There are two types of diabetes: in type I, the pancreas _____; in type II, the body's cells are _____.
_____ signals are similar to hormones in many ways, but act only on neighboring cells, not on distant targets.
The third hormone produced by the thyroid is unlike the other two: it helps to regulate_____ metabolism, and is called _____.
In the pancreas, _____ cells produce insulin; _____ cells produce glucagon.
Which gland produces hormones that help regulate metabolism of carbohydrates, lipids, and proteins?
_____ is a strong stimulant of uterine contractions and controls the secretion (not theproduction) of milk in response to a baby's suckling. It is released from the _____ but produced by the _____.
_____ enter the cell and interact directly with DNA and nuclear factors to bring about changes in gene expression.
In humans, the principle glucocorticoid is ___________.
The gonadotropins _____ and _____ are produced during and after puberty: they regulate the function of the ovaries and testes, and control egg and sperm production. They are made by the _____.
Chronic _____ damages many organs and systems and can result in blindness, the need for amputation due to poor circulation, and other problems.