Union denounced the American government and flag
audiences booed newsreels showing President Herbert Hoover
mobs of farmers tried to prevent foreclosures on farms and threatened to lynch judges who allowed them
the Bonus Expeditionary Force encamped in Washington
protesters displayed "Hoover flags," empty pockets turned inside out
The primary power granted to the Civil Rights Commission created in 1957 was the authority to
investigate and report on cases involving discrimination
issue writs to enforce its decisions after a hearing
initiate court cases to challenge gender discrimination
fine employers found guilty of discriminatory hiring practices
grant monetary awards to victims of discrimination
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This test covers questions from US History. This is an useful test for AP History as well.

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