Algebra Practice Workbook

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Lesson 1-1 Practice Variables and Expressions NAME ______________________________________________ DATE______________ PERIOD _____ Chapter 1 9 Glencoe Algebra 1 1-1 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Write an algebraic expression for each verbal expression. 1. the difference of 10 and u 2. the sum of 18 and a number 3. the product of 33 and j 4. 74 increased by 3 times y 5. 15 decreased by twice a number 6. 91 more than the square of a number 7. three fourths the square of b 8. two fifths the cube of a number Evaluate each expression. 9. 112 10. 83 11. 54 12. 45 13. 93 14. 64 15. 105 16. 123 17. 1004 Write a verbal expression for each algebraic expression. 18. 23f 19. 73 20. 5m2 2 21. 4d3 10 22. x3 y4 23. b2 3c3 24. 25. 26. BOOKS A used bookstore sells paperback fiction books in excellent condition for $2.50 and in fair condition for $0.50. Write an expression for the cost of buying e excellent-condition paperbacks and f fair-condition paperbacks. 27. GEOMETRY The surface area of the side of a right cylinder can be found by multiplying twice the number by the radius times the height. If a circular cylinder has radius r and height h, write an expression that represents the surface area of its side. 4n2 7 k5 6Chapter 1 16 Glencoe Algebra 1 Practice Order of Operations NAME ______________________________________________ DATE______________ PERIOD _____ 1-2 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Evaluate each expression. 1. (15 5) 2 2. 9 (3 4) 3. 5 7 4 4. 12 5 6 2 5. 7 9 4(6 7) 6. 8 (2 2) 7 7. 4(3 5) 5 4 8. 22 11 9 32 9. 62 3 7 9 10. 3[10 (27 9)] 11. 2[52 (36 6)] 12. 162 [6(7 4)2] 13. 14. 15. Evaluate each expression if a 12, b 9, and c 4. 16. a2 b c2 17. b2 2a c2 18. 2c(a b) 19. 4a 2b c2 20. (a2 4b) c 21. c2 (2b a) 22. 23. 24. 25. CAR RENTAL For Exercises 26 and 27, use the following information. Ann Carlyle is planning a business trip for which she needs to rent a car. The car rental company charges $36 per day plus $0.50 per mile over 100 miles. Suppose Ms. Carlyle rents the car for 5 days and drives 180 miles. 26. Write an expression for how much it will cost Ms. Carlyle to rent the car. 27. Evaluate the expression to determine how much Ms. Carlyle must pay the car rental company. GEOMETRY For Exercises 28 and 29, use the following information. The length of a rectangle is 3n 2 and its width is n 1. The perimeter of the rectangle is twice the sum of its length and its width. 28. Write an expression that represents the perimeter of the rectangle. 29. Find the perimeter of the rectangle when n 4 inches. b2 2c2 a c b 2(a b)2 5c 2c3 ab 4 bc2 ac 7 32 42 2 (2 5)2 4 32 5 52 4 5 42 5(4)Chapter 1 24 Glencoe Algebra 1 Practice Open Sentences 1-3 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Find the solution of each equation if the replacement sets are A 0, , 1, , 2and B {3, 3.5, 4, 4.5, 5}. 1. a1 2. 4b 8 6 3. 6a 18 27 4. 7b 8 16.5 5. 120 28a 78 6. 9 16 Find the solution of each equation using the given replacement set. 7. x ; , , , , 8. (x 2) ; , 1, 1 , 2, 2 9. 1.4(x 3) 5.32; {0.4, 0.6, 0.8, 1.0, 1.2} 10. 12(x 4) 76.8 ; {2, 2.4, 2.8, 3.2, 3.6} Solve each equation. 11. x 18.3 4.8 12. w 20.2 8.95 13. d 14. k 15. y 16. p Find the solution set for each inequality using the given replacement set. 17. a 7 10; {2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7} 18. 3y 42; {10, 12, 14, 16, 18} 19. 4x 2 5; {0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 2.5} 20. 4b 4 3; {1.2, 1.4, 1.6, 1.8, 2.0} 21. 2; {0, 2, 4, 6, 8, 10} 22. 4a 3; , , , , , 23. TEACHING A teacher has 15 weeks in which to teach six chapters. Write and then solve an equation that represents the number of lessons the teacher must teach per week if there is an average of 8.5 lessons per chapter. LONG DISTANCE For Exercises 24 and 25, use the following information. Gabriel talks an average of 20 minutes per long-distance call. During one month, he makes eight in-state long-distance calls averaging $2.00 each. A 20-minute state-to-state call costs Gabriel $1.50. His long-distance budget for the month is $20. 24. Write an inequality that represents the number of 20 minute state-to-state calls Gabriel can make this month. 25. What is the maximum number of 20-minute state-to-state calls that Gabriel can make this month? 34 58 12 38 14 18 3y5 5(22) 4(3) 4(23 4) 4(22 4) 3(6) 6 97 25 41 23 37 918 11 12 12 12 27 8 34 23 58 712 13 24 12 17 12 78 28 b 12 32 12 873946 Alg1 CH01 EP3 NAME ______________________________________________ DATE______________ PERIOD _____Chapter 1 32 Glencoe Algebra 1 Practice Identity and Equality Properties 1-4 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Name the property used in each equation. Then find the value of n. 1. n 9 9 2. (8 7)(4) n(4) 3. 5n 1 4. n 0.5 0.1 0.5 5. 49n 0 6. 12 12 n Evaluate each expression. Name the property used in each step. 7. 2 6(9 32) 2 8. 5(14 39 3) 4 SALES For Exercises 9 and 10, use the following information. Althea paid $5.00 each for two bracelets and later sold each for $15.00. She paid $8.00 each for three bracelets and sold each of them for $9.00. 9. Write an expression that represents the profit Althea made. 10. Evaluate the expression. Name the property used in each step. GARDENING For Exercises 11 and 12, use the following information. Mr. Katz harvested 15 tomatoes from each of four plants. Two other plants produced four tomatoes each, but Mr. Katz only harvested one fourth of the tomatoes from each of these. 11. Write an expression for the total number of tomatoes harvested. 12. Evaluate the expression. Name the property used in each step. 14 NAME ______________________________________________ DATE______________ PERIOD _____Practice The Distributive Property 1-5 1-5 Chapter 1 39 Glencoe Algebra 1 Lesson 1-5Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Rewrite each expression using the Distributive Property. Then simplify. 1. 9(7 8) 2. 7(6 4) 3. 6(b 4) 4. (9 p)3 5. (5y 3)7 6. 15f 7. 16(3b 0.25) 8. m(n 4) 9. (c 4)d Use the Distributive Property to find each product. 10. 9 499 11. 7 110 12. 21 1004 13. 12 2.5 14. 272 15. 164 Simplify each expression. If not possible, write simplified. 16. w 14w 6w 17. 3(5 6h) 18. 14(2r 3) 19. 12b2 9b2 20. 25t3 17t3 21. c2 4d2 d2 22. 3a2 6a 2b2 23. 4(6p 2q 2p) 24. x x DINING OUT For Exercises 25 and 26, use the following information. The Ross family recently dined at an Italian restaurant. Each of the four family members ordered a pasta dish that cost $11.50, a drink that cost $1.50, and dessert that cost $2.75. 25. Write an expression that could be used to calculate the cost of the Ross’ dinner before adding tax and a tip. 26. What was the cost of dining out for the Ross family? ORIENTATION For Exercises 27 and 28, use the following information. Madison College conducted a three-day orientation for incoming freshmen. Each day, an average of 110 students attended the morning session and an average of 160 students attended the afternoon session. 27. Write an expression that could be used to determine the total number of incoming freshmen who attended the orientation. 28. What was the attendance for all three days of orientation? x3 23 14 13 13 NAME ______________________________________________ DATE______________ PERIOD _____Chapter 1 46 Glencoe Algebra 1 Practice Commutative and Associative Properties 1-6 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Evaluate each expression. 1. 13 23 12 7 2. 6 5 10 3 3. 7.6 3.2 9.4 1.3 4. 3.6 0.7 5 5. 7 2 1 6. 3 3 16 Simplify each expression. 7. 9s2 3t s2 t 8. (p 2n) 7p 9. 6y 2(4y 6) 10. 2(3x y) 5(x 2y) 11. 3(2c d) 4(c 4d) 12. 6s 2(t 3s) 5(s 4t) 13. 5(0.6b 0.4c) b 14. q 2q r15. Write an algebraic expression for four times the sum of 2a and b increased by twice the sum of 6a and 2b. Then simplify, indicating the properties used. SCHOOL SUPPLIES For Exercises 16 and 17, use the following information. Kristen purchased two binders that cost $1.25 each, two binders that cost $4.75 each, two packages of paper that cost $1.50 per package, four blue pens that cost $1.15 each, and four pencils that cost $.35 each. 16. Write an expression to represent the total cost of supplies before tax. 17. What was the total cost of supplies before tax? GEOMETRY For Exercises 18 and 19, use the following information. The lengths of the sides of a pentagon in inches are 1.25, 0.9, 2.5, 1.1, and 0.25. 18. Using the commutative and associative properties to group the terms in a way that makes evaluation convenient, write an expression to represent the perimeter of the pentagon. 19. What is the perimeter of the pentagon? 12 14 12 13 34 29 19 NAME ______________________________________________ DATE______________ PERIOD _____Practice Logical Reasoning and Counterexamples Chapter 1 53 Glencoe Algebra 1 Lesson 1-7 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 1-7 Identify the hypothesis and conclusion of each statement. 1. If it is raining, then the meteorologist’s prediction was accurate. 2. If x 4, then 2x 3 11. Identify the hypothesis and conclusion of each statement. Then write the statement in if-then form. 3. When Joseph has a fever, he stays home from school. 4. Two congruent triangles are similar. Determine whether a valid conclusion follows from the statement If two numbers are even, then their product is even for the given condition. If a valid conclusion does not follow, write no valid conclusion and explain why. 5. The product of two numbers is 12. 6. Two numbers are 8 and 6. Find a counterexample for each statement. 7. If the refrigerator stopped running, then there was a power outage. 8. If 6h 7 5, then h 2. GEOMETRY For Exercises 9 and 10, use the following information. If the perimeter of a rectangle is 14 inches, then its area is 10 square inches. 9. State a condition in which the hypothesis and conclusion are valid. 10. Provide a counterexample to show the statement is false. 11. ADVERTISING A recent television commercial for a car dealership stated that “no reasonable offer will be refused.” Identify the hypothesis and conclusion of the statement. Then write the statement in if-then form. NAME ______________________________________________ DATE______________ PERIOD _____Chapter 1 60 Glencoe Algebra 1 Practice Number Systems 1-8 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Find each square root. If necessary, round to the nearest hundredth. 1. 324 2. 62 3. 25 4. 84 5. 6. 7. 0.081 8. 3.06 Name the set or sets of numbers to which each real number belongs. 9. 93 10. 0.062 511. 12. Graph each solution set. 13. x 0.5 14. x 3.5 Replace each ● with , , or to make each sentence true. 15. 0.93● 0.93 16. 8.17● 66 17. ● Write each set of numbers in order from least to greatest. 18. 0.03 , , 0.1719. , 8, 20. 8.5 , , 2 21. SIGHTSEEING The distance you can see to the horizon is given by the formula d 1.5h , where d is the distance in miles and h is the height in feet above the horizon line. Mt. Whitney is the highest point in the contiguous 48 states. Its elevation is 14,494 feet. The lowest elevation, at 282 feet, is located near Badwater, California. With a clear enough sky and no obstructions, could you see from the top of Mt. Whitney to Badwater if the distance between them is 135 miles? Explain. 22. SEISMIC WAVES A tsunami is a seismic wave caused by an earthquake on the ocean floor. You can use the formula s 3.1d, where s is the speed in meters per second and d is the depth of the ocean in meters, to determine the speed of a tsunami. If an earthquake occurs at a depth of 200 meters, what is the speed of the tsunami generated by the earthquake? 19 20 35 2 78 84 30 28 556 2 1 4 3 0 1 2 3 4 144 3 87 712 4289 NAME ______________________________________________ DATE______________ PERIOD _____Chapter 1 68 Glencoe Algebra 1 Practice Functions and Graphs 1-9 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 1. The graph below represents the height of a 2. The graph below represents a tsunami (tidal wave) as it approaches shore. student taking an exam. Describe Describe what is happening in the graph. what is happening in the graph. 3. FOREST FIRES A forest fire grows slowly at first, then rapidly as the wind increases. After firefighters answer the call, the fire grows slowly for a while, but then the firefighters contain the fire before extinguishing it. Which graph represents this situation? A B C INTERNET NEWS SERVICE For Exercises 4–6, use the table that shows the monthly charges for subscribing to an independent news server. 4. Write the ordered pairs the table represents. 5. Draw a graph of the data. Is the function discrete or continuous? 6. Use the data to predict the cost of subscribing for 9 months. 7. SAVINGS Jennifer deposited a sum of money in her account and then deposited equal amounts monthly for 5 months, nothing for 3 months, and then resumed equal monthly deposits. Sketch a reasonable graph of the account history. Time Account Balance ($) Number of Months Total Cost ($) 1 0 3 5 2 4 6 27.00 22.50 18.00 13.50 9.00 4.50 Number of Months 1 2 3 4 5 Total Cost ($) 4.50 9.00 13.50 18.00 22.50 Time Area Burning Time Area Burning Time Area Burning Time Number of Questions Answered Time Height NAME ______________________________________________ DATE______________ PERIOD _____Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Lesson 2-1 Practice Writing Equations NAME ______________________________________________ DATE______________ PERIOD _____ Chapter 2 9 Glencoe Algebra 1 2-1 Translate each sentence into an equation. 1. Fifty-three plus four times c is as much as 21. 2. The sum of five times h and twice g is equal to 23. 3. One fourth the sum of r and ten is identical to r minus 4. 4. Three plus the sum of the squares of w and x is 32. Translate each sentence into a formula. 5. Degrees Kelvin K equals 273 plus degrees Celsius C. 6. The total cost C of gas is the price p per gallon times the number of gallons g. 7. The sum S of the measures of the angles of a polygon is equal to 180 times the difference of the number of sides n and 2. Translate each equation into a verbal sentence. 8. q (4 p) q 9. t 2 t 10. 9(y2 x) 18 11. 2(m n) v 7 Write a problem based on the given information. 12. a cost of one adult’s ticket to zoo 13. c regular cost of one airline ticket a 4 cost of one children’s ticket to zoo 0.20c amount of 20% promotional discount 2a 4(a 4) 38 3(c 0.20c) 330 14. GEOGRAPHY About 15% of all federally-owned land in the 48 contiguous states of the United States is in Nevada. If F represents the area of federally-owned land in these states, and N represents the portion in Nevada, write an equation for this situation. FITNESS For Exercises 15–17, use the following information. Deanna and Pietra each go for walks around a lake a few times per week. Last week, Deanna walked 7 miles more than Pietra. 15. If p represents the number of miles Pietra walked, write an equation that represents the total number of miles T the two girls walked. 16. If Pietra walked 9 miles during the week, how many miles did Deanna walk? 17. If Pietra walked 11 miles during the week, how many miles did the two girls walk together? 35 13Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Chapter 2 16 Glencoe Algebra 1 Practice Solving Equations by Using Addition and Subtraction 3-2 2-2 Solve each equation. Then check your solution. 1. d 8 17 2. v 12 5 3. b 2 11 4. 16 s 71 5. 29 a 76 6. 14 y 2 7. 8 (c) 1 8. 78 r 15 9. f (3) 9 10. 4.2 n 7.3 11. w 1.9 2.5 12. 4.6 (b) 0.4 13. y (1.5) 0.5 14. a 0.13 0.58 15. k (4.21) 19 16. r17. q 18. h 19. x 20. y21.(n) Write an equation for each problem. Then solve the equation and check your solution. 22. What number minus 9 is equal to 18? 23. A number plus 15 equals 12. What is the number? 24. The sum of a number and 3 is equal to 91. Find the number. 25. Negative seventeen equals 63 plus a number. What is the number? 26. The sum of negative 14, a number, and 6 is 5. What is the number? 27. What number plus one half is equal to three eighths? HISTORY For Exercises 28 and 29, use the following information. Galileo Galilei was born in 1564. Many years later, in 1642, Sir Isaac Newton was born. 28. Write an addition equation to represent the situation. 29. How many years after Galileo was born was Isaac Newton born? HURRICANES For Exercises 30 and 31, use the following information. The day after a hurricane, the barometric pressure in a coastal town has risen to 29.7 inches of mercury, which is 2.9 inches of mercury higher than the pressure when the eye of the hurricane passed over. 30. Write an addition equation to represent the situation. 31. What was the barometric pressure when the eye passed over? 712 78 34 45 712 14 25 13 23 59 910 15 NAME ______________________________________________ DATE______________ PERIOD _____Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Practice Solving Equations by Using Multiplication and Division Chapter 2 23 Glencoe Algebra 1 Lesson 2-3 Solve each equation. Then check your solution. 1. 8j 96 2. 13z 39 3. 180 15m 4. 243 27c 5. 8 6.8 7. 8. 9. 10. 1 t 11. w 9 12. s 4 13. 3x 14. a 15. h 16. 5n 17. 2.5k 20 18. 3.4e 3.74 19. 1.7b 2.21 20. 0.26p 0.104 21. 4.2q 3.36 Write an equation for each problem. Then solve the equation. 22. Negative nine times a number equals 117. Find the number. 23. Negative one eighth of a number is . What is the number? 24. Five sixths of a number is . Find the number. 25. 2.7 times a number equals 8.37. What is the number? 26. One and one fourth times a number is one and one third. What is the number? 27. PUBLISHING Two units of measure used in publishing are the pica and the point. A pica is one sixth of an inch. There are 12 points in a pica, so Points 12 · Picas. How many picas are equivalent to 108 points? ROLLER COASTERS For Exercises 28 and 29, use the following information. Kingda Ka in New Jersey is the tallest and fastest roller coaster in the world. Riders travel at an average speed of 61 feet per second for 3118 feet. They reach a maximum speed of 187 feet per second. 28. If x represents the total time that the roller coaster is in motion for each ride, write an expression to represent the sitation. (Hint: Use the distance formula d rt.) 29. How long is the roller coaster in motion? 59 34 11 4 11 6 53 43 85 32 315 38 47 16 q24 29 g27 45 a15 j12 y9 2-3 NAME ______________________________________________ DATE______________ PERIOD _____Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Chapter 2 30 Glencoe Algebra 1 Practice Solving Multi-Step Equations NAME ______________________________________________ DATE______________ PERIOD _____ 2-4 Solve each problem by working backward. 1. Three is added to a number, and then the sum is multiplied by 4. The result is 16. Find the number. 2. A number is divided by 4, and the quotient is added to 3. The result is 24. What is the number? 3. Two is subtracted from a number, and then the difference is multiplied by 5. The result is 30. Find the number. 4. BIRD WATCHING While Michelle sat observing birds at a bird feeder, one fourth of the birds flew away when they were startled by a noise. Two birds left the feeder to go to another stationed a few feet away. Three more birds flew into the branches of a nearby tree. Four birds remained at the feeder. How many birds were at the feeder initially? Solve each equation. Then check your solution. 5. 12n 19 77 6. 17 3f 14 7. 15t 4 49 8. 6 2 9. 3 15 10. 6 2 11. y12. 32 f 17 13. 8 k 4 14. 1 15. 9 16. 16 17. 0.5 2.5 18. 2.5g 0.45 0.95 19. 0.4m 0.7 0.22 Write an equation and solve each problem. 20. Seven less than four times a number equals 13. What is the number? 21. Find two consecutive odd integers whose sum is 116. 22. Find two consecutive even integers whose sum is 126. 23. Find three consecutive odd integers whose sum is 117. 24. COIN COLLECTING Jung has a total of 92 coins in his coin collection. This is 8 more than three times the number of quarters in the collection. How many quarters does Jung have in his collection? x7 3k 75 15 a3 r 13 12 38 35 78 18 12 b3 d4 u5Practice Solving Equations with the Variable on Each Side Chapter 2 37 Glencoe Algebra 1 Lesson 2-5Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Solve each equation. Then check your solution. 1. 5x 3 13 3x 2. 4c 11 4c 21 3. 1 s 6 6s 4. 14 5n 4n 17 5. k 3 2 k 6. (6 z) z 7. 3(2 3x) 9x 4 8. 4(4 w) 3(2w 2) 9. 9(4b 1) 2(9b 3) 10. 3(6 5y) 2(5 4y) 11. 5x 10 2 (x 4) 12. 6 2(3j 2) 4(1 j) 13. t t 3 t 14. 1.4f 1.1 8.3 f 15. xx 16. 2 z z 9 17. (3g 2) 18. (c 1) (3c 5) 19. (5 2h) 20. (2m 16) (2m 4) 21. 3(d 8) 5 9(d 2) 1 22. 2(a 8) 7 5(a 2) 3a 19 23. Two thirds of a number reduced by 11 is equal to 4 more than the number. Find the number. 24. Five times the sum of a number and 3 is the same as 3 multiplied by 1 less than twice the number. What is the number? 25. NUMBER THEORY Tripling the greater of two consecutive even integers gives the same result as subtracting 10 from the lesser even integer. What are the integers? 26. GEOMETRY The formula for the perimeter of a rectangle is P 22w, where is the length and w is the width. A rectangle has a perimeter of 24 inches. Find its dimensions if its length is 3 inches greater than its width. 13 19 h2 14 16 13 g6 12 18 34 56 12 16 23 32 52 12 34 12 2-5 NAME ______________________________________________ DATE______________ PERIOD _____Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Practice Ratios and Proportions Chapter 2 45 Glencoe Algebra 1 Lesson 2-6 Use cross products to determine whether each pair of ratios forms a proportion. Write yes or no. 1. , 2. , 3. , 4. , 5. , 6. , 7. , 8. , 9. , Solve each proportion. If necessary, round to the nearest hundredth. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. PAINTING Ysidra paints a room that has 400 square feet of wall space in 2 hours. At this rate, how long will it take her to paint a room that has 720 square feet of wall space? 35. VACATION PLANS Walker is planning a summer vacation. He wants to visit Petrified National Forest and Meteor Crater, Arizona, the 50,000-year-old impact site of a large meteor. On a map with a scale where 2 inches equals 75 miles, the two areas are about 1 inches apart. What is the distance between Petrified National Forest and Meteor Crater? 12 12 x 26 37 57 r 27 x 14 512 24 m 18 2y6 312 14 6 7a4 30.51 6n 12 b 30.72 71.61 v0.23 58 m6 56 3q 8c 79 2a 14 49 64 g16 12 h 661 z17 351 35 x 511 10 60 2y 48 9 y3 27 162 3u 4w 28 49 k7 40 56 34 23 v46 30 54 5a 3.9 0.9 7.6 1.8 2.9 2.4 1.7 1.2 7.14 10.92 3.4 5.2 16 1.5 9 72 81 89 108 99 12 11 36 48 18 24 15 66 311 52 48 76 2-6 NAME ______________________________________________ DATE______________ PERIOD _____Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Chapter 2 52 Glencoe Algebra 1 Practice Percent of Change NAME ______________________________________________ DATE______________ PERIOD _____ 2-7 State whether each percent of change is a percent of increase or a percent of decrease. Then find each percent of change. Round to the nearest whole percent. 1. original: 18 2. original: 140 3. original: 200 new: 10 new: 160 new: 320 4. original: 10 5. original: 76 6. original: 128 new: 25 new: 60 new: 120 7. original: 15 8. original: 98.6 9. original: 58.8 new: 35.5 new: 64 new: 65.7 Find the total price of each item. 10. concrete blocks: $95.00 11. crib: $240.00 12. jacket: $125.00 tax: 6% tax: 6.5% tax: 5.5% 13. class ring: $325.00 14. blanket: $24.99 15. kite: $18.90 tax: 6% tax: 7% tax: 5% Find the discounted price of each item. 16. dry cleaning: $25.00 17. computer game: $49.99 18. luggage: $185.00 discount: 15% discount: 25% discount: 30% 19. stationery: $12.95 20. prescription glasses: $149 21. pair of shorts: $24.99 discount: 10% discount: 20% discount: 45% Find the final price of each item. 22. television: $375.00 23. DVD player: $269.00 24. printer: $255.00 discount: 25% discount: 20% discount: 30% tax: 6% tax: 7% tax: 5.5% 25. INVESTMENTS The price per share of a stock decreased from $90 per share to $36 per share early in 2006. By what percent did the price of the stock decrease? 26. HEATING COSTS Customers of a utility company received notices in their monthly bills that heating costs for the average customer had increased 125% over last year because of an unusually severe winter. In January of last year, the Garcia’s paid $120 for heating. What should they expect to pay this January if their bill increased by 125%?Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Chapter 2 60 Glencoe Algebra 1 Practice Solving Equations and Formulas NAME ______________________________________________ DATE______________ PERIOD _____ 2-8 Solve each equation or formula for the variable specified. 1. d rt, for r 2. 6w y 2z, for w 3. mx 4y 3c, for x 4. 9s 5g 4u, for s 5. ab 3c 2d, for b 6. 2p kx q, for x 7. m a a c, for m 8. h g d, for h 9. y v s, for y 10. a q k, for a 11. h, for x 12. c, for b 13. 2w y 7w 2, for w 14. 3y 5 5, for Write an equation and solve for the variable specified. 15. Three times a number s plus 4 times a number y is 1 more than 6 times the number s. Solve for s. 16. Five times a number k minus 9 is two thirds of a number j. Solve for j. ELECTRICITY For Exercises 17 and 18, use the following information. The formula for Ohm’s Law is E IR, where E represents voltage measured in volts, I represents current measured in amperes, and R represents resistance measured in ohms. 17. Solve the formula for R. 18. Suppose a current of 0.25 ampere flows through a resistor connected to a 12-volt battery. What is the resistance in the circuit? MOTION For Exercises 19 and 20, use the following information. In uniform circular motion, the speed v of a point on the edge of a spinning disk is v r, where r is the radius of the disk and T is the time it takes the point to travel once around the circle. 19. Solve the formula for r. 20. Suppose a merry-go-round is spinning once every 3 seconds. If a point on the outside edge has a speed of 12.56 feet per second, what is the radius of the merry-go-round? (Use 3.14 for .) 2T 3b 42 rx 95 34 23 25 23GRASS SEED For Exercises 1–4, use the following information. A nursery sells Kentucky Blue Grass seed for $5.75 per pound and Tall Fescue seed for $4.50 per pound. The nursery sells a mixture of the two kinds of seed for $5.25 per pound. Let k represent the amount of Kentucky Blue Grass seed the nursery uses in 5 pounds of the mixture. 1. Complete the table representing the problem. Number of Pounds Price per Pound Cost Kentucky Blue Grass Tall Fescue Mixture 2. Write an equation to represent the problem. 3. How much Kentucky Blue Grass does the nursery use in 5 pounds of the mixture? 4. How much Tall Fescue does the nursery use in 5 pounds of the mixture? TRAVEL For Exercises 5–7, use the following information. Two commuter trains carry passengers between two cities, one traveling east, and the other west, on different tracks. Their respective stations are 150 miles apart. Both trains leave at the same time, one traveling at an average speed of 55 miles per hour and the other at an average speed of 65 miles per hour. Let t represent the time until the trains pass each other. 5. Copy and complete the table representing the problem. r t d rt First Train Second Train 6. Write an equation using t that describes the distances traveled. 7. How long after departing will the trains pass each other? 8. TRAVEL Two trains leave Raleigh at the same time, one traveling north, and the other south. The first train travels at 50 miles per hour and the second at 60 miles per hour. In how many hours will the trains be 275 miles apart? 9. JUICE A pineapple drink contains 15% pineapple juice. How much pure pineapple juice should be added to 8 quarts of the drink to obtain a mixture containing 50% pineapple juice? Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Practice Weighted Averages Chapter 2 67 Glencoe Algebra 1 Lesson 2-9 2-9 NAME ______________________________________________ DATE______________ PERIOD _____Lesson 3-1 Practice Representing Relations NAME ______________________________________________ DATE______________ PERIOD _____ Chapter 3 9 Glencoe Algebra 1 3-1 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 873946 Alg1 CH03 EP7 Express each relation as a table, a graph, and a mapping. Then determine the domain and range. 1. {(4, 3), (1, 4), (3, 2), (2, 3), (2, 1)} Express the relation shown in each table, mapping, or graph as a set of ordered pairs. Then write the inverse of the relation. 2. 3. 4. BASEBALL For Exercises 5 and 6, use the graph that shows the number of homeruns hit by Andruw Jones of the Atlanta Braves. 5. Find the domain and estimate the range. 6. Which seasons did Jones have the least and greatest number of homeruns? METEORS For Exercises 7 and 8, use the table that shows the number of meteors Ann observed each hour during a meteor shower. 7. What are the domain and range? 8. Graph the relation. Time (A.M.) Meteor Shower Number of Meteors 12–11–22–33–44–5 0 30 25 20 15 10 Time Number of (A.M.) Meteors 12 15 1 26 2 28 3 28 4 15 26 28 30 32 34 36 ’99 ’00 ’01 ’02 ’03 ’04 ’05 0 Andruw Jones’ Homeruns Homeruns Year x y O X Y5 537 9 648 x y 0 9 8 3 2 6 1 4 x y OChapter 3 16 Glencoe Algebra 1 Practice Representing Functions NAME ______________________________________________ DATE______________ PERIOD _____ 3-2 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 873946 Alg1 CH03 EP7 Determine whether each relation is a function. 1. 2. 3. 4. {(1, 4), (2, 2), (3, 6), (6, 3), (3, 6)} 5. {(6, 4), (2, 4), (4, 2), (4, 6), (2, 6)} 6. x 2 7. y 2 If f(x) 2x 6 and g(x) x 2x2, find each value. 8. f(2) 9. f 10. g(1) 11. g12. f(7) 9 13. g(3) 13 14. f(h 9) 15. g(3y) 16. 2[g(b) 1] WAGES For Exercises 17 and 18, use the following information. Martin earns $7.50 per hour proofreading ads at a local newspaper. His weekly wage w can be described by the equation w 7.5h, where h is the number of hours worked. 17. Write the equation in functional notation. 18. Find f(15), f(20), and f(25). ELECTRICITY For Exercises 19–21, use the following information. The table shows the relationship between resistance R and current I in a circuit. 19. Is the relationship a function? Explain. 20. If the relation can be represented by the equation IR 12, rewrite the equation in functional notation so that the resistance R is a function of the current I. 21. What is the resistance in a circuit when the current is 0.5 ampere? Resistance (ohms) 120 80 48 6 4 Current (amperes) 0.1 0.15 0.25 2 3 13 12 x y O x y 1 5 4 3 7 6 1 2 X Y03 2 3 215Practice Linear Functions NAME ______________________________________________ DATE______________ PERIOD _____ 3-3 Chapter 3 23 Glencoe Algebra 1 Lesson 3-3 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 873946 Alg1 CH03 EP7 Determine whether each equation is a linear equation. If so, write the equation in standard form and determine the x-intercept and y-intercept. 1. 4xy 2y 9 2. 8x 3y 6 4x 3. 7x y 3 y 4. 5 2y 3x 5. 4 x3 y1 6. 5x 2y 7 Graph each equation using any method. 7. 12 x y 2 8. 5x 2y 7 9. 1.5x 3y 9 COMMUNICATIONS For Exercises 10–12, use the following information. A telephone company charges $4.95 per month for long distance calls plus $0.05 per minute. The monthly cost c of long distance calls can be described by the equation c 0.05m 4.95, where m is the number of minutes. 10. Find the y-intercept of the graph of the equation. 11. Graph the equation. 12. If you talk 140 minutes, what is the monthly cost? MARINE BIOLOGY For Exercises 13 and 14, use the following information. Killer whales usually swim at a rate of 3.2–9.7 kilometers per hour, though they can travel up to 48.4 kilometers per hour. Suppose a migrating killer whale is swimming at an average rate of 4.5 kilometers per hour. The distance d the whale has traveled in t hours can be predicted by the equation d 4.5t. 13. Graph the equation. 14. Use the graph to predict the time it takes the killer whale to travel 30 kilometers. Time (minutes) Long Distance Cost ($) 0 40 80 120 160 14 12 108642 x y O x y O x y OPractice Arithmetic Sequences NAME ______________________________________________ DATE______________ PERIOD _____ 3-4 Chapter 3 31 Glencoe Algebra 1 Lesson 3-4 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 873946 Alg1 CH03 EP7 Determine whether each sequence is an arithmetic sequence. If it is, state the common difference. 1. 21, 13, 5, 3, … 2. 5, 12, 29, 46, … 3. 2.2, 1.1, 0.1, 1.3, … Find the next three terms of each arithmetic sequence. 4. 82, 76, 70, 64, … 5. 49, 35, 21, 7, … 6. , , , 0, … Find the nth term of each arithmetic sequence described. 7. a1 7, d 9, n 18 8. a1 12, d 4, n 36 9. 18, 13, 8, 3, … for n 27 10. 4.1, 4.8, 5.5, 6.2, … for n 14 11. a1 , d , n 15 12. a1 2 , d 1 , n 24 Write an equation for the nth term of each arithmetic sequence. Then graph the first five terms of the sequence. 13. 9, 13, 17, 21, … 14. 5, 2, 1, 4, … 15. 19, 31, 43, 55, … BANKING For Exercises 16 and 17, use the following information. Chem deposited $115.00 in a savings account. Each week thereafter, he deposits $35.00 into the account. 16. Write a formula to find the total amount Chem has deposited for any particular number of weeks after his initial deposit. 17. How much has Chem deposited 30 weeks after his initial deposit? 18. STORE DISPLAY Tamika is stacking boxes of tissue for a store display. Each row of tissues has 2 fewer boxes than the row below. The first row has 23 boxes of tissues. How many boxes will there be in the tenth row? n an O 60 40 20 2 4 6 n an 2 4 6 84 4 O n an O 2 4 6 30 20 10 12 12 14 38 14 12 34Chapter 3 38 Glencoe Algebra 1 Practice Describing Number Patterns NAME ______________________________________________ DATE______________ PERIOD _____ 3-5 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 873946 Alg1 CH03 EP7 1. Give the next two items for the pattern. Then find the 21st figure in the pattern. Find the next three terms in each sequence 2. 5, 2, 3, 0, 1, 2, 1, 4, … 3. 0, 1, 3, 6, 10, 15, … 4. 0, 1, 8, 27, … 5. 3, 2, 4, 3, 5, 4, … 6. a 1, a 4, a 9, … 7. 3d 1, 4d 2, 5d 3, … Write an equation in function notation for each relation. 8. 9. 10. BIOLOGY For Exercises 11 and 12, use the following information. Male fireflies flash in various patterns to signal location and perhaps to ward off predators. Different species of fireflies have different flash characteristics, such as the intensity of the flash, its rate, and its shape. The table below shows the rate at which a male firefly is flashing. 11. Write an equation in function notation for the relation. 12. How many times will the firefly flash in 20 seconds? 13. GEOMETRY The table shows the number of diagonals that can be drawn from one vertex in a polygon. Write an equation in function notation for the relation and find the number of diagonals that can be drawn from one vertex in a 12-sided polygon. Sides 3 4 5 6 Diagonals 0 1 2 3 Time (seconds) 1 2 3 4 5 Number of Flashes 2 4 6 8 10 x y O x y O x y OLesson 4-1 Practice Rate of Change and Slope NAME ______________________________________________ DATE______________ PERIOD _____ Chapter 4 9 Glencoe Algebra 1 4-1 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Find the slope of the line that passes through each pair of points. 1. 2. 3. 4. (6, 3), (7, 4) 5. (9, 3), (7, 5) 6. (6, 2), (5, 4) 7. (7, 4), (4, 8) 8. (7, 8), (7, 5) 9. (5, 9), (3, 9) 10. (15, 2), (6, 5) 11. (3, 9), (2, 8) 12. (2, 5), (7, 8) 13. (12, 10), (12, 5) 14. (0.2, 0.9), (0.5, 0.9) 15. , , , Find the value of r so the line that passes through each pair of points has the given slope. 16. (2, r), (6, 7), m 17. (4, 3), (r, 5), m 18. (3, 4), (5, r), m 19. (5, r), (1, 3), m 20. (1, 4), (r, 5), m undefined 21. (7, 2), (8, r), m 5 22. (r, 7), (11, 8), m 23. (r, 2), (5, r), m 0 24. ROOFING The pitch of a roof is the number of feet the roof rises for each 12 feet horizontally. If a roof has a pitch of 8, what is its slope expressed as a positive number? 25. SALES A daily newspaper had 12,125 subscribers when it began publication. Five years later it had 10,100 subscribers. What is the average yearly rate of change in the number of subscribers for the five-year period? 15 76 92 14 12 23 13 43 73 (–2, 3) (3, 3) x y O (3, 1) (–2, –3) x y O (–1, 0) (–2, 3) x y OCopyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Chapter 4 16 Glencoe Algebra 1 Practice Slope and Direct Variation NAME ______________________________________________ DATE______________ PERIOD _____ 4-2 Name the constant of variation for each equation. Then determine the slope of the line that passes through each pair of points. 1. 2. 3. Graph each equation. 4. y 2x 5. y x 6. y x Write a direct variation equation that relates x and y. Assume that y varies directly as x. Then solve. 7. If y 7.5 when x 0.5, find y when x 0.3. 8. If y 80 when x 32, find x when y 100. 9. If y when x 24, find y when x 12. Write a direct variation equation that relates the variables. Then graph the equation. 10. MEASURE The width W of a 11. TICKETS The total cost C of tickets is rectangle is two thirds of the length . $4.50 times the number of tickets t. 12. PRODUCE The cost of bananas varies directly with their weight. Miguel bought 3 pounds of bananas for $1.12. Write an equation that relates the cost of the bananas to their weight. Then find the cost of 4 pounds of bananas. 14 12 Rectangle Dimensions Length Width 4 0 8 12 2 6 10 W 108642 34 x y O 53 x y O 65 x y O (–2, 5) (0, 0) x y Oy52 x (3, 4) (0, 0) x y O y43 x (4, 3) (0, 0) x y O y34 xCopyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Practice Graphing Equations in Slope-Intercept Form NAME ______________________________________________ DATE______________ PERIOD _____ 4-3 Chapter 4 23 Glencoe Algebra 1 Lesson 4-3 Write an equation of the line with the given slope and y-intercept. 1. slope: , y-intercept: 3 2. slope: , y-intercept: 4 3. slope: 1.5, y-intercept: 1 4. slope: 2.5, y-intercept: 3.5 Write an equation of the line shown in each graph. 5. 6. 7. Graph each equation. 8. y x 2 9. 3y 2x 6 10. 6x 3y 6 Write a linear equation in slope-intercept form to model each situation. 11. A computer technician charges $75 for a consultation plus $35 per hour. 12. The population of Pine Bluff is 6791 and is decreasing at the rate of 7 per year. WRITING For Exercises 13–15, use the following information. Carla has already written 10 pages of a novel. She plans to write 15 additional pages per month until she is finished. 13. Write an equation to find the total number of pages P written after any number of months m. 14. Graph the equation on the grid at the right. 15. Find the total number of pages written after 5 months. Carla’s Novel Months Pages Written 2 0 4 6 1 3 5 m P 100 80 60 40 20 x y O x y O x y O 12 (–3, 0) (0, –2) x y O (–2, 0) (0, 3) x y O (–5, 0) (0, 2) x y O 32 14Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Chapter 4 30 Glencoe Algebra 1 Practice Writing Equations in Slope-Intercept Form NAME ______________________________________________ DATE______________ PERIOD _____ 4-4 Write an equation of the line that passes through each point with the given slope. 1. 2. 3. 4. (5, 4), m 3 5. (4, 3), m 6. (1, 5), m Write an equation of the line that passes through each pair of points. 7. 8. 9. 10. (0, 4), (5, 4) 11. (4, 2), (4, 0) 12. (2, 3), (4, 5) 13. (0, 1), (5, 3) 14. (3, 0), (1, 6) 15. (1, 0), (5, 1) Write an equation of the line that has each pair of intercepts. 16. x-intercept: 2, y-intercept: 5 17. x-intercept: 2, y-intercept: 10 18. x-intercept: 2, y-intercept: 1 19. x-intercept: 4, y-intercept: 3 20. DANCE LESSONS The cost for 7 dance lessons is $82. The cost for 11 lessons is $122. Write a linear equation to find the total cost C for lessons. Then use the equation to find the cost of 4 lessons. 21. WEATHER It is 76°F at the 6000-foot level of a mountain, and 49°F at the 12,000-foot level of the mountain. Write a linear equation to find the temperature T at an elevation e on the mountain, where e is in thousands of feet. (–3, 1) (–1, –3) x y O (0, 5) (4, 1)x y O (4, –2) (2, –4) x y O 32 12 (–1, –3) x y O m–1 (–2, 2) x y O m–2 (1, 2) x y O m3Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Practice Writing Equations in Point-Slope Form NAME ______________________________________________ DATE______________ PERIOD _____ 4-5 Chapter 4 37 Glencoe Algebra 1 Lesson 4-5 Write the point-slope form of an equation for a line that passes through each point with the given slope. 1. (2, 2), m 3 2. (1, 6), m 1 3. (3, 4), m 0 4. (1, 3), m 5. (8, 5), m 6. (3, 3), m Write each equation in standard form. 7. y 11 3(x 2) 8. y 10 (x 2) 9. y 7 2(x 5) 10. y 5 (x 4) 11. y 2 (x 1) 12. y 6 (x 3) 13. y 4 1.5(x 2) 14. y 3 2.4(x 5) 15. y 4 2.5(x 3) Write each equation in slope-intercept form. 16. y 2 4(x 2) 17. y 1 7(x 1) 18. y 3 5(x 12) 19. y 5 (x 4) 20. y3x 21. y2x CONSTRUCTION For Exercises 22–24, use the following information. A construction company charges $15 per hour for debris removal, plus a one-time fee for the use of a trash dumpster. The total fee for 9 hours of service is $195. 22. Write the point-slope form of an equation to find the total fee y for any number of hours x. 23. Write the equation in slope-intercept form. 24. What is the fee for the use of a trash dumpster? MOVING For Exercises 25–27, use the following information. There is a set daily fee for renting a moving truck, plus a charge of $0.50 per mile driven. It costs $64 to rent the truck on a day when it is driven 48 miles. 25. Write the point-slope form of an equation to find the total charge y for any number of miles x for a one-day rental. 26. Write the equation in slope-intercept form. 27. What is the daily fee? 14 23 14 14 32 43 34 32 13 25 34Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Practice Statistics: Scatter Plots and Lines of Fit NAME ______________________________________________ DATE______________ PERIOD _____ 4-6 Chapter 4 45 Glencoe Algebra 1 Lesson 4-6 Determine whether each graph shows a positive correlation, a negative correlation, or no correlation. If there is a positive or negative correlation, describe its meaning in the situation. 1. 2. DISEASE For Exercises 3–5, use the table that shows the number of cases of mumps in the United States for the years 1995 to 2003. 3. Draw a scatter plot and determine what relationship, if any, exists in the data. Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 4. Draw a line of fit for the scatter plot. 5. Write the slope-intercept form of an equation for the line of fit. ZOOS For Exercises 6–9, use the table that shows the average and maximum longevity of various animals in captivity. 6. Draw a scatter plot and determine what relationship, if any, exists in the data. Source: Walker’s Mammals of the World 7. Draw a line of fit for the scatter plot. 8. Write the slope-intercept form of an equation for the line of fit. 9. Predict the maximum longevity for an animal with an average longevity of 33 years. Longevity (years) Avg. 12 25 15 8 35 40 41 20 Max. 47 50 40 20 70 77 61 54 U.S. Mumps Cases Year Cases 1995 1997 1999 2001 2003 1000 800 600 400 2000 U.S. Mumps Cases Year 1995 1997 1999 2001 2003 Cases 906 683 387 116 56 State Elevations Mean Elevation (feet) Highest Point (thousands of feet) 1000 0 2000 3000 16 1284 Source: U.S. Geological Survey Temperature versus Rainfall Average Annual Rainfall (inches) Average Temperature (F) 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 64 60 56 520 Source: National Oceanic and Atmospheric AdministrationCopyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Practice Geometry: Parallel and Perpendicular Lines NAME ______________________________________________ DATE______________ PERIOD _____ 4-7 Chapter 4 53 Glencoe Algebra 1 Lesson 4-7 Write the slope-intercept form of an equation of the line that passes through the given point and is parallel to the graph of each equation. 1. (3, 2), y x 5 2. (2, 5), y 4x 2 3. (4, 6), y x 1 4. (5, 4), y x 2 5. (12, 3), y x 5 6. (3, 1), 2x y 5 7. (3, 4), 3y 2x 3 8. (1, 2), 3x y 5 9. (8, 2), 5x 4y 1 10. (1, 4), 9x 3y 8 11. (5, 6), 4x 3y 1 12. (3, 1), 2x 5y 7 Write the slope-intercept form of an equation of the line that passes through the given point and is perpendicular to the graph of each equation. 13. (2, 2), y x 9 14. (6, 5), x y 5 15. (4, 3), 4x y 7 16. (0, 1), x 5y 15 17. (2, 4), x 6y 2 18. (1, 7), 3x 12y 6 19. (4, 1), 4x 7y 6 20. (10, 5), 5x 4y 8 21. (4, 5), 2x 5y 10 22. (1, 1), 3x 2y 7 23. (6, 5), 4x 3y 6 24. (3, 5), 5x 6y 9 25. GEOMETRY Quadrilateral ABCD has diagonals ACand BD. Determine whether ACis perpendicular to BD. Explain. 26. GEOMETRY Triangle ABC has vertices A(0, 4), B(1, 2), and C(4, 6). Determine whether triangle ABC is a right triangle. Explain. x y O A D C B 13 43 25 34Lesson 5-1 Practice Graphing Systems of Equations NAME ______________________________________________ DATE______________ PERIOD _____ Chapter 5 9 Glencoe Algebra 1 5-1 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Use the graph at the right to determine whether each system has no solution, one solution, or infinitely many solutions. 1. x y 3 2. 2x y 3 x y 3 4x 2y 6 3. x 3y 3 4. x 3y 3 x y 3 2x y 3 Graph each system of equations. Then determine whether the system has no solution, one solution, or infinitely many solutions. If the system has one solution, name it. 5. 3x y 2 6. y 2x 3 7. x 2y 3 3x y 0 4x 2y 6 3x y 5 BUSINESS For Exercises 8 and 9, use the following information. Nick plans to start a home-based business producing and selling gourmet dog treats. He figures it will cost $20 in operating costs per week plus $0.50 to produce each treat. He plans to sell each treat for $1.50. 8. Graph the system of equations y 0.5x 20 and y 1.5x to represent the situation. 9. How many treats does Nick need to sell per week to break even? SALES For Exercises 10–12, use the following information. A used book store also started selling used CDs and videos. In the first week, the store sold 40 used CDs and videos, at $4.00 per CD and $6.00 per video. The sales for both CDs and videos totaled $180.00 10. Write a system of equations to represent the situation. 11. Graph the system of equations. 12. How many CDs and videos did the store sell in the first week? Sales ($) Dog Treats Cost ($) 5 15 10 20 25 30 35 40 45 0 40 35 30 25 20 15 105 x y O x y O x y O xy3 x3 y3 2 xy3 4 x2 y6 xy3Practice Substitution NAME ______________________________________________ DATE______________ PERIOD _____ 5-2 Chapter 5 17 Glencoe Algebra 1 Lesson 5-2 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Use substitution to solve each system of equations. If the system does not have exactly one solution, state whether it has no solution or infinitely many solutions. 1. y 6x 2. x 3y 3. x 2y 7 2x 3y 20 3x 5y 12 x y 4 4. y 2x 2 5. y 2x 6 6. 3x y 12 y x 2 2x y 2 y x 2 7. x 2y 13 8. x 2y 3 9. x 5y 36 2x 3y 18 4x 8y 12 2x y 16 10. 2x 3y 24 11. x 14y 84 12. 0.3x 0.2y 0.5 x 6y 18 2x 7y 7 x 2y 5 13. 0.5x 4y 1 14. 3x 2y 11 15. x 2y 12 12x 2.5y 3.5 x y 4 x 2y 6 16. x y 3 17. 4x 5y 7 18. x 3y 4 2x y 25 y 5x 2x 6y 5 EMPLOYMENT For Exercises 19–21, use the following information. Kenisha sells athletic shoes part-time at a department store. She can earn either $500 per month plus a 4% commission on her total sales, or $400 per month plus a 5% commission on total sales. 19. Write a system of equations to represent the situation. 20. What is the total price of the athletic shoes Kenisha needs to sell to earn the same income from each pay scale? 21. Which is the better offer? MOVIE TICKETS For Exercises 22 and 23, use the following information. Tickets to a movie cost $7.25 for adults and $5.50 for students. A group of friends purchased 8 tickets for $52.75. 22. Write a system of equations to represent the situation. 23. How many adult tickets and student tickets were purchased? 13 12Chapter 5 24 Glencoe Algebra 1 Practice Elimination Using Addition and Subtraction NAME ______________________________________________ DATE______________ PERIOD _____ 5-3 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Use elimination to solve each system of equations. 1. x y 1 2. p q 2 3. 4x y 23 x y 9 p q 8 3x y 12 4. 2x 5y 3 5. 3x 2y 1 6. 5x 3y 22 2x 2y 6 4x 2y 6 5x 2y 2 7. 5x 2y 7 8. 3x 9y 12 9. 4c 2d 2 2x 2y 14 3x 15y 6 2c 2d 14 10. 2x 6y 6 11. 7x 2y 2 12. 4.25x 1.28y 9.2 2x 3y 24 7x 2y 30 x 1.28y 17.6 13. 2x 4y 10 14. 2.5x y 10.7 15. 6m 8n 3 x 4y 2.5 2.5x 2y 12.9 2m 8n 3 16. 4a b 2 17. x y 2 18. x y 8 4a 3b 10 x y 4 x y 19 19. The sum of two numbers is 41 and their difference is 5. What are the numbers? 20. Four times one number added to another number is 36. Three times the first number minus the other number is 20. Find the numbers. 21. One number added to three times another number is 24. Five times the first number added to three times the other number is 36. Find the numbers. 22. LANGUAGES English is spoken as the first or primary language in 78 more countries than Farsi is spoken as the first language. Together, English and Farsi are spoken as a first language in 130 countries. In how many countries is English spoken as the first language? In how many countries is Farsi spoken as the first language? 23. DISCOUNTS At a sale on winter clothing, Cody bought two pairs of gloves and four hats for $43.00. Tori bought two pairs of gloves and two hats for $30.00. What were the prices for the gloves and hats? 12 32 23 13 12 34 43 13Practice Elimination Using Multiplication Chapter 5 31 Glencoe Algebra 1 Lesson 5-4 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Use elimination to solve each system of equations. 1. 2x y 1 2. 5x 2y 10 3. 7x 4y 4 3x 2y 1 3x 6y 66 5x 8y 28 4. 2x 4y 22 5. 3x 2y 9 6. 4x 2y 32 3x 3y 30 5x 3y 4 3x 5y 11 7. 3x 4y 27 8. 0.5x 0.5y 2 9. 2x y 7 5x 3y 16 x 0.25y 6 x y 0 10. Eight times a number plus five times another number is 13. The sum of the two numbers is 1. What are the numbers? 11. Two times a number plus three times another number equals 4. Three times the first number plus four times the other number is 7. Find the numbers. Determine the best method to solve each system of equations. Then solve the system. 12. 5x 7y 3 13. 7x 2y 2 14. 6x 2y 14 2x 7y 38 2x 3y 28 6x 8y20 15. x 2y 6 16. 4x 3y 2 17. y x 12 12 34 x y 3 4x 3y 3 x 2y 9 18. FINANCE Gunther invested $10,000 in two mutual funds. One of the funds rose 6% in one year, and the other rose 9% in one year. If Gunther’s investment rose a total of $684 in one year, how much did he invest in each mutual fund? 19. CANOEING Laura and Brent paddled a canoe 6 miles upstream in four hours. The return trip took three hours. Find the rate at which Laura and Brent paddled the canoe in still water. 20. NUMBER THEORY The sum of the digits of a two-digit number is 11. If the digits are reversed, the new number is 45 more than the original number. Find the number. 52 12 5-4 NAME ______________________________________________ DATE______________ PERIOD _____Chapter 5 38 Glencoe Algebra 1 Determine the best method to solve each system of equations. Then solve the system. 1. 1.5x – 1.9y29 2. 1.2x – 0.8y6 3. 18x –16y312 x – 0.9y 4.5 4.8x 2.4y 60 78x –16y 408 4. 14x 7y 217 5. x 3.6y 0.7 6. 5.3x – 4y 43.5 14x 3y 189 2x 0.2y 38.4 x 7y 78 7. BOOKS A library contains 2000 books. There are 3 times as many non-fiction books as fiction books. Write and solve a system of equations to determine the number of nonficctio and fiction books. 8. SCHOOL CLUBS The chess club has 16 members and gains a new member every month. The film club has 4 members and gains 4 new members every month. Write and solve a system of equations to find when the number of members in both clubs will be equal. For Exercises 9 and 10, use the information below. Tia and Ken each sold snack bars and magazine subscriptions for a school fund-raiser, as shown in the table. Tia earned $132 and Ken earned $190. 9. Define variable and formulate a system of linear equation from this situation. 10. What was the price per snack bar? Determine the reasonableness of your solution. Practice Applying systems of Linear Equations NAME ______________________________________________ DATE______________ PERIOD _____ 5-5 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Item Number Sold Tia Ken snack bars 16 20 magazine 4 6 subscriptionsLesson 6-1 Practice Solving Inequalities by Addition and Subtraction NAME ______________________________________________ DATE______________ PERIOD _____ Chapter 6 9 Glencoe Algebra 1 6-1 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 873949 Alg1 CH06 EP3 Match each inequality with its corresponding graph. 1. 8 x 15 b a. 2. 4x 3 5x d b. 3. 8x 7x 4 a c. 4. 12 x 9 c d. Solve each inequality. Then check your solution, and graph it on a number line. 5. r (5) 2 {r r 7} 6. 3x 8 4x {x x 8} 7. n 2.5 5 {n n 2.5} 8. 1.5 y 1 {y y 0.5} 9. z 3 z z 2 10. c c c 1 Define a variable, write an inequality, and solve each problem. Then check your solution. 11–14. Sample answer: Let n the number. 11. The sum of a number and 17 is no less than 26. n 17 26; {n n 9} 12. Twice a number minus 4 is less than three times the number. 2n 4 3n; {n n 4} 13. Twelve is at most a number decreased by 7. 12 n 7; {n n 19} 14. Eight plus four times a number is greater than five times the number. 8 4n 5n; {n n 8} 15. ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCE The troposphere extends from the earth’s surface to a height of 6–12 miles, depending on the location and the season. If a plane is flying at an altitude of 5.8 miles, and the troposphere is 8.6 miles deep in that area, how much higher can the plane go without leaving the troposphere? no more than 2.8 mi 16. EARTH SCIENCE Mature soil is composed of three layers, the uppermost being topsoil. Jamal is planting a bush that needs a hole 18 centimeters deep for the roots. The instructions suggest an additional 8 centimeters depth for a cushion. If Jamal wants to add even more cushion, and the topsoil in his yard is 30 centimeters deep, how much more cushion can he add and still remain in the topsoil layer? no more than 4 cm 14 34 12 13 23 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 4 5 2 3 6 7 8 9 10 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 1 0 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 08 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6Chapter 6 16 Glencoe Algebra 1 Practice Solving Inequalities by Multiplication and Division NAME ______________________________________________ DATE______________ PERIOD _____ 6-2 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 873949 Alg1 CH06 EP3 Match each inequality with its corresponding statement. 1. 4n 5 d a. Negative four times a number is less than five. 2. n 5 f b. Four fifths of a number is no more than five. 3. 4n 5 e c. Four times a number is fewer than five. 4. n 5 b d. Negative four times a number is no less than five. 5. 4n 5 c e. Four times a number is at most five. 6. 4n 5 a f. Four fifths of a number is more than five. Solve each inequality. Then check your solution. 7.14 8. 13h 52 9. 6 10. 39 13p {a a 70} {h h 4} {s s 96} {p p 3} 11. n 12 12. t 25 13. m 6 14. k 10 {n n 18} {t t 45} {m m 10} {k k 3} 15. 3b 0.75 16. 0.9c 9 17. 0.1x 4 18. 2.3 {b b 0.25} {c c 10} {x x 40} { j j 9.2} 19. 15y 3 20. 2.6v 20.8 21. 0 0.5u 22. f 1 y y 15{v v 8} {u u 0} f f 87Define a variable, write an inequality, and solve each problem. Then check your solution. 2325. Sample answer: Let n the number. 23. Negative three times a number is at least 57. 3n 57; {n n 19} 24. Two thirds of a number is no more than 10. 23n 10; {n n 15} 25. Negative three fifths of a number is less than 6. 35n 6; {n n 10} 26. FLOODING A river is rising at a rate of 3 inches per hour. If the river rises more than 2 feet, it will exceed flood stage. How long can the river rise at this rate without exceeding flood stage? no more than 8 h 27. SALES Pet Supplies makes a profit of $5.50 per bag on its line of natural dog food. If the store wants to make a profit of no less than $5225 on natural dog food, how many bags of dog food does it need to sell? at least 950 bags 78 j4 10 3 35 59 23 s16 a5 45 456-3 Practice Solving Multi-Step Inequalities NAME ______________________________________________ DATE______________ PERIOD _____ 6-3 Chapter 6 23 Glencoe Algebra 1 Lesson 6-3 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 873949 Alg1 CH06 EP3 Justify each indicated step. 1. x 8x (8)5x 8 12 a. 8x 5x 12 8x 5x 5x 12 5x b. 3x 12 33x312 c. x 4 a. Multiply each side by 8. b. Subtract 5x from each side. c. Divide each side by 3. 2. 2(2h 2) 2(3h 5) 12 4h 4 6h 10 12 a. 4h 4 6h 2 4h 4 6h 6h 2 6h b. 2h 4 2 2h 4 4 2 4 c. 2h 6 22h62 d. h 3 a. Distributive Property b. Subtract 6h from each side. c. Subtract 4 from each side. d. Divide each side by 2 and change to . ???? ??? 5x 12 8 Solve each inequality. Then check your solution. 3. 5 9 4. 4u 6 6u 20 5. 13 23 a 1 {t t 24} {u u 7} {a a 21} 6.w2 38 {w w 19} 7.3f 5 10 7 {f f 15} 8. h 6h53{h h 3} 9. 3(z 1) 11 2(z 13) {z z 8} 10. 3e 2(4e 2) 2(6e 1) {e e 2} 11. 5n 3(n 6) 0 {n n 9} Define a variable, write an inequality, and solve each problem. Then check your solution. 12–13. Sample answer: Let n the number. 12. A number is less than one fourth the sum of three times the number and four. n ; {n n 4} 13. Two times the sum of a number and four is no more than three times the sum of the number and seven decreased by four. 2(n 4) 3(n 7) 4; {n n 9} 14. GEOMETRY The area of a triangular garden can be no more than 120 square feet. The base of the triangle is 16 feet. What is the height of the triangle? no more than 15 ft 15. MUSIC PRACTICE Nabuko practices the violin at least 12 hours per week. She practices for three fourths of an hour each session. If Nabuko has already practiced 3 hours in one week, how many sessions remain to meet or exceed her weekly practice goal? at least 12 sessions 3n 44 t6Chapter 6 30 Glencoe Algebra 1 Practice Solving Compound Inequalities NAME ______________________________________________ DATE______________ PERIOD _____ 6-4 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 873949 Alg1 CH06 EP3 Graph the solution set of each compound inequality. 1. 4 e 1 2. x 0 or x 3 3. g 3 or g 4 4. 4 p 4 Write a compound inequality for each graph. 5. 6. x 3 or x 3 x 2 or x 3 7. 8. 0 x 5 5 x 0 Solve each compound inequality. Then graph the solution set. 9. k 3 7 or k 5 8 10. n 2 or 2n 3 5 {k k 4 or k 3} {n n 2} 11. 5 3h 2 11 12. 2c 4 6 and 3c 1 13 {h 1 h 3} {c 1 c 4} Define a variable, write an inequality, and solve each problem. Then check your solution. 13–14. Sample answer: Let n the number. 13. Two times a number plus one is greater than five and less than seven. 5 2n 1 7; {n 2 n 3} 14. A number minus one is at most nine, or two times the number is at least twenty-four. n 1 9 or 2n 24; {n n 10 or n 12} METEOROLOGY For Exercises 15 and 16, use the following information. Strong winds called the prevailing westerlies blow from west to east in a belt from 40° to 60° latitude in both the Northern and Southern Hemispheres. 15. Write an inequality to represent the latitude of the prevailing westerlies. {w 40 w 60} 16. Write an inequality to represent the latitudes where the prevailing westerlies are not located. {w w 40 or w 60} 17. NUTRITION A cookie contains 9 grams of fat. If you eat no fewer than 4 and no more than 7 cookies, how many grams of fat will you consume? between 36 g and 63 g inclusive 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 3 4 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 2 3 4 5 6 1 0 1 2 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 0 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 2 1 4 3 6 5 0 1 2Practice Solving Open Sentences Involving Absolute Value NAME ______________________________________________ DATE______________ PERIOD _____ 6-5 Chapter 6 37 Glencoe Algebra 1 Lesson 6-5Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 873949 Alg1 CH06 EP3 Match each open sentence with the graph of its solution set. 1. x 5 3 c a. 2. x 4 2 b b. 3. 2x 3 1 d c. 4. 4 x 3 a d. Express each statement using an inequality involving absolute value. 5. The weather forecast predicted temperatures within 2 degrees of 65ºF. t 65 2 6. A football team has only varied 7 points from their average score of 21 points per game. p 21 7 Solve each open sentence. Then graph the solution set. 7. |2k 9| 3 {3, 6} 8. |5 2t| 7 {1, 6} 9. |3r 9| 6 {5, 1} 10. |2m 11| 1 {5, 6} For each graph, write an open sentence involving absolute value. 11. 12. x 7 1 x 6 3 13. 14. x 1 4 x 4 5 15. ELECTION A candidate won an election with 58% of the popular vote. If the margin of error was 3.5%, what were the highest and lowest percentages of votes the candidate could have received? {54.5%, 61.5%} 16. BLOOD The pH is the measure of the acidity of a solution. The normal pH for human blood is 7.3. If the pH varies more than 0.1, health problems may begin to occur. What are the highest and lowest healthy pH levels for human blood? {7.2, 7.4} 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 1 2 3 4 5 5 4 3 2 1 0 109 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 10 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 109 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 4 5 6 7 8 2 1 3 1 2 0 10 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 2 3 4 5 5 4 3 2 1 0 109 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 109 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 10 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9Chapter 6 44 Glencoe Algebra 1 NAME ______________________________________________ DATE______________ PERIOD _____ 6-6 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 873949 Alg1 CH06 EP3 Practice Solving Inequalities Involving Absolute Value Match each open sentence with the graph of its solution set. 1. x 7 3 c a. 2. x 3 1 a b. 3. 2x 1 5 d c. 4. 5 x 3 b d. Express each statement using an inequality involving absolute value. Do not solve. 5. The height of the plant must be within 2 inches of the standard 13-inch show size. h 13 2 6. The majority of grades in Sean’s English class are within 4 points of 85. g 85 4 Solve each open sentence. Then graph the solution set. 7. |2z 9| 1 {z 4 z 5} 8. |3 2r| 7 {r r 2 or r 5} 9. |3t 6| 9 {t 5 t 1} 10. |2g 5| 9 {g g 2 or g 7} For each graph, write an open sentence involving absolute value. 11. 12. x 6 5 x 4 2 13. 14. x 3 4 x 2 4 15. FITNESS Taisha uses the elliptical cross-trainer at the gym. Her general goal is to burn 280 Calories per workout, but she varies by as much as 25 Calories from this amount on any given day. What is the range of the number of Calories burned for Taisha’s crosstraaine workout? {c 255 c 305} 16. TEMPERATURE A thermometer is guaranteed to give a temperature no more than 1.2°F from the actual temperature. If the thermometer reads 28°F, what is the range for the actual temperature? {t 26.8 t 29.2} 2 3 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 1 0 1 2 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 1 0 1 2 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 2 3 4 5 1 0 1 2 3 4 50 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 2 3 4 5 1 0 1 2 3 4 5Chapter 6 52 Glencoe Algebra 1 NAME ______________________________________________ DATE______________ PERIOD _____ 6-7 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 873949 Alg1 CH06 EP2 Practice Graphing Inequalities in Two Variables Determine which ordered pairs are part of the solution set for each inequality. 1. 3x y 6, {(4, 3), (2, 4), (5, 3), (3, 3)} {(4, 3), (3, 3)} 2. y x 3, {(6, 3), (3, 2), (3, 2), (4, 3)} {(3, 2)} 3. 3x 2y 5, {(4, 4), (3, 5), (5, 2), (3, 4)} {(3, 5), (3, 4)} Match each inequality with its graph. 4. 5y 2x 10 d a. b. 5. 3y 3x 9 c 6. y 2x 3 b 7. x 2y 6 a c. d. Graph each inequality. 8. 2y x 4 9. 2x 2y 8 10. 3y 2x 3 11. MOVING A moving van has an interior height of 7 feet (84 inches). You have boxes in 12 inch and 15 inch heights, and want to stack them as high as possible to fit. Write an inequality that represents this situation. 12x 15y 84 BUDGETING For Exercises 12 and 13, use the following information. Satchi found a used bookstore that sells pre-owned videos and CDs. Videos cost $9 each, and CDs cost $7 each. Satchi can spend no more than $35. 12. Write an inequality that represents this situation. 9x 7y 35 13. Does Satchi have enough money to buy 2 videos and 3 CDs? No, the purchases will be $39, which is greater than $35. x y x y O x y O x y O x y O x yO x y OChapter 6 60 Glencoe Algebra 1 NAME ______________________________________________ DATE______________ PERIOD _____ 6-8 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 873949 Alg1 CH06 EP3 Practice Graphing Systems of Inequalities Solve each system of inequalities by graphing. 1. y x 2 2. y x 2 3. x y 1 y x y2x 3 x 2y 1 4. y 2x 1 5. y x 4 6. 2x y 2 y 2 x 2x y 2 x 2y 2 FITNESS For Exercises 7 and 8, use the following information. Diego started an exercise program in which each week he works out at the gym between 4.5 and 6 hours and walks between 9 and 12 miles. 7. Make a graph to show the number of hours Diego works out at the gym and the number of miles he walks per week. 8. List three possible combinations of working out and walking that meet Diego’s goals. Sample answers: gym 5 h, walk 9 mi; gym 6 h, walk 10 mi, gym 5.5 h, walk 11 mi SOUVENIRS For Exercises 9 and 10, use the following information. Emily wants to buy turquoise stones on her trip to New Mexico to give to at least 4 of her friends. The gift shop sells stones for either $4 or $6 per stone. Emily has no more than $30 to spend. 9. Make a graph showing the numbers of each price of stone Emily can purchase. 10. List three possible solutions. Sample answer: one $4 stone and four $6 stones; three $4 stones and three $6 stones; five $4 stones and one $6 stone x y O x y O x y O873950 Alg1 CH07 EP4 Lesson 7-1 Practice Multiplying Monomials NAME ______________________________________________ DATE______________ PERIOD _____ Chapter 7 9 Glencoe Algebra 1 7-1 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Determine whether each expression is a monomial. Write yes or no. Explain. 1. 2. Simplify. 3. (5x2y)(3x4) 4. (2ab2c2)(4a3b2c2) 5. (3cd4)(2c2) 6. (4g3h)(2g5) 7. (15xy4)xy38. (xy)3(xz) 9. (18m2n)2mn210. (0.2a2b3)2 11. p2 12. cd32 13. (0.4k3)3 14. [(42)2]2 GEOMETRY Express the area of each figure as a monomial. 15. 16. 17. GEOMETRY Express the volume of each solid as a monomial. 18. 19. 20. 21. COUNTING A panel of four light switches can be set in 24 ways. A panel of five light switches can set in twice this many ways. In how many ways can five light switches be set? 22. HOBBIES Tawa wants to increase her rock collection by a power of three this year and then increase it again by a power of two next year. If she has 2 rocks now, how many rocks will she have after the second year? 7g2 3 g m3 n mn3 n 3h2 3h2 3h2 6 ac3 4 a2 c 5x3 6 a2 b4 3 ab2 14 23 16 13 b3c2 2 21a2 7b873950 Alg1 CH07 EP4 Chapter 7 16 Glencoe Algebra 1 Practice Dividing Monomials NAME ______________________________________________ DATE______________ PERIOD _____ 7-2 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Simplify. Assume that no denominator is equal to zero. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.3 8.2 9. 10. x3( y5)(x8) 11. p(q2)(r3) 12. 122 13.2 14.4 15. 16. 17. 18.0 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25.5 26.1 27.2 28. BIOLOGY A lab technician draws a sample of blood. A cubic millimeter of the blood contains 223 white blood cells and 225 red blood cells. What is the ratio of white blood cells to red blood cells? 29. COUNTING The number of three-letter “words” that can be formed with the English alphabet is 263. The number of five-letter “words” that can be formed is 265. How many times more five-letter “words” can be formed than three-letter “words”? 2x3y2z3x4yz2 7c3d3 c5de4 q1r3 qr2 (2a2b)3 5a2b4 ( j1k3)4 j3k3 m2n5 (m4n3)1 r4 (3r)3 12t1u5v4 2t3uv5 6f2g3h5 54f2g5h3 x3y5 43 8c3d2f4 4c1d2f3 15w0u1 5u3 22r3s2 11r2s3 43 37 4c2 24c5 6w5 7p6s3 4f 3g3h6 8y7z6 4y6z5 5c2d3 4c2d m5np m4p xy2 xy a4b6 ab3 88 84873950 Alg1 CH07 EP4 Practice Polynomials NAME ______________________________________________ DATE______________ PERIOD _____ 7-3 Chapter 7 23 Glencoe Algebra 1 Lesson 7-3 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. State whether each expression is a polynomial. If the expression is a polynomial, identify it as a monomial, a binomial, or a trinomial. 1. 7a2b 3b2 a2b 2. y3 y2 9 3. 6g2h3k GEOMETRY Write a polynomial to represent the area of each shaded region. 4. 5. Find the degree of each polynomial. 6. x 3x4 21x2 x3 7. 3g2h3 g3h 8. 2x2y 3xy3 x2 9. 5n3m 2m3 n2m4 n2 10. a3b2c 2a5c b3c2 11. 10s2t2 4st2 5s3t2 Arrange the terms of each polynomial so that the powers of x are in ascending order. 12. 8x2 15 5x5 13. 10bx 7b2 x4 4b2x3 14. 3x3y 8y2 xy4 15. 7ax 12 3ax3 a2x2 Arrange the terms of each polynomial so that the powers of x are in descending order. 16. 13x2 5 6x3 x 17. 4x 2x5 6x3 2 18. g2x 3gx3 7g3 4x2 19. 11x2y3 6y 2xy 2x4 20. 7a2x2 17 a3x3 2ax 21. 12rx3 9r6 r2x 8x6 22. MONEY Write a polynomial to represent the value of t ten-dollar bills, f fifty-dollar bills, and h one-hundred-dollar bills. 23. GRAVITY The height above the ground of a ball thrown up with a velocity of 96 feet per second from a height of 6 feet is 6 96t 16t2 feet, where t is the time in seconds. According to this model, how high is the ball after 7 seconds? Explain. d ab b 15873950 Alg1 CH07 EP4 Practice Adding and Subtracting Polynomials NAME ______________________________________________ DATE______________ PERIOD _____ 7-4 Chapter 7 31 Glencoe Algebra 1 Lesson 7-4 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Find each sum or difference. 1. (4y 5) (7y 1) 2. (x2 3x) (5x 2x2) 3. (4k2 8k 2) (2k 3) 4. (2m2 6m) (m2 5m 7) 5. (5a2 6a 2) (7a2 7a 5) 6. (4p2 p 9) (p2 3p 1) 7. (x3 3x 1) (x3 7 12x) 8. (6c2 c 1) (4 2c2 8c) 9. (4y2 2y 8) (7y2 4 y) 10. (w2 4w 1) (5 5w2 3w) 11. (4u2 2u 3) (3u2 u 4) 12. (5b2 8 2b) (b 9b2 5) 13. (4d2 2d 2) (5d2 2 d) 14. (8x2 x 6) (x2 2x 3) 15. (3h2 7h 1) (4h 8h2 1) 16. (4m2 3m 10) (m2 m 2) 17. (x2 y2 6) (5x2 y2 5) 18. (7t2 2 t) (t2 7 2t) 19. (k3 2k2 4k 6) (4k k2 3) 20. (9j2 j jk) (3j2 jk 4j) 21. (2x 6y 3z) (4x 6z 8y) (x 3y z) 22. (6f 2 7f 3) (5f 2 1 2f ) (2f 2 3 f ) 23. BUSINESS The polynomial s3 70s2 1500s 10,800 models the profit a company makes on selling an item at a price s. A second item sold at the same price brings in a profit of s3 30s2 450s 5000. Write a polynomial that expresses the total profit from the sale of both items. 24. GEOMETRY The measures of two sides of a triangle are given. If P is the perimeter, and P 10x 5y, find the measure of the third side. 3 x4 y 5 xy873950 Alg1 CH07 EP4 Chapter 7 38 Glencoe Algebra 1 Practice Multiplying a Polynomial by a Monomial NAME ______________________________________________ DATE______________ PERIOD _____ 7-5 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Find each product. 1.2h(7h2 4h) 2.6pq(3p2 4q) 3.5jk(3jk 2k) 4.3rs(2s2 3r) 5. m(8m2 m 7) 6. n2(9n2 3n 6) Simplify. 7. 2(34) 78. 5w(7w 3) 2w(2w2 19w 2) 9. 6t(2t 3) 5(2t2 9t 3) 10. 2(3m3 5m 6) 3m(2m2 3m 1) 11. 3g(7g 2) 3(g2 2g 1) 3g(5g 3) Solve each equation. 12. 5(2s 1) 3 3(3s 2) 13. 3(3u 2) 5 2(2u 2) 14. 4(8n 3) 5 2(6n 8) 1 15. 8(3b 1) 4(b 3) 9 16. t(t 4) 1 t(t 2) 2 17. u(u 5) 8u u(u 2) 4 18. NUMBER THEORY Let x be an integer. What is the product of twice the integer added to three times the next consecutive integer? INVESTMENTS For Exercises 24–26, use the following information. Kent invested $5,000 in a retirement plan. He allocated x dollars of the money to a bond account that earns 4% interest per year and the rest to a traditional account that earns 5% interest per year. 19. Write an expression that represents the amount of money invested in the traditional account. 20. Write a polynomial model in simplest form for the total amount of money T Kent has invested after one year. (Hint: Each account has A IA dollars, where A is the original amount in the account and I is its interest rate.) 21. If Kent put $500 in the bond account, how much money does he have in his retirement plan after one year? 23 14873950 Alg1 CH07 EP4 Practice Multiplying Polynomials NAME ______________________________________________ DATE______________ PERIOD _____ 7-6 Chapter 7 45 Glencoe Algebra 1 Lesson 7-6 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Find each product. 1. (q 6)(q 5) 2. (x 7)(x 4) 3. (n 4)(n 6) 4. (s 5)(s 6) 5. (4c 6)(c 4) 6. (2x 9)(2x 4) 7. (6a 3)(7a 4) 8. (2x 2)(5x 4) 9. (3a b)(2a b) 10. (4g 3h)(2g 3h) 11. (m 5)(m2 4m 8) 12. (t 3)(t2 4t 7) 13. (2h 3)(2h2 3h 4) 14. (3d 3)(2d2 5d 2) 15. (3q 2)(9q2 12q 4) 16. (3r 2)(9r2 6r 4) 17. (3c2 2c 1)(2c2 c 9) 18. (22 3)(42 22) 19. (2x2 2x 3)(2x2 4x 3) 20. (3y2 2y 2)(3y2 4y 5) GEOMETRY Write an expression to represent the area of each figure. 21. 22. 23. NUMBER THEORY Let x be an even integer. What is the product of the next two consecutive even integers? 24. GEOMETRY The volume of a rectangular pyramid is one third the product of the area of its base and its height. Find an expression for the volume of a rectangular pyramid whose base has an area of 3x2 12x 9 square feet and whose height is x 3 feet. 3 x2 5 x4 x1 4 x2 2 x2873950 Alg1 CH07 EP4 Practice Special Products NAME ______________________________________________ DATE______________ PERIOD _____ 7-7 Chapter 7 53 Glencoe Algebra 1 Lesson 7-7 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Find each product. 1. (n 9)2 2. (q 8)2 3. (10)2 4. (r 11)2 5. ( p 7)2 6. (b 6)(b 6) 7. (z 13)(z 13) 8. (4e 2)2 9. (5w 4)2 10. (6h 1)2 11. (3s 4)2 12. (7v 2)2 13. (7k 3)(7k 3) 14. (4d 7)(4d 7) 15. (3g 9h)(3g 9h) 16. (4q 5t)(4q 5t) 17. (a 6u)2 18. (5r s)2 19. (6c m)2 20. (k 6y)2 21. (u 7p)2 22. (4b 7v)2 23. (6n 4p)2 24. (5q 6s)2 25. (6a 7b)(6a 7b) 26. (8h 3d)(8h 3d) 27. (9x 2y2)2 28. (3p3 2m)2 29. (5a2 2b)2 30. (4m3 2t)2 31. (6e3 c)2 32. (2b2 g)(2b2 g) 33. (2v2 3e2)(2v2 3e2) 34. GEOMETRY Janelle wants to enlarge a square graph that she has made so that a side of the new graph will be 1 inch more than twice the original side s. What trinomial represents the area of the enlarged graph? GENETICS For Exercises 35 and 36, use the following information. In a guinea pig, pure black hair coloring B is dominant over pure white coloring b. Suppose two hybrid Bb guinea pigs, with black hair coloring, are bred. 35. Find an expression for the genetic make-up of the guinea pig offspring. 36. What is the probability that two hybrid guinea pigs with black hair coloring will produce a guinea pig with white hair coloring?Lesson 8-1 Practice Monomials and Factoring NAME ______________________________________________ DATE______________ PERIOD _____ Chapter 8 9 Glencoe Algebra 1 8-1 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Find the factors of each number. Then classify each number as prime or composite. 1. 18 2. 37 3. 48 4. 116 5. 138 6. 211 Find the prime factorization of each integer. 7. 52 8. 96 9. 108 10. 225 11. 286 12. 384 Factor each monomial completely. 13. 30d5 14. 72mn 15. 81b2c3 16. 145abc3 17. 168pq2r 18. 121x2yz2 Find the GCF of each set of monomials. 19. 18, 49 20. 18, 45, 63 21. 16, 24, 48 22. 12, 30, 114 23. 9, 27, 77 24. 24, 72, 108 25. 24fg5, 56f 3g 26. 72r2s2, 36rs3 27. 15a2b, 35ab2 28. 28m3n2, 45pq2 29. 40xy2, 56x3y2, 124x2y3 30. 88c3d, 40c2d2, 32c2d GEOMETRY For Exercises 31 and 32, use the following information. The area of a rectangle is 84 square inches. Its length and width are both whole numbers. 31. What is the minimum perimeter of the rectangle? 32. What is the maximum perimeter of the rectangle? RENOVATION For Exercises 33 and 34, use the following information. Ms. Baxter wants to tile a wall to serve as a splashguard above a basin in the basement. She plans to use equal-sized tiles to cover an area that measures 48 inches by 36 inches. 33. What is the maximum-size square tile Ms. Baxter can use and not have to cut any of the tiles? 34. How many tiles of this size will she need?Chapter 8 16 Glencoe Algebra 1 Practice Factoring Using the Distributive Property NAME ______________________________________________ DATE______________ PERIOD _____ 8-2 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Factor each polynomial. 1. 64 40ab 2. 4d2 16 3. 6r2s 3rs2 4. 15cd 30c2d2 5. 32a2 24b2 6. 36xy2 48x2y 7. 30x3y 35x2y2 8. 9c3d2 6cd3 9. 75b2c3 60bc3 10. 8p2q2 24pq3 16pq 11. 5x3y2 10x2y 25x 12. 9ax3 18bx2 24cx 13. x2 4x 2x 8 14. 2a2 3a 6a 9 15. 4b2 12b 2b 6 16. 6xy 8x 15y 20 17. 6mn 4m 18n 12 18. 12a2 15ab 16a 20b Solve each equation. Check your solutions. 19. x(x 32) 0 20. 4b(b 4) 0 21. ( y 3)( y 2) 0 22. (a 6)(3a 7) 0 23. (2y 5)( y 4) 0 24. (4y 8)(3y 4) 0 25. 2z2 20z 0 26. 8p2 4p 0 27. 9x2 27x 28. 18x2 15x 29. 14x2 21x 30. 8x2 26x LANDSCAPING For Exercises 31 and 32, use the following information. A landscaping company has been commissioned to design a triangular flower bed for a mall entrance. The final dimensions of the flower bed have not been determined, but the company knows that the height will be two feet less than the base. The area of the flower bed can be represented by the equation A b2 b. 31. Write this equation in factored form. 32. Suppose the base of the flower bed is 16 feet. What will be its area? 33. PHYSICAL SCIENCE Mr. Alim’s science class launched a toy rocket from ground level with an initial upward velocity of 60 feet per second. The height h of the rocket in feet above the ground after t seconds is modeled by the equation h 60t 16t2. How long was the rocket in the air before it returned to the ground? 12Practice Factoring Trinomials: x2 bx c NAME ______________________________________________ DATE______________ PERIOD _____ 8-3 Chapter 8 23 Glencoe Algebra 1 Lesson 8-3 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Factor each trinomial. 1. a2 10a 24 2. h2 12h 27 3. x2 14x 33 4. g2 2g 63 5. w2 w 56 6. y2 4y 60 7. b2 4b 32 8. n2 3n 28 9. c2 4c 45 10. z2 11z 30 11. d2 16d 63 12. x2 11x 24 13. q2 q 56 14. x2 6x 55 15. 32 18r r2 16. 48 16g g2 17. j2 9jk 10k2 18. m2 mv 56v2 Solve each equation. Check your solutions. 19. x2 17x 42 0 20. p2 5p 84 0 21. k2 3k 54 0 22. b2 12b 64 0 23. n2 4n 32 24. h2 17h 60 25. c2 26c 56 26. z2 14z 72 27. y2 84 5y 28. 80 a2 18a 29. u2 16u 36 30. 17s s2 52 31. Find all values of k so that the trinomial x2 kx 35 can be factored using integers. CONSTRUCTION For Exercises 32 and 33, use the following information. A construction company is planning to pour concrete for a driveway. The length of the driveway is 16 feet longer than its width w. 32. Write an expression for the area of the driveway. 33. Find the dimensions of the driveway if it has an area of 260 square feet. WEB DESIGN For Exercises 34 and 35, use the following information. Janeel has a 10-inch by 12-inch photograph. She wants to scan the photograph, then reduce the result by the same amount in each dimension to post on her Web site. Janeel wants the area of the image to be one eighth that of the original photograph. 34. Write an equation to represent the area of the reduced image. 35. Find the dimensions of the reduced image.Chapter 8 30 Glencoe Algebra 1 Practice Factoring Trinomials: ax2 bx c NAME ______________________________________________ DATE______________ PERIOD _____ 8-4 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Factor each trinomial, if possible. If the trinomial cannot be factored using integers, write prime. 1. 2b2 10b 12 2. 3g2 8g 4 3. 4x2 4x 3 4. 8b2 5b 10 5. 6m2 7m 3 6. 10d2 17d 20 7. 6a2 17a 12 8. 8w2 18w 9 9. 10x2 9x 6 10. 15n2 n 28 11. 10x2 21x 10 12. 9r2 15r 6 13. 12y2 4y 5 14. 14k2 9k 18 15. 8z2 20z 48 16. 12q2 34q 28 17. 18h2 15h 18 18. 12p2 22p 20 Solve each equation. Check your solutions. 19. 3h2 2h 16 0 20. 15n2 n 2 21. 8q2 10q 3 0 22. 6b2 5b 4 23. 10c2 21c 4c 6 24. 10g2 10 29g 25. 6y2 7y 2 26. 9z2 6z 15 27. 12k2 15k 16k 20 28. 12x2 1 x 29. 8a2 16a 6a 12 30. 18a2 10a 11a 4 31. DIVING Lauren dove into a swimming pool from a 15-foot-high diving board with an initial upward velocity of 8 feet per second. Find the time t in seconds it took Lauren to enter the water. Use the model for vertical motion given by the equation h 16t2 vt s, where h is height in feet, t is time in seconds, v is the initial upward velocity in feet per second, and s is the initial height in feet. (Hint: Let h 0 represent the surface of the pool.) 32. BASEBALL Brad tossed a baseball in the air from a height of 6 feet with an initial upward velocity of 14 feet per second. Enrique caught the ball on its way down at a point 4 feet above the ground. How long was the ball in the air before Enrique caught it? Use the model of vertical motion from Exercise 31.Chapter 8 38 Glencoe Algebra 1 Practice Factoring Differences of Squares NAME ______________________________________________ DATE______________ PERIOD _____ 8-5 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Factor each polynomial, if possible. If the polynomial cannot be factored, write prime. 1. k2 100 2. 81 r2 3. 16p2 36 4. 4x2 25 5. 144 9f2 6. 36g2 49h2 7. 121m2 144n2 8. 32 8y2 9. 24a2 54b2 10. 32s2 18u2 11. 9d2 32 12. 36z3 9z 13. 45q3 20q 14. 100b3 36b 15. 3t4 48t2 Solve each equation by factoring. Check your solutions. 16. 4y2 81 17. 64p2 9 18. 98b2 50 0 19. 32 162k2 0 20. s20 21. v2 0 22. x2 25 0 23. 27h3 48h 24. 75g3 147g 25. EROSION A rock breaks loose from a cliff and plunges toward the ground 400 feet below. The distance d that the rock falls in t seconds is given by the equation d 16t2. How long does it take the rock to hit the ground? 26. FORENSICS Mr. Cooper contested a speeding ticket given to him after he applied his brakes and skidded to a halt to avoid hitting another car. In traffic court, he argued that the length of the skid marks on the pavement, 150 feet, proved that he was driving under the posted speed limit of 65 miles per hour. The ticket cited his speed at 70 miles per hour. Use the formula s2 d, where s is the speed of the car and d is the length of the skid marks, to determine Mr. Cooper’s speed when he applied the brakes.Was Mr. Cooper correct in claiming that he was not speeding when he applied the brakes? 124 136 16 49 64 121Chapter 8 46 Glencoe Algebra 1 Practice Perfect Squares and Factoring NAME ______________________________________________ DATE______________ PERIOD _____ 8-6 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Determine whether each trinomial is a perfect square trinomial. If so, factor it. 1. m2 16m 64 2. 9s2 6s 1 3. 4y2 20y 25 4. 16p2 24p 9 5. 25b2 4b 16 6. 49k2 56k 16 Factor each polynomial, if possible. If the polynomial cannot be factored, write prime. 7. 3p2 147 8. 6x2 11x 35 9. 50q2 60q 18 10. 6t3 14t2 12t 11. 6d2 18 12. 30k2 38k 12 13. 15b2 24bc 14. 12h2 60h 75 15. 9n2 30n 25 16. 7u2 28m2 17. w4 8w2 9 18. 16c2 72cd 81d2 Solve each equation. Check your solutions. 19. 4k2 28k 49 20. 50b2 20b 2 0 21. t 12 0 22. g2 g0 23. p2 p0 24. x2 12x 36 25 25. y2 8y 16 64 26. (h 9)2 3 27. w2 6w 9 13 28. GEOMETRY The area of a circle is given by the formula A r2, where r is the radius. If increasing the radius of a circle by 1 inch gives the resulting circle an area of 100square inches, what is the radius of the original circle? 29. PICTURE FRAMING Mikaela placed a frame around a print that measures 10 inches by 10 inches. The area of just the frame itself is 69 square inches. What is the width of the frame? 10 10 x x 925 65 19 23 12Lesson 9-1 Practice Graphing Quadratic Functions NAME ______________________________________________ DATE______________ PERIOD _____ Chapter 9 9 Glencoe Algebra 1 9-1 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Use a table of values to graph each function. Determine the domain and range. 1. y x2 2 2. y x2 6x 3 3. y 2x2 8x 5 Write the equation of the axis of symmetry, and find the coordinates of the vertex of the graph of each function. Identify the vertex as a maximum or minimum. Then graph the function. 4. y x2 3 5. y 2x2 8x 3 6. y 2x2 8x 1 PHYSICS For Exercises 7–9, use the following information. Miranda throws a set of keys up to her brother, who is standing on a balcony 38 feet above the ground. The equation h 16t2 40t 5 gives the height h of the keys after t seconds. 7. How long does it take the keys to reach their highest point? 8. How high do the keys reach? 9. Will her brother be able to catch the keys? Explain. 10. What is a reasonable domain and range for this problem? BASEBALL For Exercises 11–13, use the following information. A player hits a baseball into the outfield. The equation h 0.005x2 x 3 gives the path of the ball, where h is the height and x is the horizontal distance the ball travels. 11. What is the equation of the axis of symmetry? 12. What is the maximum height reached by the baseball? 13. An outfielder catches the ball three feet above the ground. How far has the ball traveled horizontally when the outfielder catches it? x y O x y O x y O x y OChapter 9 16 Glencoe Algebra 1 Practice Solving Quadratic Equations by Graphing NAME ______________________________________________ DATE______________ PERIOD _____ 9-2 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Solve each equation by graphing. 1. x2 5x 6 0 2. w2 6w 9 0 3. b2 3b 4 0 Solve each equation by graphing. If integral roots cannot be found, estimate the roots by stating the consecutive integers between which the roots lie. 4. p2 4p 3 5. 2m2 5 10m 6. 2v2 8v 7 NUMBER THEORY For Exercises 7 and 8, use the following information. Two numbers have a sum of 2 and a product of 8. The quadratic equation n2 2n 8 0 can be used to determine the two numbers. 7. Graph the related function f(n) n2 2n 8 and determine its x-intercepts. 8. What are the two numbers? DESIGN For Exercises 9 and 10, use the following information. A footbridge is suspended from a parabolic support. The function h(x) x2 9 represents the height in feet of the support above the walkway, where x 0 represents the midpoint of the bridge. 9. Graph the function and determine its x-intercepts. 10. What is the length of the walkway between the two supports? 125 x h( x) O 6 12 126 6 12 12 6 n f( n) O v f( v) O m f(m) O p O f( p) b f( b) O w f( w) O x O f( x)Practice Solving Quadratic Equations by Completing the Square NAME ______________________________________________ DATE______________ PERIOD _____ 9-3 Chapter 9 23 Glencoe Algebra 1 Lesson 9-3 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Solve each equation by taking the square root of each side. Round to the nearest tenth if necessary. 1. b2 14b 49 64 2. s2 16s 64 100 3. h2 8h 16 15 4. a2 6a 9 27 5. p2 20p 100 28 6. u2 10u 25 90 Find the value of c that makes each trinomial a perfect square. 7. t2 24t c 8. b2 28b c 9. y2 40y c 10. m2 3m c 11. g2 9g c 12. v2 v c Solve each equation by completing the square. Round to the nearest tenth if necessary. 13. w2 14w 24 0 14. p2 12p 13 15. s2 30s 56 25 16. v2 8v 9 0 17. t2 10t 6 7 18. n2 18n 50 9 19. 3u2 15u 3 0 20. 4c2 72 24c 21. 0.9a2 5.4a 4 0 22. 0.4h2 0.8h 0.2 23. x2 x 10 0 24. x2 x 2 0 BUSINESS For Exercises 25 and 26, use the following information. Jaime owns a business making decorative boxes to store jewelry, mementos, and other valuables. The function y x2 50x 1800 models the profit y that Jaime has made in month x for the first two years of his business. 25. Write an equation representing the month in which Jaime’s profit is $2400. 26. Use completing the square to find out in which month Jaime’s profit is $2400. 27. PHYSICS From a height of 256 feet above a lake on a cliff, Mikaela throws a rock out over the lake. The height H of the rock t seconds after Mikaela throws it is represented by the equation H 16t2 32t 256. To the nearest tenth of a second, how long does it take the rock to reach the lake below? (Hint: Replace H with 0.) 32 14 12 12Chapter 9 30 Glencoe Algebra 1 Practice Solving Quadratic Equations by Using the Quadratic Formula NAME ______________________________________________ DATE______________ PERIOD _____ 9-4 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Solve each equation by using the Quadratic Formula. Round to the nearest tenth if necessary. 1. g2 2g 3 0 2. a2 8a 7 0 3. v2 4v 6 0 4. d2 6d 7 0 5. 2z2 9z 5 0 6. 2r2 12r 10 0 7. 2b2 9b 12 8. 2h2 5h 12 9. 3p2 p 4 10. 3m2 1 8m 11. 4y2 7y 15 12. 1.6n2 2n 2.5 0 13. 4.5k2 4k 1.5 0 14. c2 2c0 15. 3w2 w State the value of the discriminant for each equation. Then determine the number of real roots of the equation. 16. a2 8a 16 0 17. c2 3c 12 0 18. 2w2 12w 7 19. 2u2 15u 30 20. 4n2 9 12n 21. 3g2 2g 3.5 22. 2.5k2 3k 0.5 0 23. d2 3d 4 24. s2 s 1 CONSTRUCTION For Exercises 25 and 26, use the following information. A roofer tosses a piece of roofing tile from a roof onto the ground 30 feet below. He tosses the tile with an initial downward velocity of 10 feet per second. 25. Write an equation to find how long it takes the tile to hit the ground. Use the model for vertical motion, H 16t2 vt h, where H is the height of an object after t seconds, v is the initial velocity, and h is the initial height. (Hint: Since the object is thrown down, the initial velocity is negative.) 26. How long does it take the tile to hit the ground? 27. PHYSICS Lupe tosses a ball up to Quyen, waiting at a third-story window, with an initial velocity of 30 feet per second. She releases the ball from a height of 6 feet. The equation h 16t2 30t 6 represents the height h of the ball after t seconds. If the ball must reach a height of 25 feet for Quyen to catch it, does the ball reach Quyen? Explain. (Hint: Substitute 25 for h and use the discriminant.) 14 34 12 34 32 12Practice Exponential Functions NAME ______________________________________________ DATE______________ PERIOD _____ 9-5 Chapter 9 37 Glencoe Algebra 1 Lesson 9-5Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Graph each function. State the y-intercept. Then use the graph to determine the approximate value of the given expression. Use a calculator to confirm the value. 1. y x;0.5 2. y 3x; 31.9 3. y x;1.4 Graph each function. State the y-intercept. 4. y 4(2x) 1 5. y 2(2x 1) 6. y 0.5(3x 3) Determine whether the data in each table display exponential behavior. Explain why or why not. 7. 8. 9. LEARNING Ms. Klemperer told her English class that each week students tend to forget one sixth of the vocabulary words they learned the previous week. Suppose a student learns 60 words. The number of words remembered can be described by the function W(x) 60x, where x is the number of weeks that pass. How many words will the student remember after 3 weeks? 10. BIOLOGY Suppose a certain cell reproduces itself in four hours. If a lab researcher begins with 50 cells, how many cells will there be after one day, two days, and three days? (Hint: Use the exponential function y 50(2x).) 56 x 21 18 15 12 y 30 23 16 9 x 2 5 8 11 y 480 120 30 7.5 x y O x y O x y O x y O 14 14 110 110Practice Growth and Decay NAME ______________________________________________ DATE______________ PERIOD _____ 9-6 Chapter 9 45 Glencoe Algebra 1 Lesson 9-6 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. COMMUNICATIONS For Exercises 1 and 2, use the following information. Sports radio stations numbered 220 in 1996. 1. Write an equation for the number of sports radio stations for t years after 1996. 2. If the trend continues, predict the number of sports radio stations in this format for the year 2010. 3. INVESTMENTS Determine the amount of an investment if $500 is invested at an interest rate of 4.25% compounded quarterly for 12 years. 4. INVESTMENTS Determine the amount of an investment if $300 is invested at an interest rate of 6.75% compounded semiannually for 20 years. 5. HOUSING The Greens bought a condominium for $110,000 in 2005. If its value appreciates at an average rate of 6% per year, what will the value be in 2010? DEFORESTATION For Exercises 6 and 7, use the following information. During the 1990s, the forested area of Guatemala decreased at an average rate of 1.7%. 6. If the forested area in Guatemala in 1990 was about 34,400 square kilometers, write an equation for the forested area for t years after 1990. 7. If this trend continues, predict the forested area in 2015. 8. BUSINESS A piece of machinery valued at $25,000 depreciates at a steady rate of 10% yearly. What will the value of the piece of machinery be after 7 years? 9. TRANSPORTATION A new car costs $18,000. It is expected to depreciate at an average rate of 12% per year. Find the value of the car in 8 years. 10. POPULATION The population of Osaka, Japan declined at an average annual rate of 0.05% for the five years between 1995 and 2000. If the population of Osaka was 11,013,000 in 2000 and it continues to decline at the same rate, predict the population in 2050.Lesson 10-1 Practice Simplifying Radical Expressions NAME ______________________________________________ DATE______________ PERIOD _____ Chapter 10 9 Glencoe Algebra 1 10-1 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Simplify. 1. 24 2. 60 3. 108 4. 865. 714 6. 312 567. 43318 8. 27su3 9. 50p5 10. 108x6 y4z5 11. 56m2n 4o5 12. 13.14. 15.16. 17. 18. 19.20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. SKY DIVING When a skydiver jumps from an airplane, the time t it takes to free fall a given distance can be estimated by the formula t , where t is in seconds and s is in meters. If Julie jumps from an airplane, how long will it take her to free fall 750 meters? METEOROLOGY For Exercises 26 and 27, use the following information. To estimate how long a thunderstorm will last, meteorologists can use the formula t , where t is the time in hours and d is the diameter of the storm in miles. 26. A thunderstorm is 8 miles in diameter. Estimate how long the storm will last. Give your answer in simplified form and as a decimal. 27. Will a thunderstorm twice this diameter last twice as long? Explain. d3216 2s9.8 371 27 5 738333529ab 4ab4 4y3y2 18 x3 3k 8711 17 45 34 532 210 86Chapter 10 16 Glencoe Algebra 1 Practice Operations with Radical Expressions NAME ______________________________________________ DATE______________ PERIOD _____ 10-2 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Simplify. 1. 830 430 2. 2575553. 713x 1413x 213x 4. 245 420 5. 40 10 90 6. 232 350 318 7. 27 18 300 8. 58320 32 9. 14 10. 50 32 11. 519 428 819 63 12. 310 75 240 412 Find each product. 13. 6(10 15 ) 14. 5(5248) 15. 27(312 58) 16. (5 15 )2 17. (10 6)(30 18 ) 18. (812 )(48 18 ) 19. (228)(365) 20. (4325)(310 56) SOUND For Exercises 21 and 22, use the following information. The speed of sound V in meters per second near Earth’s surface is given by V 20t 27 3, where t is the surface temperature in degrees Celsius. 21. What is the speed of sound near Earth’s surface at 15°C and at 2°C in simplest form? 22. How much faster is the speed of sound at 15°C than at 2°C? GEOMETRY For Exercises 23 and 24, use the following information. A rectangle is 5723centimeters long and 6733centimeters wide. 23. Find the perimeter of the rectangle in simplest form. 24. Find the area of the rectangle in simplest form. 12 27Practice Radical Equations NAME ______________________________________________ DATE______________ PERIOD _____ 10-3 Chapter 10 23 Glencoe Algebra 1 Lesson 10-3 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Solve each equation. Check your solution. 1. b 8 2. 43x3. 24c 3 11 4. 6 2y 2 5. k 2 3 7 6. m 5 437. 6t 1 2868. 3j 1 12 9 9. 2x 1 55 18 10. 4 2 11. 63 0 12. 6 2 13. y y 6 14. 15 2x x 15. w 4 w 4 16. 17 kk 5 17. 5m 16 m 2 18. 24 8q q 3 19. 4s 1 7s 3 0 20. 4 3m 28 m 21. 10p 61 7 p 22. 2x2 9 x ELECTRICITY For Exercises 23 and 24, use the following information. The voltage V in a circuit is given by V PR , where P is the power in watts and R is the resistance in ohms. 23. If the voltage in a circuit is 120 volts and the circuit produces 1500 watts of power, what is the resistance in the circuit? 24. Suppose an electrician designs a circuit with 110 volts and a resistance of 10 ohms. How much power will the circuit produce? FREE FALL For Exercises 25 and 26, use the following information. Assuming no air resistance, the time t in seconds that it takes an object to fall h feet can be determined by the equation t . 25. If a skydiver jumps from an airplane and free falls for 10 seconds before opening the parachute, how many feet does the skydiver fall? 26. Suppose a second skydiver jumps and free falls for 6 seconds. How many feet does the second skydiver fall? h4 5r6 3x3 3s5Practice The Pythagorean Theorem NAME ______________________________________________ DATE______________ PERIOD _____ 10-4 Chapter 10 31 Glencoe Algebra 1 Lesson 10-4 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Find the length of each missing side. If necessary, round to the nearest hundredth. 1. 2. 3. If c is the measure of the hypotenuse of a right triangle, find each missing measure. If necessary, round to the nearest hundredth. 4. a 24, b 45, c ? 5. a 28, b 96, c ? 6. b 48, c 52, a ? 7. c 27, a 18, b ? 8. b 14, c 21, a ? 9. a 20 , b 10, c ? 10. a 75 , b 6, c ? 11. b 9x, c 15x, a ? Determine whether the following side measures form right triangles. Justify your answer. 12. 11, 18, 21 13. 21, 72, 75 14. 7, 8, 11 15. 9, 10, 161 16. 9, 210 , 11 17. 7, 22, 15 18. STORAGE The shed in Stephan’s back yard has a door that measures 6 feet high and 3 feet wide. Stephan would like to store a square theater prop that is 7 feet on a side. Will it fit through the door diagonally? Explain. SCREEN SIZES For Exercises 19–21, use the following information. The size of a television is measured by the length of the screen’s diagonal. 19. If a television screen measures 24 inches high and 18 inches wide, what size television is it? 20. Darla told Tri that she has a 35-inch television. The height of the screen is 21 inches. What is its width? 21. Tri told Darla that he has a 5-inch handheld television and that the screen measures 2 inches by 3 inches. Is this a reasonable measure for the screen size? Explain. 12 4 b 19 11 a 60 32 cPractice The Distance Formula Chapter 10 39 Glencoe Algebra 1 Lesson 10-5Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Find the distance between each pair of points with the given coordinates. Express answers in simplest radical form and as decimal approximations rounded to the nearest hundredth if necessary. 1. (4, 7), (1, 3) 2. (0, 9), (7, 2) 3. (4, 6), (3, 9) 4. (3, 8), (7, 2) 5. (0, 4), (3, 2) 6. (13, 9), (1, 5) 7. (6, 2), 4, 8. (1, 7), , 69. 2, , 1, 10. , 1, 2, 11. (3, 3), (23, 5) 12. (22, 1), (32, 3) Find the possible values of a if the points with the given coordinates are the indicated distance apart. 13. (4, 1), (a, 5); d 10 14. (2, 5), (a, 7); d 15 15. (6, 7), (a, 4); d 18 16. (4, 1), (a, 8); d 50 17. (8, 5), (a, 4); d 85 18. (9, 7), (a, 5); d 29 BASEBALL For Exercises 19–21, use the following information. Three players are warming up for a baseball game. Player B stands 9 feet to the right and 18 feet in front of Player A. Player C stands 8 feet to the left and 13 feet in front of Player A. 19. Draw a model of the situation on the coordinate grid. Assume that Player A is located at (0, 0). 20. To the nearest tenth, what is the distance between Players A and B and between Players A and C? 21. What is the distance between Players B and C? 22. MAPS Maria and Jackson live in adjacent neighborhoods. If they superimpose a coordinate grid on the map of their neighborhoods, Maria lives at (9, 1) and Jackson lives at (5, 4). If each unit on the grid is equal to approximately 0.132 mile, how far apart do Maria and Jackson live? x y O 4 8 16 1284 8 4 13 23 12 12 13 12 10-5 NAME ______________________________________________ DATE______________ PERIOD _____Chapter 10 46 Glencoe Algebra 1 Practice Similar Triangles NAME ______________________________________________ DATE______________ PERIOD _____ 10-6 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Determine whether each pair of triangles is similar. Justify your answer. 1. 2. For each set of measures given, find the measures of the missing sides if ABC DEF. 3. c 4, d 12, e 16, f 8 4. e 20, a 24, b 30, c 15 5. a 10, b 12, c 6, d 4 6. a 4, d 6, e 4, f 3 7. b 15, d 16, e 20, f 10 8. a 16, b 22, c 12, f 8 9. a , b 3, f , e 7 10. c 4, d 6, e 5.625, f 12 11. SHADOWS Suppose you are standing near a building and you want to know its height. The building casts a 66-foot shadow. You cast a 3-foot shadow. If you are 5 feet 6 inches tall, how tall is the building? 12. MODELS Truss bridges use triangles in their support beams. Molly made a model of a truss bridge in the scale of 1 inch 8 feet. If the height of the triangles on the model is 4.5 inches, what is the height of the triangles on the actual bridge? 11 2 52 D F E e f d A C B b c a 80474756E H F G D C 3159R Q S TU PLesson 11-1 Practice Inverse Variation NAME ______________________________________________ DATE______________ PERIOD _____ Chapter 11 9 Glencoe Algebra 1 11-1 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Graph each variation if y varies inversely as x. 1. y 2 when x 12 2. y 6 when x 5 3. y 2.5 when x 2 Write an inverse variation equation that relates x and y. Assume that y varies inversely as x. Then solve. 4. If y 124 when x 12, find y when x 24. 5. If y 8.5 when x 6, find y when x 2.5. 6. If y 3.2 when x 5.5, find y when x 6.4. 7. If y 0.6 when x 7.5, find y when x 1.25. 8. If y 6 when x , find x when y 4. 9. If y 8 when x , find x when y 12. 10. If y 4 when x 2, find x when y 10. 11. If y 7 when x 4, find x when y 6. EMPLOYMENT For Exercises 12 and 13, use the following information. The manager of a lumber store schedules 6 employees to take inventory in an 8-hour work period. The manager assumes all employees work at the same rate. 12. Suppose 2 employees call in sick. How many hours will 4 employees need to take inventory? 13. If the district supervisor calls in and says she needs the inventory finished in 6 hours, how many employees should the manager assign to take inventory? 14. TRAVEL Jesse and Joaquin can drive to their grandparents’ home in 3 hours if they average 50 miles per hour. Since the road between the homes is winding and mountainous, their parents prefer they average between 40 and 45 miles per hour. How long will it take to drive to the grandparents’ home at the reduced speed? 14 12 x y O 12 12 24 24 24 12 12 24 x y O 8 8 16 16 168 8 16Chapter 11 16 Glencoe Algebra 1 Practice Rational Expressions NAME ______________________________________________ DATE______________ PERIOD _____ 11-2 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. State the excluded values for each rational expression. 1. 2. 3. Simplify each expression. State the excluded values of the variables. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. ENTERTAINMENT For Exercises 19 and 20, use the following information. Fairfield High spent d dollars for refreshments, decorations, and advertising for a dance. In addition, they hired a band for $550. 19. Write an expression that represents the cost of the band as a fraction of the total amount spent for the school dance. 20. If d is $1650, what percent of the budget did the band account for? PHYSICAL SCIENCE For Exercises 21–23, use the following information. Mr. Kaminksi plans to dislodge a tree stump in his yard by using a 6-foot bar as a lever. He places the bar so that 0.5 foot extends from the fulcrum to the end of the bar under the tree stump. In the diagram, b represents the total length of the bar and t represents the portion of the bar beyond the fulcrum. 21. Write an equation that can be used to calculate the mechanical advantage. 22. What is the mechanical advantage? 23. If a force of 200 pounds is applied to the end of the lever, what is the force placed on the tree stump? b fulcrum tree stump t 2y2 9y 4 4y2 4y 3 2x2 18x 36 3x2 3x 36 r2 r 6 r2 4r 12 t2 81 t2 12t 27 r2 7r 6 r2 6r 7 y2 6y 16 y2 4y 4 x2 7x 10 x2 2x 15 2b 14 b2 9b 14 m 3m2 9 m2 4m 12 m 6 p2 8p 12 p 2 5c3d4 40cd2 5c4d2 36m3np2 20m2np5 6xyz3 3x2y2z 12a48a3 a2 2a 15 a2 8a 15 p2 16 p2 13p 36 4n 28 n2 49Practice Multiplying Rational Expressions NAME ______________________________________________ DATE______________ PERIOD _____ 11-3 Chapter 11 23 Glencoe Algebra 1 Lesson 11-3 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Find each product. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. Find each product. 15. 16. 17. ANIMAL SPEEDS The maximum speed of a coyote is 43 miles per hour over a distance of approximately a quarter mile. What is a coyote’s maximum speed in feet per second? Round to the nearest tenth. 18. BIOLOGY The heart of an average person pumps about 9000 liters of blood per day. How many quarts of blood does the heart pump per hour? (Hint: One quart is equal to 0.946 liter.) Round to the nearest whole number. 1 hour 60 minutes 1 day 24 hours 1000 meters 1 kilometer 81 kilometers 1 day 1 minute 60 seconds 1 hour 60 minutes 128 ounces 1 gallon 450 gallons 1 hour t2 t 20 t2 7t 12 t2 6t 9 t2 10t 25 b2 5b 6 b2 2b 8 b2 5b 4 b2 36 y2 8y 16 y 3 3y 9 y2 9y 20 n 2 n2 9n 8 n2 10n 16 5n 10 x x2 5x 14 4x 8x2 a 3a6 a 4 a2 a 12 x 2x4 x2 16 x2 4 c2 93c 3 c2 12c 6 (m 6)(m 4) (m 7) m 7 (m 6)(m 2) 72 (x 2)(x 2) (x 2)(x 2) 8 4(a 2b) 20a2b3 12a2b4 36m4n27x2y 14xy2 27m2n 12s3t236s2t 24st28s4t3 15y3 24x 18x210y2Chapter 11 30 Glencoe Algebra 1 Practice Dividing Rational Expressions NAME ______________________________________________ DATE______________ PERIOD _____ 11-4 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Find each quotient. 1. 2. 3. (a 1) 4. (z 4) 5. 6. Complete. 7. 1.75 m2 cm2 8. 0.54 tons/yd3 lb/ft3 Find each quotient. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. TRAFFIC For Exercises 17 and 18, use the following information. On Saturday, it took Ms. Torres 24 minutes to drive 20 miles from her home to her office. During Friday’s rush hour, it took 75 minutes to drive the same distance. 17. What was Ms. Torres’s speed in miles per hour on Saturday? 18. What was her speed in miles per hour on Friday? SHOPPING For Exercises 19 and 20, use the following information. Ashley wants to buy some treats for her dog Foo. She can purchase a 1 -pound box of dog treats for $2.99. She can purchase the same treats in a 2-pound package on sale for $4.19. 19. What is the cost of each in cents per ounce? Round to the nearest tenth. 20. If a box of treats costs $3.49 at a rate of 14.5 cents per ounce, how much does the box weigh in ounces and in pounds? 14 y2 9y 14 y2 7y 18 y2 6y 7 y2 8y 9 a2 4a 12 a2 3a 10 a2 8a 12 a2 7a 10 6x 6 x2 5x 6 3x 3 x2 6x 9 2b 82b 18 b2 2b 8 b2 11b 18 n2 6n 5 4n 12 n 1 n2 2n 15 2y 4y1 y2 3y 10 y2 9y 8 n 827 n2 9n 8 9n 9 s 2s2 s2 8s 20 7 2x 6x3 4x 12 6x 24 y 52y 6 4y 20 y3 z2 16 3z 2aa1 mnp2 x3y mn2p3 x4y2 21a335b 28a27b2Chapter 11 38 Glencoe Algebra 1 Practice Dividing Polynomials NAME ______________________________________________ DATE______________ PERIOD _____ 11-5 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Find each quotient. 1. (6q2 18q 9) (9q) 2. ( y2 6y 2) (3y) 3. 4. 5. (x2 3x 40) (x 5) 6. (3m2 20m 12) (m 6) 7. (a2 5a 20) (a 3) 8. (x2 3x 2) (x 7) 9. (t2 9t 28) (t 3) 10. (s2 9s 25) (s 4) 11. 12. 13. (x3 2x2 16) (x 2) 14. (s3 11s 6) (s 3) 15. 16. 17. 18. LANDSCAPING For Exercises 19 and 20, use the following information. Jocelyn is designing a bed for cactus specimens at a botanical garden. The total area can be modeled by the expression 2x2 7x 3, where x is in feet. 19. Suppose in one design the length of the cactus bed is 4x, and in another, the length is 2x 1. What are the widths of the two designs? 20. If x 3 feet, what will be the dimensions of the cactus bed in each of the designs? 21. FURNITURE Teri is upholstering the seats of four chairs and a bench. She needs square yard of fabric for each chair, and square yard for the bench. If the fabric at the store is 45 inches wide, how many yards of fabric will Teri need to cover the chairs and the bench if there is no waste? 12 14 9y3 y 1 3y 2 2k3 7k2 7 2k 3 6d3 d2 2d 17 2d 3 x3 6x2 3x 1 x 2 20w2 39w 18 5w 6 6r2 5r 56 3r 8 2m3n2 56mn 4m2n3 8m3n 12a2b 3ab2 42ab 6a2bPractice Rational Expressions with Like Denominators NAME ______________________________________________ DATE______________ PERIOD _____ 11-6 Chapter 11 45 Glencoe Algebra 1 Lesson 11-6 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Find each sum. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. Find each difference. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. GEOMETRY Find an expression for the perimeter of rectangle ABCD. Use the formula P 22w. 26. MUSIC Kerrie is burning an 80-minute CD-R containing her favorite dance songs. Suppose she has burned 41 minutes of songs and has five more songs in the queue that total x minutes. When she is done, write an expression for the fraction of the CD that has been filled with music. 5 a4 b 2 ab B A C D 3 a2 b 2 ab 516t 30t6t 1 4a 62a 2 6a 42a 2 7y2y 2yy2 4p5p 4pp5 332y 2y2y 3 6d6 7d6 2c1 6c1 s 14 5 s 14 5 x 72 x 62 r 53 r 23 4n5 9n5 y8 3y8 4t 33t 1 6t 53t 1 2a 42a 2 5a 22a 2 4y 53y 2 2y 13y 2 2p 10 p4 4p 14 p4 2r 1r5 r 5r5 2x2 x 5x2 8n2 n 6n2 4c1 4cc1 s 44 s 84 w 49 w 99 5u16 7u16 3n8 n8Chapter 11 52 Glencoe Algebra 1 Practice Rational Expressions with Unlike Denominators NAME ______________________________________________ DATE______________ PERIOD _____ 11-7 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Find the LCM for each pair of expressions. 1. 3a3b2, 18ab3 2. w 4, w 2 3. 5d 20, d 4 4. 6p 1, p 1 5. x2 5x 4, (x 1)2 6. s2 3s 10, s2 4 Find each sum. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. Find each difference. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. SERVICE Members of the ninth grade class at Pine Ridge High School are organizing into service groups. What is the minimum number of students who must participate for all students to be divided into groups of 4, 6, or 9 students with no one left out? 22. SAFETY When the Cooper family goes on vacation, they set the house lights on timers from 5 P.M. until 11 P.M. The lights come on at different times in each of three rooms: every 40 minutes, every 50 minutes, and every 100 minutes, respectively. The timer turns each of them off after 30 minutes. After 5 P.M., how many times do all the lights come on at the same time in one evening? at what time(s)? 3y 3y2 4 4y y2 y 6 4t 8 t2 10t 25 t 3 t2 3t 10 3b3 b 3 b2 6b 9 2s 34s 12 s 1s2 9 2m6 m 4m3 2p3x 6p5x2 h 2h3 h 3 h2 6h 9 6a 24 a2 10a 25 2a 6a5 pp4 p 1 p2 3p 4 3y 2 y2 8y 16 y 3y2 16 22n 6 8n2 9 7n6 nn2 b 2b b 54b 10 3xy2 76x2yPractice Mixed Expressions and Complex Fractions NAME ______________________________________________ DATE______________ PERIOD _____ 11-8 Chapter 11 59 Glencoe Algebra 1 Lesson 11-8 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Write each mixed expression as a rational expression. 1. 14 2. 7d 3. 3n 4. 5b 5. 3 6. 2s 7. 2p 8. 4n2 9. (t 1) Simplify each expression. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. TRAVEL For Exercises 19 and 20, use the following information. Ray and Jan are on a 12 -hour drive from Springfield, Missouri, to Chicago, Illinois. They stop for a break every 3 hours. 19. Write an expression to model this situation. 20. How many stops will Ray and Jan make before arriving in Chicago? 21. CARPENTRY Tai needs several 2 -inch wooden rods to reinforce the frame on a futon. She can cut the rods from a 24 -inch dowel purchased from a hardware store. How many wooden rods can she cut from the dowel? 12 14 14 12 y y6 7 y y7 6 g g 10 9 g g5 4 bb22 b3b124 b b23b k2k2 4k6k 5 k2 k9k88 q2 q2 7q 16 12 q 3 aa2 4a2 a 16 x2 x2 y2x3x ym6n23nm2 3252564t5 n 1n2 1 p 1p3 s 1s1 t 5t2 1 b 32b 6 nn 4dp 9uChapter 11 66 Glencoe Algebra 1 Practice Solving Rational Equations NAME ______________________________________________ DATE______________ PERIOD _____ 11-9 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Solve each equation. State any extraneous solutions. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 1 7. 8. 0 9. 1 10. 1 11. 12. 3 13. 14. 15. 0 16. 1 17. 1 18. 1 PUBLISHING For Exercises 19 and 20, use the following information. Tracey and Alan publish a 10-page independent newspaper once a month. At production, Alan usually spends 6 hours on the layout of the paper. When Tracey helps, layout takes 3 hours and 20 minutes. 19. Write an equation that could be used to determine how long it would take Tracey to do the layout by herself. 20. How long would it take Tracey to do the job alone? TRAVEL For Exercises 21 and 22, use the following information. Emilio made arrangements to have Lynda pick him up from an auto repair shop after he dropped his car off. He called Lynda to tell her he would start walking and to look for him on the way. Emilio and Lynda live 10 miles from the auto shop. It takes Emilio 2 hours to walk the distance and Lynda 15 minutes to drive the distance. 21. If Emilio and Lynda leave at the same time, when should Lynda expect to spot Emilio on the road? 22. How far will Emilio have walked when Lynda picks him up? 14 n 6n2 16 2nn4 xx3 x 7x2 9 p 2p2 4 2pp2 6 z6z 1z1 1n n 5n3 n 2n 73 m 2m2 2m2 y2 2y 3y 2y2 1d d 4d2 d 3d 2x2x 3 4x2x 1 19t 3 3t3t 3 3p2 5p1 q 418 q3 2q 16 y 25 y 24 5y6 12 4y3 2h 1h2 2hh1 k 1k9 k 5k x 4x6 xx5 7n6 5n2Lesson 12-1 Practice Sampling and Bias NAME ______________________________________________ DATE______________ PERIOD _____ Chapter 12 9 Glencoe Algebra 1 12-1 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Identify each sample, suggest a population from which it was selected, and state whether it is unbiased (random) or biased. If unbiased, classify the sample as simple, stratified, or systematic. If biased, classify as convenience or voluntary response. 1. GOVERNMENT At a town council meeting, the chair asks 5 citizens attending for their opinions on whether to approve rezoning for a residential area. 2. BOTANY To determine the extent of leaf blight in the maple trees at a nature preserve, a botanist divides the reserve into 10 sections, randomly selects a 200-foot by 200-foot square in the section, and then examines all the maple trees in the section. 3. FINANCES To determine the popularity of online banking in the United States, a polling company sends a mail-in survey to 5000 adults to see if they bank online, and if they do, how many times they bank online each month. 4. SHOES A shoe manufacturer wants to check the quality of its shoes. Every twenty minutes, 20 pairs of shoes are pulled off the assembly line for a thorough quality inspection. 5. BUSINESS To learn which benefits employees at a large company think are most important, the management has a computer select 50 employees at random. The employees are then interviewed by the Human Relations department. 6. BUSINESS An insurance company checks every hundredth claim payment to ensure that claims have been processed correctly. 7. ENVIRONMENT Suppose you want to know if a manufacturing plant is discharging contaminants into a local river. Describe an unbiased way in which you could check the river water for contaminants. 8. SCHOOL Suppose you want to know the issues most important to teachers at your school. Describe an unbiased way in which you could conduct your survey.Chapter 12 16 Glencoe Algebra 1 Practice Counting Outcomes NAME ______________________________________________ DATE______________ PERIOD _____ 12-2 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Draw a tree diagram to show the sample space for each event. Determine the number of possible outcomes. 1. dining at an Italian, Mexican, or French restaurant, for lunch, early bird (early dinner special), or dinner, and with or without dessert Find the value of each expression. 2. 5! 3. 8! 4. 10! 5. 12! 6. How many different vacation plans are possible when choosing one each of 12 destinations, 3 lengths of stay, 5 travel options, and 4 types of accommodations? 7. How many different ways can you arrange your work if you can choose from 7 weekly schedules, 6 daily schedules, and one of 3 types of duties? 8. How many different ways can you treat a minor cut if you can choose from 3 methods of cleansing the cut, 5 antibiotic creams, 2 antibacterial sprays, and 6 types of bandages? 9. TESTING A teacher gives a quick quiz that has 4 true/false questions and 2 multiple choice questions, each of which has 5 answer choices. In how many ways can the quiz be answered if one answer is given for each question? CLASS RINGS Students at Pacific High can choose class rings in one each of 8 styles, 5 metals, 2 finishes, 14 stones, 7 cuts of stone, 4 tops, 3 printing styles, and 30 inscriptions. 10. How many different choices are there for a class ring? 11. If a student narrows the choice to 2 styles, 3 metals, 4 cuts of stone, and 5 inscriptions (and has already made the remaining decisions), how many different choices for a ring remain?Practice Permutations and Combinations Chapter 12 23 Glencoe Algebra 1 Lesson 12-3 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Determine whether each situation involves a permutation or combination. Explain your reasoning. 1. choosing two dogs from a litter of two males and three females 2. a simple melody formed by playing the notes on 8 different piano keys 3. a selection of nine muffins from a shelf of twenty-three 4. the selection of a four-letter acronym (word formed from the initial letters of other words) in which two of the letters cannot be C or P 5. choosing an alphanumeric password to access a website Evaluate each expression. 6. 11P3 7. 6P3 8. 15P3 9. 10C9 10. 12C9 11. 7C3 12. 7C4 13. 12C4 14. 13P3 15. (8C4)(8C5) 16. (17C2)(8C6) 17. (16C15)(16C1) 18. (8P3)(8P2) 19. (5P4)(6P5) 20. (13P1)(15P1) 21. (10C3)(10P3) 22. (15P4)(4C3) 23. (14C7)(15P3) 24. SPORT In how many orders can the top five finishers in a race finish? JUDICIAL PROCEDURE The court system in a community needs to assign 3 out of 8 judges to a docket of criminal cases. Five of the judges are male and three are female. 25. Does the selection of judges involve a permutation or a combination? 26. In how many ways could three judges be chosen? 27. If the judges are chosen randomly, what is the probability that all 3 judges are male? 12-3 NAME ______________________________________________ DATE______________ PERIOD _____Chapter 12 30 Glencoe Algebra 1 Practice Probability of Compound Events NAME ______________________________________________ DATE______________ PERIOD _____ 12-4 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. A bag contains 5 red, 3 brown, 6 yellow, and 2 blue marbles. Once a marble is selected, it is not replaced. Find each probability. 1. P(brown, then yellow, then red) 2. P(red, then red, then blue) 3. P(yellow, then yellow, then not blue) 4. P(brown, then brown, then not yellow) A die is rolled and a card is drawn from a standard deck of 52 cards. Find each probability. 5. P(6 and king) 6. P(odd number and black) 7. P(less than 3 and heart) 8. P(greater than 1 and black ace) One card is drawn from a standard deck of 52 cards. Find each probability. 9. P(spade or numbered card) 10. P(ace or red queen) 11. P(red or not face card) 12. P(heart or not queen) Tiles numbered 1 through 25 are placed in a box. Tiles numbered 11 through 30 are placed in a second box. The first tile is randomly drawn from the first box. The second tile is randomly drawn from the second box. Find each probability. 13. P(both are greater than 15 and less than 20) 14. The first tile is greater than 10 and the second tile is less than 25 or even. 15. The first tile is a multiple of 3 or prime and the second tile is a multiple of 5. 16. The first tile is less than 9 or odd and the second tile is a multiple of 4 or less than 21. 17. WEATHER The forecast predicts a 40% chance of rain on Tuesday and a 60% chance on Wednesday. If these probabilities are independent, what is the chance that it will rain on both days? FOOD Tomaso places favorite recipes in a bag for 4 pasta dishes, 5 casseroles, 3 types of chili, and 8 desserts. 18. If Tomaso chooses one recipe at random, what is the probability that he selects a pasta dish or a casserole? 19. If Tomaso chooses one recipe at random, what is the probability that he does not select a dessert? 20. If Tomaso chooses two recipes at random without replacement, what is the probability that the first recipe he selects is a casserole and the second recipe he selects is a dessert?Chapter 12 38 Glencoe Algebra 1 Practice Probability Distributions NAME ______________________________________________ DATE______________ PERIOD _____ 12-5 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. For Exercises 1–3, the spinner shown is spun two times. 1. Write the sample space with all possible outcomes. 2. Find the probability distribution X, where X represents the number of times the spinner lands on blue for X 0, X 1, and X 2. 3. Make a probability histogram. TELECOMMUNICATIONS For Exercises 4–6, use the table that shows the probability distribution of the number of telephones per student’s household at Wilson High. 4. Show that this is a valid probability distribution. 5. If a student is chosen at random, what is the probability that there are more than 3 telephones at the student’s home? 6. Make a probability histogram. LANDSCAPING For Exercises 7–9, use the table that shows the probability distribution of the number of shrubs (rounded to the nearest 50) ordered by corporate clients of a landscaping company over the past five years. 7. Define a random variable and list its values. 8. Show that this is a valid probability distribution. 9. What is the probability that a client’s (rounded) order was at least 150 shrubs? Number of Shrubs 50 100 150 200 250 Probability 0.11 0.24 0.45 0.16 0.04 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.10 P(X) X Number of Telephones per Household Wilson High Households 1 2 3 4 5 X Number of Telephones 1 2 3 4 5Probability 0.01 0.16 0.34 0.39 0.10 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.20 0 P(X) X Number of Times Spinner Lands on Blue Spinner Probability Distribution 1 2 RED WHITEBLUE GREEN YELLOWChapter 12 46 Glencoe Algebra 1 Practice Probability Simulations NAME ______________________________________________ DATE______________ PERIOD _____ 12-6 Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. For Exercises 1–3, place 5 red, 4 yellow, and 7 green marbles in a box. Randomly draw two marbles from the box, record each color, and then return the marbles to the box. Repeat this procedure 50 times. 1. Based on your results, what is the experimental probability of selecting two yellow marbles? 2. Based on your results, what is the experimental probability of selecting a green marble and a yellow marble? 3. Compare your results to the theoretical probabilities. 4. Color blindness occurs in 4% of the male population. What could you use to simulate this situation? SCHOOL CURRICULUM For Exercises 5–8, use the following information. Laurel Woods High randomly selected students for a survey to determine the most important school issues among the student body. The school wants to develop a curriculum that addresses these issues. The survey results are shown in the table. 5. Find the experimental probability distribution of the importance of each issue. 6. Based on the survey, what is the experimental probability that a student chosen at random thinks the most important issue is grades or school standards? 7. The enrollment in the 9th and 10th grades at Laurel Woods High is 168. If their opinions are reflective of those of the school as a whole, how many of them would you expect to have chosen popularity as the most important issue? 8. Suppose the school develops a curriculum incorporating the top three issues. What is the probability that a student selected at random will think the curriculum addresses the most important issue at school? School Issues Issue Number Ranking Issue Most Important Grades 37 School Standards 17 Popularity 84 Dating 76 Violence 68 Drugs, including tobacco 29

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