Using Collaborative Mindmap with Moodle

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Using Collaborative Mindmap in Smart Learning Environments wonyho@gmail.com Professor Kongju National University Budaedong 275, Cheonansi, South Korea ABSTRACT Creation, management, and maintenance of knowledge are important eLearning issues. Knowledge can be represented in relation to other knowledge. Well defined relationship is core property of good knowledge representation. Among various knowledge manipulation tools, mindmap is very informal and simple compare to concept map, but it is very easy and flexible to use. Mindmap can be applied to various knowledge fields such as learning and business. There are some mindmap application software and services, but web-based mindmap are mostly Adobe Flash or special plug-in based. OKmindmap is a cross browsing mindmap service. This service doesn’t need any installation of plug-in for Web browser. Many users can collaboratively work on same mindmap from different place. Twitter posts, Facebook posts, Delicious bookmarking, and Google search results can be integrated by using mash up service. The teaching will be more interactive and collaborative with this tool features. It can be used for knowledge delivery, sharing, and reusing. For learning, this tool can be used as presentation tool, collaborative activity facilitator, and information organizer. The implementations of each use case will be proposed as prototypes and running tips will be addressed. Keywords: Collaboration, Mindmap, OKMindmap, eLearning INTRODUCTION Mindmap is known as a great tool for learning and thinking. There are many mindmap application softwares. OKMindmap is one of them, which is provided as open source. OKMindmap provides many collaboration environments. This will provide many educational advantages. The OKMindmap can be used in class as contents, learning activity, or knowledge organizer, which enhances learning participation and outcomes. The case studies will be presented after the brief introduction of mindmap and mindmap application software. What is mindmap? Mindmap is defined as the following sentences in Wikipedia. (en.wikipedia.org/wiki) ”Mindmap is a graphical method of taking notes. The visual basis of them helps one to distinguish words or ideas, often with colors and symbols. They generally take a hierarchical or tree branch format, with ideas branching into their subsections. Mindmaps allow for greater creativity when recording ideas and information, as well as allowing the note-taker to associate words with visual representations.” It is a good educational tool and also can be used as efficient business tool. The advantages of using mindmap can be summarized as follows. -Structural keyword oriented representation save time for authoring and understanding subject. -Emphasizing core concept provides cognitive concentration. -Enhance creativity, retrospection, and conceptual connectivity. -Adaptable to human by visual, unifying, agile, and recognizing environment. Creating mindmaps using mindmap software provide even more convenient properties. Free spatial allocation of various digital resources (text, image, video, web-link) is the most important benefit. User can generate those resources as node and locate them freely on the map space. The node can move to the other space easily. Accessibility has been barrier in using mindmap software. There are some web-based mindmap services, but most of them are using Adobe Flash, or ActiveX plugins. Pure Web based mindmap services are rarely found. “OKmindmap.com” is a pure Web-base mindmap service and first SVG based web mindmapping software technology. Mindmap applications There are many mindmap desktop applications. These applications can be categorized as commercial or open source product. Open source mindmap applications are also stable and provide good functionality. Freemind, Xmind, Compendium, and VUE are open source products. (en.wikipedia.org/wiki) Many of the open source softwares are written in Java. FreeMind is the most popular open source mindmap application software. iMindMap, Inspiration, MindGenius, Mind-Manger, MindMapper, MindMeister, Mindomo, and NovaMind are commercial mindmap desktop applications. Commercial software provides more functionality compared to open source software. (en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_mind_ mapping_software) Some products provide various views; organization chart, fishbone diagramming, or process flow diagram. Some provide project management features integrated with built-in Gantt Charts. Presentation is one of the popular features of mindmap. Though Xmind is open source software, it provides many professional features. Xmind is dual licensed. But the most of the feature are available as open source license. Because open source software provides its code, users can modify or develop plugins for their own necessity. In this respect, FreeMind is the most extensible one in functional variety. When users need to customize the function open source solution is the one to choose. The power of mindmap is increased, when it is accessible through Internet. There are several Web-based mindmap services; Mind42, MindMeister, Comapping, and Mindomo. Some services use Adobe Flash technology and others use javascript technology. Javascript is preferred technology as HTML 5 include them in its specification. Using OKMindmap OKmindmap is an open source web-based mindmap system, which has many good educational features. These features can be utilized for quality class resources or activity production. Figure 1. GUI of FreeMind Figure 2. GUI of Mindmapper -No plug-in No active-X, and no-flash: Because OKMindmap is developed using SVG technology, which is one of the drawing component in HTML5, the learner doesn’t have to install any active-X component. No plug-in and flash installation required. -Cross browser support: Because it uses standard HTML5 technology, it runs on most of web-kit based browsers; FireFox, Chrome, and Safari. IE 9 began to support SVG. Even in IE 8, it runs well using VML technology. -Collaboration as many as 40 people and more: Because it uses a chatting server to communicate data in mindmap sharing mode, the map can be synchronized with other map editor’s work on-line. -SNS mashing up from Delicious, Twitter, Google, and Facebook: Using Mash-up API from many SNS provider, it can fetch the postings from Facebook and Twitter, bookmark information from Delicious, and search function from Google. -Conversion to PPT, wiki, html: Mindmap structure can be converted into line by line conventional representation. The core line by line representation can be transformed into PPT, wiki, and html with presentational options. -More than text information: Additional information like image, web link, video embedding can be included as nodes in mindmap. -Freemind and Xmidmap compatibility: Freemind format can be imported and exported, Because Xmindmap supports FreeMind format. Learners can take advantage of using two major open source mindmap applications. -Moodle compatibility: OKMindmap activity for Moodle is developed and a map can be inserted either as contents or as activity of Moodle, which is the most popular LMS in the world. -Cubic PPT slide presentation support: On-line PPT style presentation on web-browser is supported. These slides are generated from selected mindmap nodes instantly. OKMindmap can be used for 3 different domains of learning by combining these features as in next section. USE CASES FOR SMART LEARNING ENVIRONMENT OKMindmap can be used for 3 different learning domains; contents delivery, collaborative activity, and learning knowledge portal. There are many case specific applications in each domain. Use Cases for Contents Delivery The most basic use of OKMindmap is to use it as contents delivery tool. OKMindmap can include information, such as image, text, web link, and videos. This means OKMindmap can be used as live textbook which include all lecture information. -Using OKMindmap for live textbook Mindmap is good for seeing trees and forest together. In addition to that OKMindmap allow adding images and videos on the map. If there is more information on web, those can be included as URL nodes in the map. Document files can be uploaded on web and provided as a link. Services like Google docs or Dropbox can be used as document link in map, too. If the map is growing bigger, it can be separated as new maps. -Presenting in PPT style on cube PPT style presentation is available for the users, who are more familiar with conventional presentation. The mindmap structure is transformed into “line by line structure” similar to power point style. -Positioning the mindmap contents The generated map has its own URL. Learners can access the mindmap using web-browsers with the URL of the map. It also provides the way to embed the map on the html page. It is possible to embed map inside of home page, blog, wiki, or LMS system like Moodle. Figure 3. Media-rich mindmap with Cubic Presentation Use cases for Collaboration Figure 4. Embedding of map in Wiki OKMindmap can be used for collaboration. Because it uses chatting server to communicate between map sharing people, the updated information is synchronized for same map users. The speed of response is the same rate with that of character chatting speed. This function is invaluable in educational usage. The learners can share their ideas very effectively and instantly. The map needs to be set as open and write-possible to be used as a collaborative map. -Ice breaking Shared map can be used for ice breaking purpose. Ice breaking is a term used to make friendly atmosphere between unacquainted people. Ask each learner to make a node for self introduction, and after awhile, ask to add a reply node on the interesting node of each user’s concern. -Collaborative vocabulary For English class, give the task of making vocabulary with a certain topic. Each person can make nodes for his/her word with related information. -SNS import While doing collaboration, learners can import their SNS data. For example, they can import Facebook postings, Twitter posting and Delicious bookmark information as mindmap nodes. The imported nodes are shared with other map users, increasing work efficiency. -Moodle activity (moodle.org) The OKMindmap collaboration activity can be included as Moodle activity. Learners can access this activity as a component in the context of whole classroom activities. -Mobile environment The service is available using mobile devices. iPhone, iPad, and Galaxy tab can access the service and collaborate on web environment. The collaboration activities can be extended to Quiz and brain storming. Learners can be asked to enter the node simultaneously to answer to the instructor. This method allows instructors to use OKMindmap as interactive quiz tools for learning. Figure 5. Collaboration vocabulary map building Figure 6. SNS Importing function Use cases for knowledge portal OKMindmap can be used as information organizer. Combined with the other tools, the role of knowledge portal can be maximized. -iGoogle iGoogle is a service provided by Google. User can make his own portal service by combining gadgets which is provided by iGoogle service. OKMindmap can be used as a gadget and the site can be used effectively with other useful gadgets for personal information portal. Figure 9. iGoogle with OKMindmap Figure 8. Moodle activity Figure 7. Mobile GUI -Student map One of the best ways to use mindmap is to ask the learner to make his/her own map after the class session. This activity will help to organize the knowledge he/she learned, and add knowledge henceforth, resulting continuing refreshment and embodiment of knowledge acquired. -ePortfolio ePortfolio can be used both for teaching and learning. Student’s ePortfolio is the collection of his work and references. For teaching ePortfolio, the teaching strategy can be added. Instructional design or plan can be inscribed into mindmap with structural format of instructional style. Digital documents (PPTs, Docs, or images) for class can be placed as web resources and can be provided as a web link of mindmap. Other resources like class learning result, web site information, and previous class activity record or analysis will help teachers to teach effectively. Figure 10. Mindmap ePortfolio Figure 11. Mindmap of this paper (http://goo.gl/y3SlB) CONCLUSION Mindmap is a good education tool. Web accessibility enhances the value of the mindmap allowing collaboration between learners. In addition to that, SNS was integrated to bring the data into the learning environment. The application of mindmap is so broad. They are categorized by 3 domains in this paper; mindmap as a content, mindmap for collaboration activity, and mindmap for learning knowledge portal. The usage of mindmap will enhance the leaner’s interest and learning outcome. The detailed implementation is directly applicable to real smart learning environment. The OKMindmap service is open source software and can be used free for educational usage. Mindmap of this paper is available on http://goo.gl/y3SlB . REFERENCES http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_mind_mapping_software http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/FreeMind Measurement, pp.205-214, 2004. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/XMIND http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Compendium http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/VUE Wikipedia (2010), http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_mind_mapping_software , Univ. of Toronto Scarborough, http://webapps.utsc.utoronto.ca/ccweb/training/eportfolio ICT@Rokeby dare to be the best, http://msmilki.com/Eportfoliomw.aspx , Pau Kim, Stanford educator promotes Mideast peace through technology Wikipedia (2010), http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Social_network_service Innovative Educator, http://theinnovativeeducator.blogspot.com/2008/04/social-networking-for-innovative.html Moodle, http://moodle.org C4LPT, http://www.c4lpt.co.uk/handbook/comparison.html Kevin P. Brady, Lori B. Holcomb, and Bethany V. Smith (2010), The Use of Alternative Social Networking Sites in Higher Educational Settings: A Case Study of the E-Learning Benefits of Ning in Education, Journal of Interactive Online Learning, Volume 9, Number 2 University of Oxford (Department of Education), Nottingham University (Learning Sciences Research Institute, LSRI), Sero consulting, Kable (part of the Guardian media group) and Oakleigh Consulting Ltd, for Becta (2008), Analysis of emerging trends affecting the use of technology in education Jinhoon Jang and Won Ho (2010), Mobile Moodle and Twitter Integration, Proceedings of The 1st Spring Conference of the Society of e-Learning April 9th, pp222-225 Facebook API for FQL, http://developers.facebook.com/docs/reference/fql/Facebook API, http://developers.facebook.com/docs/guides/performance

Description
Creation, management, and maintenance of knowledge are important eLearning issues. Knowledge can be represented in relation to other knowledge. Well defined relationship is core property of good knowledge representation. Among various knowledge manipulation tools, mindmap is very informal and simple compare to concept map, but it is very easy and flexible to use. Mindmap can be applied to various knowledge fields such as learning and business. There are some mindmap application software and services, but web-based mindmap are mostly Adobe Flash or special plug-in based. OKmindmap is a cross browsing mindmap service. This service doesn’t need any installation of plug-in for Web browser. Many users can collaboratively work on same mindmap from different place. Twitter posts, Facebook posts, Delicious bookmarking, and Google search results can be integrated by using mash up service. The teaching will be more interactive and collaborative with this tool features. It can be used for knowledge delivery, sharing, and reusing. For learning, this tool can be used as presentation tool, collaborative activity facilitator, and information organizer. The implementations of each use case will be proposed as prototypes and running tips will be addressed.

Dr. Won Ho is professor at Kongju National University. ISO/IEC Dr. Won Ho is a member of JTC1/SC36, Jinotech Consulting Professor, Korean Moodle User, and Community member and Vice President of eLearning Society.

From 2009 to 2011, Professor Won Ho was a committee chair for planning two eLearning Korean National Projects.

In 2006, he was the consulting professor for Cyber Home Learning System of KERIS.


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Andrea

Okay overview but not exactly what I am looking for.

98 days 12 hours 42 minutes ago

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