Chronic _____ damages many organs and systems and can result in blindness, the need for amputation due to poor circulation, and other problems.
The gonadotropins _____ and _____ are produced during and after puberty: they regulate the function of the ovaries and testes, and control egg and sperm production. They are made by the _____.
In humans, the principle glucocorticoid is ___________.
_____ enter the cell and interact directly with DNA and nuclear factors to bring about changes in gene expression.
_____ is a strong stimulant of uterine contractions and controls the secretion (not theproduction) of milk in response to a baby's suckling. It is released from the _____ but produced by the _____.
Which gland produces hormones that help regulate metabolism of carbohydrates, lipids, and proteins?
In the pancreas, _____ cells produce insulin; _____ cells produce glucagon.
The third hormone produced by the thyroid is unlike the other two: it helps to regulate_____ metabolism, and is called _____.
_____ signals are similar to hormones in many ways, but act only on neighboring cells, not on distant targets.
There are two types of diabetes: in type I, the pancreas _____; in type II, the body's cells are _____.