The 1996 AP US History practice Exam Online Test

Which of the following statements best describes the clothing industry in the late nineteenth century?
Because of the emphasis on domesticity, clothing manufacture became primarily a home industry.
The discovery of new fabrics such as nylon and polyester led to more comfortable and functional clothing.
The United States began to import increasing quantities of clothing, sending American industries into a depression.
Styles became increasingly ornate and clothing became much more expensive.
The sewing machine made mass manufacturing of clothing possible and clothing more affordable.
Secretary of the Treasury Andrew Mellon's policies did which of the following?
Reduced income-tax rates for the wealthy to release money for private investment.
Provided aid to the Allies during the First World War.
Provided federal guarantees for bank deposits.
Restricted loans to Mexico after the Tampico and Veracruz incidents.
Combated the Depression by giving lower-income groups more purchasing power.
In Marbury v. Madison, the United States Supreme Court affirmed
its right to determine the constitutionality of state court decisions
its right to determine the constitutionality of state laws
its right to determine the constitutionality of congressional enactments
the sanctity of property rights against harassment by unfriendly state legislatures
the broad scope of the federal government's commerce power
Which of the following provisions of the Compromise of 1850 provoked the most controversy in the 1850's?
The admission of California as a free state
The establishment of the principle of popular sovereignty in the Mexican cession
The ban on the slave trade in the District of Columbia
The continued protection of slavery in the District of Columbia
The strengthened Fugitive Slave Law
Helen Hunt Jackson's "A Century of Dishonor" was significant because it aroused public awareness of the
injustice of having taken land from Mexico in the Southwest
need for reforms in federal land policy
wrongs that the federal government had inflicted on American Indians
hardships endured by Chinese laborers while building the transcontinental railroad
plight of sharecroppers in the Deep South
Which of the following is true of the Sherman Antitrust Ace of 1890?
It had little immediate impact on the regulation of large corporations.
It quickly limited the number of mergers taking place.
It led to federal control of the railroads.
It forced businesses to adopt pooling agreements.
It ended effective cooperation between business and the federal government.
During the First World War, the Committee on Public Information issued propaganda to persuade the American people of all of the following EXCEPT:
The United States was fighting for freedom and democracy.
The United States was fighting a barbarous nation.
Buying bonds was important to support the war effort.
A German invasion of the United States was a possibility.
Congress should reject the League of Nations.
Jefferson's purchase of Louisiana had its origins in his desire to
demonstrate friendship for the French in the Napoleonic Wars
oppose New England Federalism
acquire territory for the expansion of slavery
acquire a port to provide an outlet for western crops
remove the French from forts along the Mississippi valley
All of the following account for nativist sentiment against the "new immigrants" of the late nineteenth century EXCEPT that the immigrants
dominated the professions of law, medicine, and engineering
were not familiar with the United States political system
were willing to work for lower wages than were native-born workers
had different languages and cultures
practiced different religions
The Declaration of Independence did all the following EXCEPT
accuse George III of tyranny
criticize the provisions of the Quebec Act of 1774
appeal to the sympathies of the English people
call for the abolition of the slave trade
appeal to the philosophy of natural rights
Which of the following is a correct statement about Harry S. Truman?
He enjoyed the consistent support of Congress throughout his presidency.
He pursued an increasingly conciliatory foreign policy toward the Soviet Union following the Second World War.
He experienced few problems in the transition from a wartime to peacetime economy after the Second World War.
He enjoyed the consistent support of the public throughout his presidency.
He proposed, through the Fair Deal, to continue and expand the aims of the New Deal.
Woodrow Wilson hardened Senate opposition to the Treaty of Versailles by his refusal to compromise on the issue of
the unconditional adherence of the United States to the charter of the League of Nations
protectorate status for African colonies seized from Germany
the border between Italy and Yugoslavia
plebiscites to determine the new borders of Germany
reparations limited to the amount Germany could afford to pay
The Open Door policy of the early twentieth century called for
open access to China for American investment and commercial interests
unlimited European immigration into the United States
the elimination of passports for international travel
the opening of the United States markets to foreign goods
the continuation of the Monroe Doctrine in the Western Hemisphere
The North American colonies took advantage of Great Britain's policy of salutary neglect to
make favorable territorial settlements with the French
establish a standing army
introduce the practice of slavery into the New World
work out trade arrangements to acquire needed products from other countries
establish religious freedom as a fundamental right
Which of the following led immediately and directly to Theodore Roosevelt's issuance of the Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine?
American fear that financial instability in the Dominican Republic would lead to European intervention
American concern that a Japanese syndicate would attempt to purchase land near the Panama Canal
The arrest of an unarmed party of American sailors in Tampico, Mexico
General Augusto Sandino's insurrection against American troops occupying Nicaragua
Pancho Villa's armed raids into Texas and New Mexico
By the time of the American Revolution, most patriots had come to believe that, in republican government, sovereignty was located in
a centralized government
factions
state governments
Parliament
the people
In the seventeenth century, which of the following was true of slavery in British North America?
Most slaves lived on plantations with fifty or more slaves.
The number of slaves increased rapidly in the last quarter of the century.
Slaves officially accounted for more than thirty percent of the colonial population.
It was opposed by the Anglican Church.
It was prohibited only in Massachusetts and Connecticut.
The greatest achievement of the government under the Articles of Confederation was its establishment of
a termination date for the international slave trade
long-term sectional harmony
general postwar prosperity
a system for orderly settlement of the West
a bicameral legislature
The intent of the Dawes Act of 1887 was to
remove all American Indians to the Indian Territory (Oklahoma)
restore to American Indians land seized unjustly
legally establish the communal nature of American Indian landholding
recognize and preserve the tribal cultures of American Indians
assimilate American Indians into the mainstream of American culture
"We have pacified some thousands of the islanders and buried them; destroyed their fields; burned their villages, and turned their widows and orphans out-of-doors; subjugated the remaining ten millions by Benevolent assimilation_____And so, by these Providences of God___and the phrase is the government's, not mine___we are a World Power." The statement above was most probably made in reference to United States policy in the
confrontation with the Soviet Union over Cuba
acquisition of Puerto Rico and Cuba
occupation of the Philippines
annexation of the Hawaiian Islands
opening of Japan
Which of the following contributed most to the American victory in the Revolution?
The British failure to capture Philadelphia
Support from the French Canadians
A major American military victory at Valley Forge
The failure of Loyalists to participate in military action
French military and financial assistance
The 1970's and 1980's saw an increase in all of the following EXCEPT
the percentage of two-parent households
the number of women holding political office
support for consumer and environmental movements
the average age of Americans
the influence of Christian fundamentalism

1845
1821
1812
1800
1784

the Oregon Country
the Mexican Cession
the Louisiana Purchase
the Northwest Territory
Massachusetts' Western Reserve
Constitutional amendments enacted during the Progressive Era concerned all of the following EXCEPT
procedures for electing United States senators
prohibition of the sale of alcoholic beverages
extension of suffrage to women
imposition of poll taxes
imposition of an income tax
The issuance of the Monroe Doctrine did which of the following?
Asserted American independence in the realm of foreign policy.
Provided the basis for resolving Anglo-American border disputes.
Established the United States as the dominant economic power in South America.
Helped Secretary of State John Quincy Adams secure the presidency in 1824.
Reaffirmed George Washington's goal of United States neutrality in the Americas.
Accounts of North Vietnamese torpedo-boat attacks on United States destroyers in the Gulf of Tonkin during the summer of 1964 were used to justify which of the following United States actions in Vietnam?
Introduction of the Vietnamization program
Withdrawal of all American military advisers
Escalation of the American war effort
Discontinuation of American naval involvement
Delivery of a formal diplomatic protest to Hanoi
The high inflation rates of the late 1960's and 1970's were primarily the result of
deregulation of major industries
a decline in foreign trade
spending on social-welfare programs and the Vietnam War
increased investment in major industries
major state and federal tax increases
The farmers' protest movement lost momentum at the end of the 1890's for all of the following reasons EXCEPT
the absorption of the populists by the AFL (American Federation of Labor)
the 1898 Yukon gold strike that increased the United States government's supply of god and eased farmers' access to credit
crop failures in Europe that led to an increase in United States grain exports
massive immigration into urban areas that led to higher prices for agricultural products
the failure of the People's party in the 1896 election
When Thomas Jefferson said in 1802, "We are all republicans--we are all federalists," he meant that
he admired Hamilton's policies
The principles of American government were above party politics
the two parties' platforms were identical
federalists would be appointed to his cabinet
Americans would never ally themselves with monarchical governments
Richard Nixon's 1968 political comeback to win the presidency can be partly attributed to
Nixon's promise of immediate withdrawal of American forces from Vietnam
Nixon's great popularity as Eisenhower's vice president
Nixon's cordial relations with the news media
the defection of Black voters to the Republican party
dissension within the Democratic party over Vietnam
Which of the following beliefs was central to eighteenth-century Deism?
God's existence has been proven by supernatural revelation.
All human beings are born in sin.
Christ is the Redeemer of the human race.
God created a universe governed by natural law.
God gave the Bible to human beings to guide their behavior.
The assembly-line production of Henry Ford's Model T automobile resulted in which of the following by the end of the 1920's?
Construction of the federal interstate highway system
Widespread purchase of automobiles by average American families
The development of a large international market for American automobiles
The federal government's abandonment of research on air travel
A sharp decrease in railroad passenger traffic
Andrew Jackson supported all of the following EXCEPT
use of the presidential veto power
annexation of new territory
the removal of federal deposits from the Bank of the United States
the right of nullification
Indian removal
Which of the following stressed the importance of individual inspiration, self-reliance, dissent, and nonconformity?
Abigail Adams
Joseph Smith
James Fenimore Cooper
Ralph Waldo Emerson
George Whitefield
When the Emancipation Proclamation was issued at the beginning of 1863, its immediate effect was to
strengthen the moral cause of the Union
alienate Britain and France
free slaves held in the border states
abolish slavery
end the Civil War
Which of the following had integration rather than Black separatism as a goal?
Huey Newton and the Black Panther movement
Stokely Carmichael and the Black Power movement
Elijah Muhammad and the Black Muslim movement
Marcus Garvey and the Back-to-Africa movement
W. E. B. Du Bois and the Niagara movement
Which of the following was true of the first Great Awakening?
It resulted in divisions within both the Congregational and the Presbyterian churches.
It was primarily a southern phenomenon.
It was denounced by Jonathan Edwards.
Cotton Mather was one of its most famous preachers.
It primarily affected church congregations in towns and cities.
All of the following led Congress to impose Radical Reconstruction measures EXCEPT the
response of the southern legislatures to the Fourteenth Amendment
election of former Confederates to Congress
massive exodus of former slaves from the South
outbreak of race riots in New Orleans and Memphis
enactment of Black Codes by southern legislatures
All of the following statements about higher education in the United States from 1865 to 1917 are correct EXCEPT:
Many new scientific and engineering institutions were established.
Graduate education based on the German model became widespread.
An increasing number of institutions of higher education admitted women.
The teaching of religion became increasingly important at major northeastern institutions.
Many states established new institutions under the provisions of the Morrill Act.
Which of the following statements about American cities between 1890 and 1930 is correct?
Neighborhoods lost their ethnic identification.
Widespread racial integration of communities occurred.
Industries shifted from the cities to the suburbs.
Poor people moved to the outskirts of cities.
Area of residence increasingly became an indicator of social class.
During the 1930's, the Roosevelt administration did which of the following?
Held a referendum in Puerto Rico on the commonwealth's entry to the Union.
Established the Organization of American States.
Formally renounced the right to intervene in Latin America.
Granted immediate independence to the Philippines.
Ceded the Panama Canal Zone to Panama.
The objective of the Bonus Expeditionary Force that marched on Washington, D. C., in 1932 was to obtain
legal rights for members of the Communist Party
payment of money to veterans of the First World War
civil rights for African Americans
better education for children
higher commodity prices for farmers
Which of the following statements about the Tennessee Valley Authority is correct?
It built interstate highways in the upper South.
It built dams that made rural electrification possible.
It was a state-sponsored agency established to restore eroded soil.
It provided land for immigrants who wanted to become farmers.
It was ruled unconstitutional by the Supreme Court.

Slaveholders were an extremely powerful group.
The southern population was much smaller than that of the North.
Most southern families lived in rural areas.
Most southern families held slaves.
There were more Black people than White people in the antebellum South.
The principal motivation for drafting the Bill of Rights was the desire to
clarify the federal relationship among the states
restore to the states the powers they had enjoyed under the Articles of Confederation
strengthen the power of the federal government
protect rights not specified in the Constitution
test the new process of amendment described in the Constitution
Jimmy Carter and Ronald Reagan were similar as presidential candidates in that both
had built national reputations as legislators
renounced private fund-raising in support of their campaigns
promised Congress increased control over domestic matters
capitalized on their status as Washington outsiders
articulated the public's desire for less involvement in foreign affairs
The financial programs of Alexander Hamilton included all of the following EXCEPT
assumption of all state debts
establishment of the Bank of the United States
imposition of a tax on distilled liquor
nullification of all private debts to the states
funding of the national debt
In the antebellum period, free African Americans were
able to accumulate some property in spite of discrimination
able to settle in states in the Middle West without legal restriction
educated in integrated schools in most northern states
protected from kidnapping under stringent provisions of the Fugitive Slave Act
given the right of suffrage in most states
In 1861 the North went to war with the South primarily to
Forestall a Southern invasion of the North
avenge political defeats and insults inflicted by the South
preserve the Union
prevent European powers from meddling in American affairs
liberate the slaves
In the early 1830's, the majority of workers in the textile mills of Massachusetts were
free African Americans from urban areas
married women whose children were of school age
men who were heads of households
newly arrived immigrants from Ireland
young unmarried women from rural New England
The support for former Alabama governor George Wallace in the 1968 presidential campaign best illustrates the
loss of faith of many Americans in Republican party policies
persistence of anticommunism as a political force
growing power of the political Left in American politics
exploitation of race as a national political issue
impact of the economic downturn on the working class
The goals of educational reformers in the antebellum years included all of the following EXCEPT
federal financing of secondary education
a standardized length for the school year
the establishment of teacher-training schools
the use of state and local tax money to finance public education
compulsory school-attendance laws
President Washington's Neutrality Proclamation of 1793 was issued in response to
English boycotts of selected American manufactures
French diplomatic overtures to invoke the Franco-American Alliance
Canadian alliances with northern American Indians
Dutch economic activity in the mid-Atlantic states
Spanish expansion in the Southeast
Students staged a sit-in in Greensboro, North Carolina, in 1960 to protest
the oppression of women
the war in Vietnam
segregation of public facilities
cutbacks in student aid
poverty in the South
Which of the following was primarily responsible for the declining death rate in American cities at the end of the nineteenth century?
Cities built sewers and supplied purified water.
Better transportation enabled more people to seek medical care.
Doctors began to provide free medical care to poor people.
Cities began to provide free medical care to those who needed it.
Fewer poor people moved to the cities in the late nineteenth century.
D. W. Griffith's epic film "The Birth of a Nation" (1915) became controversial because of its
sympathetic treatment of Germany in the years before the First World War
depiction of Ku Klux Klan activities as heroic and commendable
celebration of America's cultural diversity
celebration of American freedoms at a time of protest against radical groups
portrayal of the Sons of Liberty as a radical mob
President Herbert Hoover approached the task of caring for unemployed workers during the Great Depression by
reactivating the dole
enlarging the federal government's payroll
relying on the services of federal welfare agencies
asking large corporations to hire war veterans
emphasizing the importance of private charities
Which of the following best describes the Harlem Renaissance?
The establishment of motion picture palaces.
The most famous art show of the early twentieth century.
The beginning of the NAACP.
An outpouring of Black artistic and literary creativity.
The rehabilitation of a decaying urban area.
Which of the following supplied the largest number of immigrants to the United States during the first half of the nineteenth century?
The Netherlands
The German states
Ireland
Africa
England
In 1840 the American Antislavery Society split into factions because
the death of Elijah P. Lovejoy created a struggle for power within the organization
a new sentiment in Congress favoring abolitionism led to disagreement over the rights of former slaves
William Lloyd Garrison's advocacy of women's rights and pacifism alienated some members
most Americans rejected the goal of colonizing Black people
its goals had been accomplished
Which of the following statements about the "American System" is correct?
It called for an end to the European presence in South America.
It was designed to meet the nation's need for economic progress and self-sufficiency.
It permitted immigrants to be naturalized after living in the United States for rive years.
It was strongly promoted by Andrew Jackson.
It was set up by the Treaty of Ghent at the end of the War of 1812.
Which of the following was true of a married woman in the colonial era?
Her legal rights over her children were the same as those of her husband.
She was the prime beneficiary by law of her husband's estate.
She generally lost control of her property when she married.
She could vote as her husband's proxy in elections.
She would be sentenced to debtors' prison for debts incurred by her husband.
Settlers who established the British colony in Virginia during the seventeenth century were primarily seeking to
increase the glory of Great Britain
profit economically
create a refuge for political dissidents
create a perfect religious commonwealth as an example to the rest of the world
recreate an Old World feudalistic society in the New World
As originally ratified, the United States Constitution provided for
a two-term presidential limit
an electoral college
the direct election of senators
a presidential cabinet
political parties
In negotiations to end the Cuban Missile Crisis, President Kennedy promised to
establish a quota system for Cuban refugees to the United States.
refrain from a military invasion of Cuba
reduce the number of United States missiles on the North American continent
allow Cuban propaganda in Latin America
send economic aid to Cuba under the Alliance for Progress
The Proclamation of 1763 did which of the following?
Announced the reorganization of the colonial office under Parliament, rather than directly under the King-in-Council.
Set a boundary along the crest of the Appalachians beyond which the English colonists were forbidden to settle.
Forbade all colonial trade with the French West Indies.
Prohibited colonists from producing iron for the American market.
Introduced a tax on tea.
In his farewell address, President Dwight D. Eisenhower warned Americans about the dangers of
the lack of a national health insurance program
the military-industrial complex
communist subversion of the civil rights movement
insufficient federal spending on the needs of the poor
presidential candidate Richard M. Nixon
Which of the following labor organizations endorsed the philosophy of "bread and butter" unionism by concentrating on demands for higher wages, shorter hours, and improved working conditions?
The Knights of Labor
The Molly Maguire’s
The American Federation of Labor
The Industrial Workers of the World
The National Labor Union
The era from the end of the Civil War to the outbreak of the First World War was characterized by
periodic economic panic and depression
uninterrupted economic growth
a sluggish economy except during times of mobilization for war
persistent inflation because of the influx of gold and silver into the economy
the emergence of large federal deficits
Which of the following best describes the experience of Americans of Japanese descent during the Second Word War?
They were forced to take loyalty oaths along with Americans of Italian and German descent.
They were expelled from Hawaii and California.
The Supreme Court intervened to protect them from wartime hysteria.
They were forced from their homes and businesses on the West Coast into detention camps.
The Department of the Army repatriated them forcibly to Japan.
All of the following concerns were addressed during the "hundred Days" of the New Deal EXCEPT
banking regulation
unemployment relief
agricultural adjustment
homeowner mortgage support
court restructuring
Which of the following statements about woman suffrage is true?
The six states of New England were the first to have complete woman suffrage.
Woman suffrage was introduced in the South during Radical Reconstruction.
No state granted woman suffrage before 1900.
The only states with complete woman suffrage before 1900 were west of the Mississippi.
California and Oregon were the first states to have complete woman suffrage.
Conscription policies in the First and Second World Wars differed significantly in that in the Second World War
African Americans were drafted into integrated units
conscientious objectors were not officially recognized
the draft began before the United States entered the conflict
the draft was administered at the regional and federal levels by the armed forces
exemptions were offered for a range of war-related occupations
The primary purpose of the Stamp Act was to
raise revenues to support British troops stationed in America
reduce colonial consumption of foreign goods
fund the colonial postal system
impose a mercantilist system on the colonies
reduce the authority of the colonial legislatures
The Hartford Convention was a manifestation of
New England Federalist opposition to the War of 1812
New England's desire to end United States trade with Great Britain
northern gratitude to General Jackson for his victory at New Orleans
the War Hawks' impatience with President Madison's conduct of foreign policy
western resentment against British-backed American Indian attacks
Which of the following was true of the Northeast American Indian tribes at the time Europeans first began colonization?
Their economies depended entirely on hunting and gathering.
Their political and linguistic differences hindered their united opposition to the Europeans.
Their populations were immune to European diseases.
Their warriors rarely engaged in intertribal warfare.
Their cultures made no distinction between men's work and women's work.
Which of the following best characterizes the writers associated with the literary flowing of the 1920's, such as Sinclair Lewis and F. Scott Fitzgerald?
Sympathy for Protestant fundamentalism
Nostalgia for the "good old days"
Commitment to the cause of racial equality
Advocacy of cultural isolationism
Criticism of middle-class conformity and materialism
All of the following characterized the economy during the Carter administration EXCEPT
high interest rates
inflation
increased government spending
rising unemployment
increased union membership
The Supreme Court case of Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka directly contradicted the legal principle established by
Dred Scott v. Sanford
Schecter v. United States
Plessy v. Ferguson
Schenck v. United States
Miranda v. Arizona
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This test covers questions from US History. This is an useful test for AP History as well

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