Gerund or Infinitive? Online Test
I miss ____ in London.
I enjoyed ____ them again.
He avoided ____ them do it because he wanted to get home early.
I promised ____ it by Friday.
She's expected ____ the job.
Would you like ____?
They don't tolerate any ____ about their decisions.
She taught me ____ it.
I don't feel like ____ it.
Do you mind ____ it with you?
Both gerunds and infinitives can be nouns, which means they can do just about anything that a noun can do. Although they name things, like other nouns, they normally name activities rather than people or objects.
Gerunds and infintives can both function as the subject of a sentence:
Playing basketball takes up too much of her time.
To play basketball for UConn is her favorite fantasy.
It is not impossible for an infinitive to appear at the beginning of a sentence as the subject (as in Ib), but it is more common for an infinitive to appear as a Subject Complement:
Her favorite fantasy is to play basketball for UConn.
The gerund can also play this role:
Her favorite fantasy is playing basketball for UConn.
Both of these verbal forms can further identify a noun when they play the role of Noun Complement and Appositive:
Her desire to play basketball for UConn became an obsession.
I could never understand her desire to play basketball for UConn.
Her one burning desire in life, playing basketball for UConn, seemed a goal within reach.
The infinitive is often a complement used to help define an abstract noun. Here is a very partial list of abstract nouns, enough to suggest their nature. Try following these adjectives with an infinitive phrase (their desire to play in the championship game, a motivation to pass all their courses, her permission to stay up late, a gentle reminder to do your work) to see how the phrase modifies and focuses the noun.advice
Infinitive phrases often follow certain adjectives. When this happens, the infinitive is said to play the role of Adjective Complement. (This is not a noun function, but we will include it here nonetheless.)
She was hesitant to tell the coach of her plan.
She was reluctant to tell her parents, also.
But she would not have been content to play high school ball forever.
Here is a list of adjectives that you will often find in such constructions.ahead
Although we do not find many infinitives in this next category, it is not uncommon to find gerunds taking on the role of Object of a Preposition
And, finally, both gerunds and infinitives can act as a Direct Object:
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