# Mathematics Test: Percentage and Profit/Loss

48%

43%

40%

38%

If I gain 70 paisa on Rs. 70, what is my gain per cent?

10%

7%

9%

1%

In what time will Rs.500 give Rs.50 as interest at the rate of 5% per annum simple interest?

2 years

3 years

4 years

5 years

What price should a shopkeeper mark on an article costing him Rs.153 to gain 20% after allowing a discount of 15%?

Rs.162

Rs.184

Rs.216

Rs.224

Successive discount of 10%, 12% and 15% amount to a single discount of:

35.28%

36.68%

37%

None of these

Which of the following multipliers will cause a number to be increased by 25.3%?

12.53

125.3

1.253

1253

When the price of radio was reduced by 20%, its sale increased by 80%. What was the net effect on the sale?

44% increase

44% decrease

66% increase

75% increase

In a certain store, the profit is 320% of the cost. If the cost increase by 25% but the selling price remains constant, approximately what percentage of the selling price is the profit?

30%

70%

100%

250%

If two number are respectively 20% and 50% of a third number, what is the percentage of the first number to the second?

10

20

30

40

The ratio of the prices of two houses A and B was 4 : 5 last year. This year, the price of A is increased by 25% and that of B by Rs.50,000. if their prices are now in the ratio 9 : 10, The price of A last year was:

Rs. 3,60,000

Rs.4,50,000

Rs.4,80,000

Rs.5,00,000

If a certain sum of money becomes double at simple interest in 12 years, what would be the rate of interest per annum?

8 1/3

10

12

14

A shopkeeper sells two radios at Rs.1540 each. On one he gain 12% and on the other he loses 12%. What was the net result of the sale of both the radios?

No loss no profit

Gain of Rs.165

Loss of Rs. 45

Gain of Rs.45

Two equal sums were borrowed at 8% simple interest per annum for 2 years and 3 years respectively. The difference in the interests was Rs. 56. The sums borrowed were:

Rs.690

Rs.700

Rs.740

Rs.780

A piece of cloth costs Rs.35. If the length of the piece would have been 4 m longer and each metre costs Re.1 less, the cost would have remained unchanged. How long is the piece?

14 m

10 m

12 m

9 m

A horse and a carriage together cost Rs.8,000. If by selling the horse at a profit of 10% and the carriage at a loss of 10% a total profit of 2.5% is made, then what is the cost price of the horse?

Rs.3,000

Rs. 3,500

Rs.4,000

Rs. 5,000

In a co-educational school there are 15 more girls than boys. If the number of girls is increased by 16% there would be nine more girls than boys. What is the number of student in the school?

140

125

265

255

A shopkeeper allows a discount of 10% on his goods. For cash payments, he further allows a discount of 20%. Find a single discount equivalent of the above offer.

30%

18%

28%

15%

A sum of money becomes eight times in 3 years if the rate is compounded annually. In how much time the same amount at the same compound interest rate will become sixteen times?

6 years

4 years

8 years

5 years

A loss of 19% gets converted into a profit of 17% when the selling price is increased by Rs.162. find the cost price of the article.

Rs.450

Rs. 600

Rs. 360

Rs. 540

Two-third of one-seventh of a number is 87.5% of 240. What is the number?

2670

2450

2205

1470

The digit at unit’s place of a two-digit number is increased by 100% and the ten’s digit of the same number is increased by 50%. The new number thus formed is 19 more than the original number. What is the original number?

22

63

24

None of these

A machine is sold at a profit of 10% . Had it been sold for Rs. 80 less, there would have been a loss of 10% The cost price of the machine is :

Rs.350

Rs.400

Rs.450

Rs.520

A man gains 10% by selling a certain article for a certain price. If he sells it at double the price then the profit made is:

120%

60%

100%

80%

A house costs C rupees. Latter it was sold for a profit of 25%. What is the capital gains tax if it is 50% of the profit?

C/24

C/8

C/4

C/2

How much water must be added to 100 cc of 80% solution of boric acid to reduce it to a 50% solution?

30

40

50

60

A salesman average Rs.240 during a normal 40-hour week. During a sale, his rates are increased by 50%. What is his commission if he puts in 60 hours during the sale?

390

540

600

640

A machine is sold at a profit of 10%. Had it been sold for Rs.40 less, there would have been a loss of 10%. What was the cost price?

175

200

225

250

I derive an annual income of Rs.688.25 from Rs.10000 invested partly at 8% per annum and partly at 5% per annum simple interest. How much of my money is invested at 5%?

Rs.3,725

Rs.4,225

Rs.4,800

Rs.5,000

An inspector rejects 0.08% of the meters as defective. How many will he examine to reject 2?

200

250

2500

3000

The sale price of an article including the sale tax is Rs. 616. The rate of sale tax is 10%. If the shopkeeper has made a profit if 12%,then the cost price of the article is:

Rs.500

Rs.515

Rs.550

Rs.600

After having spent 35% of the money on machinery, 40% on raw material and 10% on staff, a person is left with Rs.60,000. The total amount of money spent on machinery and raw material is:

Rs.1,76,000

Rs.1,70,000

Rs. 3,00,000

Rs.3,40,000

Ravi sells an article at a gain of 12 ½%. If he had sold it at Rs.22.50 more, he would have gained 25%. The cost price of the article is:

Rs.162

Rs.140

Rs.196

Rs.180

If selling price is doubled, the profit triples. Find the profit per cent.

66 2/3

100

105 1/3

120

If 50% of the 2 : 3 solution of milk and water is replaced with water, then the concentration of the solution is reduced by:

25%

33.33%

50%

75%

If the difference between the simple and the compound interests on same principal amount at 20% for 3 years is Rs.48, then the principal amount must be:

Rs.650

Rs.600

Rs.375

Rs.400

Vishal goes to a shop to buy a radio costing Rs. 2568. the rate of sale tax is 7%. He tells the shopkeeper to reduce the price of the radio to such an extent that he has to pay rs.2568, inclusive of sales tax. Find the reduction needed in the price of the radio.

Rs.179.76

Rs.170

Rs.168

Rs.169

Sunder purchased an office bag with a price tag of Rs.600 in a sale where 25% discount was being offered on the tag price. He was given a further discount of 10% on the amount arrived at after usual 25% discount. What was the final amount paid by sunder

Rs.210

Rs.540

Rs.405

Rs.450

A bought 4 bottle of beer and B bought one bottle of lager, lager per bottle costing twice that of the beer. C bought nothing but paid Rs.50, for his share of the drink which they mixed together and shared equally. If C’s Rs.50 covered his share, then what is the cost of the lager?

50

75

30

46

If A’s salary is 25% higher than B’s salary, then how much per cent is B’s salary lower than A’s?

15%

20%

25%

33 1/3 %

The difference between the simple interest and the compound interest compounded annually at the rate of 12% per annum on Rs.5000 for two years will be :

Rs.17.50

Rs.36

Rs.45

Rs.72

A reduction of 20% in the price of sugar enables a purchaser to obtain 2 ½ kg more for Rs. 160. Find the original price per kg of sugar.

Rs.12

Rs.15

Rs.16

Rs.18

Successive discounts of 20% and 15% are equivalent to a single discount of:

35%

32%

17.5%

17%

Two equal sums of money were invested, one at 4 % and the other at 4 ½ . At the end of 7 years, the simple interest received from the former by Rs. 31.50. Each sum was:

Rs.1000

Rs.500

Rs.750

Rs.900

If the cost of 12 pencils is equal to the selling price of 10 pencils, the profit per cent in the transaction is:

16 2/3 %

18%

20%

25%

Two motor cars were sold for Rs.9,900 each, gaining 10% on one and losing 10% on the other. The gain or loss per cent in the whole transaction is:

Neither loss no gain

1% gain

100/99 % profit

1% loss

A manufacturer offers a 20% rebate on the marked price of a product. The retailer offers another 30% rebate on the reduced price. The two reduction are equal to single reduction of:

50%

44%

46%

40%

The retail price of a water geyser is Rs. 1265. If the manufacturer gain 10%, the wholesale dealer gains 15% and the retailer gains 25% then the cost of the product is:

Rs.800

Rs.900

Rs.700

Rs.600

The population of a variety of tiny bush in an experimental field increased by 10% in the first year, increased by 8% in the second year but decreased by 10% in the third year. If the present number of bushes in the experimental field is 26730, then the number of variety of bushes in the beginning was:

35000

27000

25000

36000

Shatabdi Express has a capacity of 500 seats of which 10% are in the Executive class and the rest being chair cars. During one journey, the train was booked to 85% of its capacity. If Executive class was booked to 96% of its capacity then how many chair car seats were empty during that journey?

75

73

71

None of these

By selling 33 meters of cloth, a shopkeeper gains the price of 11 meters of cloth. His gain per cent is:

7%

50%

20%

22%

**Description:**

The current test focuses on the Percentage related questions of Mathematics. Primarily focusing on the Profit and Loss with SI and CI

**Discussion**

if the price of an article is increased by 25 %, the increase is Rs. 10. Find the new price

15 days 11 hours ago

a man sells two houses at the rate of rs.3lakh each.on one he gains 5% and on the other he loses 5%.his gain or loss percent in the whole transaction is:

125 days 13 hours 34 minutes ago

love this test,fantastic for those who are wek on mathematics or beginers

Thanks

1499 days 16 hours 41 minutes ago

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