Short AP Euroepan History practice Exam Online Test

In early modern Europe, women were accused of practicing witchcraft more often than were men because of the belief that women
were more vulnerable to temptation
were more prone to violence
had more money
had too much political power
lived longer

astronomers’ rediscovery of the Ptolemaic system
the increasing emphasis on scientific measurement and observation
emerging differences between medieval and early modern religious practices
new developments in architecture
the spread of democratic ideals during this period

affected most by urbanization and the commercial revolution
ruled by the Bourbon family
ruled by the Hapsburg family
where the Renaissance first occurred
controlled by Protestant rulers
In comparison to a preindustrial economy, the most distinctive feature of a modern economy is its
elimination of hunger and poverty
lack of economic cycles
lower wages for the literate middle class
increased democratization of the workplace
greater capacity to sustain growth over time
The reign of Peter the Great of Russia (1682-1725) resulted in which of the following?
The emergence of a wealthy middle class
A decrease in the tax burden on poor peasants
The weakening of serfdom
The territorial expansion of Russia
The abolition of the Russian Orthodox Church
Which of the following characterizes the size of the population of Europe during the eighteenth century?
It dropped drastically in eastern Europe, but rose in western Europe.
It dropped drastically in western Europe, but rose in eastern Europe.
It declined.
It stayed about the same.
It increased rapidly.
After the Second World War, most Western European states sought to develop policies that
reestablished the churches and private charities as the primary sources of aid to the poor
abolished private enterprise, replacing it with government ownership of all businesses
eliminated unemployment for the working class
provided improved medical and social services for women and children
made individuals responsible for paying most of their own health care costs
“Men being by nature all free, equal, and independent, no one can be put out of this estate and subjected to the political power of another without his own consent, which is done by agreeing with other men, to join and unite into a community for their comfortable, safe, and peaceable living in a secure enjoyment of their properties.’’ The quotation above is from a work by
Adam Smith
Voltaire
Edmund Burke
Francis Bacon
John Locke
As Great Britain developed economically after 1750, it required all of the following EXCEPT
a greater percentage of people employed in agriculture
more investment capital
improved transport facilities
more markets abroad
more raw materials from abroad
Frederick the Great (1740-1786) contributed most to the rise of Prussia as a major European power by
instituting judicial reforms
encouraging the arts
promoting religious toleration
annexing the Hapsburg province of Silesia
maintaining traditional dynastic alliances
Which of the following factors led most immediately to the convening of the French Estates-General in May 1789?
The impending bankruptcy of the French government
Competition among elitist groups for royal approval
The agitation of the peasantry
The Roman Catholic Church’s support of discontented factions in French society
The conflict between the bourgeoisie and the peasantry
“The power of population is infinitely greater than the power in the earth to produce subsistence for man. Population, when unchecked, increases in a geometric ratio. Subsistence only increases in an arithmetic ratio. A slight acquaintance with the numbers will show the immensity of the first power in comparison with the second.’’ The argument presented above is fundamental to
Marx’s theory of class conflict
Charles Darwin’s theory of biological evolution
Malthus’ belief in the inevitability of working-class poverty
Hegel’s theory of the process of change
Adam Smith’s belief in the natural laws of production and exchange
All of the following are associated with the commercial revolution in early modern Europe EXCEPT
a “golden age” for the Netherlands
an expansion of the guild system
a large influx of precious metals into Europe
the appearance of state-chartered trading companies
an increase in the number of entrepreneurial capitalists
The Protestant Reformation helped change the social roles of sixteenth-century women by
denying the right to divorce
emphasizing the social equality of men and women
reducing access to religious orders
reemphasizing the adoration of the Virgin Mary
making marriage a sacrament
“I know that society may be formed so as to exist without crime, without poverty, with health greatly improved, with little, if any, misery, and with intelligence and happiness increased a hundred-fold; and no obstacle whatsoever intervenes at this moment, except ignorance, to prevent such a state of society from becoming universal.’’ The quotation above best illustrates the ideology of which of the following?
Syndicalism
Marxism
Fascism
Classical liberalism
Utopian socialism
All of the following were aspects of the British social welfare program as it developed between 1906 and 1916 EXCEPT
unemployment benefits
accident and sickness insurance
guaranteed annual income
old-age pensions
a minimum-wage law

revival of Renaissance Humanism
scarcity of sculpting materials in Italy immediately after the Second World War
obsession of contemporary European culture with athletic prowess
alienation in modern society
material wealth of post-Second World War Europe
One of the chief influences of the French Revolution and the Napoleonic Wars (1789-1815) on Europe outside of France was that they
opened the way for woman suffrage
led to widespread freeing of the serfs in Eastern Europe
strengthened German nationalism
discouraged the expansion of the growing network of intra-European canals and roads
encouraged a spirit of compromise between the nobility and the middle class
The aim of the Soviet Union’s First Five-Year Plan was to
put industrial policy in the hands of the proletariat
build up heavy industry
encourage agricultural production by subsidizing the kulaks
produce an abundance of consumer goods
acquire foreign capital

the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991
the Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia in 1968
the installation of Soviet missiles in Cuba in 1962
Soviet export policies of the 1950’s
the Soviet blockade of Berlin in 1948-1949
The writings of Simone de Beauvoir strongly influenced which of the following intellectual movements?
Existentialism and feminism
Logical Positivism and Marxism
Christian Socialism and environmentalism
Historicism and Romanticism
Fascism and Social Darwinism
Which of the following corresponded with the end of the Cold War in Europe?
An increase in the influence of Marxist ideology in European politics
A decline in the influence of Germany in European politics
A decline in trade among European nations
An increase in the political power of trade unions
An increase in ethnic and nationalistic tensions

the Baroque era
Romanticism
the Italian Renaissance
the Rococo period
medieval Scholasticism
A central feature of the Catholic Reformation was the
toleration of Protestants in Roman Catholic countries
rejection of Baroque art
transfer of authority from Rome to the bishoprics
establishment of new religious orders, such as the Jesuits
Roman Catholic Church’s inability to correct abuses
Which of the following groups was instrumental in ending the Wars of Religion (1562-1598) in France?
The Huguenots
A coalition between lower-class Calvinists and Roman Catholics
Roman Catholic priests led by the papal nuncio
The French Calvinist nobility
A group of Roman Catholics and Protestants called thepolitiques
Between 1629 and 1639, Charles I of England tried to obtain revenues by all of the following means EXCEPT
grants from Parliament
the sale of monopolies
forced loans
income from crown lands
the levying of ship money
Which of the following is a true statement about marriage in continental Europe from approximately 1600 to 1750?
Most women married after the age of thirty-five.
Marriage was undertaken without considering the economic implications.
Love had no place in marriage.
Marriage was tightly controlled by the law and by parental authority.
Churches gave their authority over marriage to the state.
The enlightened monarchs of the eighteenth century would most likely have favored which of the following?
Royal succession based on ability instead of birth
The codification of laws
The abolition of organized religion
Written constitutions
The Society of Jesus
The Industrial Revolution in eighteenth-century England primarily involved new techniques in
steel production
furniture manufacturing
ship construction
textile production
shoe manufacturing
Which of the following was an outcome of the settlement at the Congress of Vienna (1814-1815)?
The creation of a unified German state through the reestablishment of the Holy Roman Empire
The recognition of the right of a people to choose whom they would accept as their lawful ruler
The award of overseas colonial territories to several countries that made significant contributions to the defeat of Napoleon I
The division of Europe based on the principle of aligning territorial boundaries with the national sentiments of the inhabitants
The restoration to power of many of the dynasties deposed by the French Revolution and by Napoleon I
The close relationship between Romanticism and religion during the nineteenth century was strengthened by the fact that both
stressed the unity of the emotions and the will
opposed imperialist expansion
appealed almost exclusively to the middle class
emphasized the benefits to society of new industrial technology
found a common ground in the Enlightenment

copper
iron
wheat
salted cod
sulphuric acid
Which of the following nineteenth-century Italian figures actively sought to prevent the unification of Italy?
Pius IX
Giuseppe Garibaldi
Victor Emmanuel II
Giuseppe Mazzini
Camillo di Cavour
The Eiffel Tower, dedicated in Paris in 1889, was conceived and built for all of the following reasons EXCEPT to
commemorate the hundredth anniversary of the French Revolution
create a center for a vast international radio network
enhance France’s self-image after its defeat by Germany
express the technological optimism of the late nineteenth century
create a laboratory for meteorological and astronomical observations
Which of the following occurred at the Munich Conference in September 1938?
Italy refused to support Germany.
Germany was given all of Czechoslovakia.
Winston Churchill convinced all parties to agree to a reasonable compromise.
The Soviet Union left the conference after seeing the terms of the agreement.
Britain and France approved the surrender of the Sudetenland to Germany.
Albert Einstein’s theory of relativity proposed
a new structure for the atom
a new conception of space and time
the fundamental concepts for developing the computer
the origin of the universe from the explosion of a single mass
the particulate nature of light

Women agricultural workers tended to be younger than their male counterparts.
Women were shut out of agricultural labor when the overall number of farm laborers decreased.
Women worked more as skilled professionals than as unskilled agricultural workers.
When women reached childbearing age, they stopped working in agriculture.
The majority of Soviet farm workers were women.
The term “collective security’’ would most likely be discussed in which of the following studies?
A book on the twentieth-century welfare state
A monograph on Soviet agricultural policy during the 1920’s
A book on Bismarckian imperialism
A treatise on Social Darwinism
A work on European diplomacy during the 1930’s
Description:

The following 38 questions are examples of the kinds of multiple-choice questions found on the examination. Their distribution among themes, levels of difficulty, and chronological periods approximates the composition of the examination as a whole

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