Short AP Euroepan History practice Exam Online Test

The term “collective security’’ would most likely be discussed in which of the following studies?
A book on the twentieth-century welfare state
A monograph on Soviet agricultural policy during the 1920’s
A book on Bismarckian imperialism
A treatise on Social Darwinism
A work on European diplomacy during the 1930’s

Women agricultural workers tended to be younger than their male counterparts.
Women were shut out of agricultural labor when the overall number of farm laborers decreased.
Women worked more as skilled professionals than as unskilled agricultural workers.
When women reached childbearing age, they stopped working in agriculture.
The majority of Soviet farm workers were women.
Albert Einstein’s theory of relativity proposed
a new structure for the atom
a new conception of space and time
the fundamental concepts for developing the computer
the origin of the universe from the explosion of a single mass
the particulate nature of light
Which of the following occurred at the Munich Conference in September 1938?
Britain and France approved the surrender of the Sudetenland to Germany.
The Soviet Union left the conference after seeing the terms of the agreement.
Italy refused to support Germany.
Germany was given all of Czechoslovakia.
Winston Churchill convinced all parties to agree to a reasonable compromise.
The Eiffel Tower, dedicated in Paris in 1889, was conceived and built for all of the following reasons EXCEPT to
create a laboratory for meteorological and astronomical observations
express the technological optimism of the late nineteenth century
enhance France’s self-image after its defeat by Germany
create a center for a vast international radio network
commemorate the hundredth anniversary of the French Revolution
Which of the following nineteenth-century Italian figures actively sought to prevent the unification of Italy?
Camillo di Cavour
Giuseppe Mazzini
Victor Emmanuel II
Giuseppe Garibaldi
Pius IX

sulphuric acid
salted cod
The close relationship between Romanticism and religion during the nineteenth century was strengthened by the fact that both
found a common ground in the Enlightenment
emphasized the benefits to society of new industrial technology
appealed almost exclusively to the middle class
opposed imperialist expansion
stressed the unity of the emotions and the will
Which of the following was an outcome of the settlement at the Congress of Vienna (1814-1815)?
The restoration to power of many of the dynasties deposed by the French Revolution and by Napoleon I
The division of Europe based on the principle of aligning territorial boundaries with the national sentiments of the inhabitants
The award of overseas colonial territories to several countries that made significant contributions to the defeat of Napoleon I
The recognition of the right of a people to choose whom they would accept as their lawful ruler
The creation of a unified German state through the reestablishment of the Holy Roman Empire
The Industrial Revolution in eighteenth-century England primarily involved new techniques in
shoe manufacturing
textile production
ship construction
furniture manufacturing
steel production
The enlightened monarchs of the eighteenth century would most likely have favored which of the following?
The Society of Jesus
Written constitutions
The abolition of organized religion
The codification of laws
Royal succession based on ability instead of birth
Which of the following is a true statement about marriage in continental Europe from approximately 1600 to 1750?
Churches gave their authority over marriage to the state.
Marriage was tightly controlled by the law and by parental authority.
Love had no place in marriage.
Marriage was undertaken without considering the economic implications.
Most women married after the age of thirty-five.
Between 1629 and 1639, Charles I of England tried to obtain revenues by all of the following means EXCEPT
the levying of ship money
income from crown lands
forced loans
the sale of monopolies
grants from Parliament
Which of the following groups was instrumental in ending the Wars of Religion (1562-1598) in France?
A group of Roman Catholics and Protestants called thepolitiques
The French Calvinist nobility
Roman Catholic priests led by the papal nuncio
A coalition between lower-class Calvinists and Roman Catholics
The Huguenots
A central feature of the Catholic Reformation was the
Roman Catholic Church’s inability to correct abuses
establishment of new religious orders, such as the Jesuits
transfer of authority from Rome to the bishoprics
rejection of Baroque art
toleration of Protestants in Roman Catholic countries

medieval Scholasticism
the Rococo period
the Italian Renaissance
the Baroque era
Which of the following corresponded with the end of the Cold War in Europe?
An increase in ethnic and nationalistic tensions
An increase in the political power of trade unions
A decline in trade among European nations
A decline in the influence of Germany in European politics
An increase in the influence of Marxist ideology in European politics
The writings of Simone de Beauvoir strongly influenced which of the following intellectual movements?
Fascism and Social Darwinism
Historicism and Romanticism
Christian Socialism and environmentalism
Logical Positivism and Marxism
Existentialism and feminism

the Soviet blockade of Berlin in 1948-1949
Soviet export policies of the 1950’s
the installation of Soviet missiles in Cuba in 1962
the Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia in 1968
the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991
The aim of the Soviet Union’s First Five-Year Plan was to
acquire foreign capital
produce an abundance of consumer goods
encourage agricultural production by subsidizing the kulaks
build up heavy industry
put industrial policy in the hands of the proletariat
One of the chief influences of the French Revolution and the Napoleonic Wars (1789-1815) on Europe outside of France was that they
encouraged a spirit of compromise between the nobility and the middle class
discouraged the expansion of the growing network of intra-European canals and roads
strengthened German nationalism
led to widespread freeing of the serfs in Eastern Europe
opened the way for woman suffrage

material wealth of post-Second World War Europe
alienation in modern society
obsession of contemporary European culture with athletic prowess
scarcity of sculpting materials in Italy immediately after the Second World War
revival of Renaissance Humanism
All of the following were aspects of the British social welfare program as it developed between 1906 and 1916 EXCEPT
a minimum-wage law
old-age pensions
guaranteed annual income
accident and sickness insurance
unemployment benefits
“I know that society may be formed so as to exist without crime, without poverty, with health greatly improved, with little, if any, misery, and with intelligence and happiness increased a hundred-fold; and no obstacle whatsoever intervenes at this moment, except ignorance, to prevent such a state of society from becoming universal.’’ The quotation above best illustrates the ideology of which of the following?
Utopian socialism
Classical liberalism
The Protestant Reformation helped change the social roles of sixteenth-century women by
making marriage a sacrament
reemphasizing the adoration of the Virgin Mary
reducing access to religious orders
emphasizing the social equality of men and women
denying the right to divorce
All of the following are associated with the commercial revolution in early modern Europe EXCEPT
an increase in the number of entrepreneurial capitalists
the appearance of state-chartered trading companies
a large influx of precious metals into Europe
an expansion of the guild system
a “golden age” for the Netherlands
“The power of population is infinitely greater than the power in the earth to produce subsistence for man. Population, when unchecked, increases in a geometric ratio. Subsistence only increases in an arithmetic ratio. A slight acquaintance with the numbers will show the immensity of the first power in comparison with the second.’’ The argument presented above is fundamental to
Adam Smith’s belief in the natural laws of production and exchange
Hegel’s theory of the process of change
Malthus’ belief in the inevitability of working-class poverty
Charles Darwin’s theory of biological evolution
Marx’s theory of class conflict
Which of the following factors led most immediately to the convening of the French Estates-General in May 1789?
The conflict between the bourgeoisie and the peasantry
The Roman Catholic Church’s support of discontented factions in French society
The agitation of the peasantry
Competition among elitist groups for royal approval
The impending bankruptcy of the French government
Frederick the Great (1740-1786) contributed most to the rise of Prussia as a major European power by
maintaining traditional dynastic alliances
annexing the Hapsburg province of Silesia
promoting religious toleration
encouraging the arts
instituting judicial reforms
As Great Britain developed economically after 1750, it required all of the following EXCEPT
more raw materials from abroad
more markets abroad
improved transport facilities
more investment capital
a greater percentage of people employed in agriculture
“Men being by nature all free, equal, and independent, no one can be put out of this estate and subjected to the political power of another without his own consent, which is done by agreeing with other men, to join and unite into a community for their comfortable, safe, and peaceable living in a secure enjoyment of their properties.’’ The quotation above is from a work by
John Locke
Francis Bacon
Edmund Burke
Adam Smith
After the Second World War, most Western European states sought to develop policies that
made individuals responsible for paying most of their own health care costs
provided improved medical and social services for women and children
eliminated unemployment for the working class
abolished private enterprise, replacing it with government ownership of all businesses
reestablished the churches and private charities as the primary sources of aid to the poor
Which of the following characterizes the size of the population of Europe during the eighteenth century?
It increased rapidly.
It stayed about the same.
It declined.
It dropped drastically in western Europe, but rose in eastern Europe.
It dropped drastically in eastern Europe, but rose in western Europe.
The reign of Peter the Great of Russia (1682-1725) resulted in which of the following?
The abolition of the Russian Orthodox Church
The territorial expansion of Russia
The weakening of serfdom
A decrease in the tax burden on poor peasants
The emergence of a wealthy middle class
In comparison to a preindustrial economy, the most distinctive feature of a modern economy is its
greater capacity to sustain growth over time
increased democratization of the workplace
lower wages for the literate middle class
lack of economic cycles
elimination of hunger and poverty

controlled by Protestant rulers
where the Renaissance first occurred
ruled by the Hapsburg family
ruled by the Bourbon family
affected most by urbanization and the commercial revolution

the spread of democratic ideals during this period
new developments in architecture
emerging differences between medieval and early modern religious practices
the increasing emphasis on scientific measurement and observation
astronomers’ rediscovery of the Ptolemaic system
In early modern Europe, women were accused of practicing witchcraft more often than were men because of the belief that women
lived longer
had too much political power
had more money
were more prone to violence
were more vulnerable to temptation

The following 38 questions are examples of the kinds of multiple-choice questions found on the examination. Their distribution among themes, levels of difficulty, and chronological periods approximates the composition of the examination as a whole

Mark Cruthers
AP US History Teacher
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